123

Ergebnis(se)

Wort/Wörter
Art der Veröffentlichung
Politikbereich
Verfasser
Schlagwortliste
Datum

Waste Shipment Regulation

08-04-2021

The New Circular Economy Action Plan is one of the main building blocks of the European Green Deal. It sets initiatives along the entire lifecycle of products with the aim to ensure that the resources used for their production, including the waste generated, are kept in the EU economy for as long as possible. At the same time, the circular economy policy aims at protecting the environment and empowering the consumers. Waste shipment within and outside the EU has a crucial role in achieving the EU ...

The New Circular Economy Action Plan is one of the main building blocks of the European Green Deal. It sets initiatives along the entire lifecycle of products with the aim to ensure that the resources used for their production, including the waste generated, are kept in the EU economy for as long as possible. At the same time, the circular economy policy aims at protecting the environment and empowering the consumers. Waste shipment within and outside the EU has a crucial role in achieving the EU circular economy objectives. At EU level, the transboundary movements of waste are governed by Regulation (EC) 1013/2006 on shipments of waste (WSR). However, the current design and implementation of the regulation suffer from deficiencies and thus challenge the achievement of the EU circular economy objectives. This Implementation Appraisal looks at the practical implementation of the WSR in light of the Commission proposal for a revision of the regulation expected in the second quarter of 2021.

Protecting workers from asbestos

29-03-2021

Asbestos is responsible for more than half of the deaths from occupational cancer in the world. Since 2005 Asbestos is banned in Europe. The risks remain, because of the maintenance or demolition work on older buildings and their renovation (increasing energy efficiency) result in substantial exposure to asbestos and many people still work and live in asbestos contaminated buildings.

Asbestos is responsible for more than half of the deaths from occupational cancer in the world. Since 2005 Asbestos is banned in Europe. The risks remain, because of the maintenance or demolition work on older buildings and their renovation (increasing energy efficiency) result in substantial exposure to asbestos and many people still work and live in asbestos contaminated buildings.

Covid-19: The need for a gendered response

26-02-2021

In the midst of the current pandemic, adopting a gender perspective may seem a secondary concern. However, pandemics are known to affect women and men differently, making it essential to recognise these differences in order to understand the impacts on individuals and communities and to respond effectively and equitably. There is already clear evidence that the ongoing health, social and economic crisis is having gendered impacts. Disaggregated data show that sex and gender are playing a role in ...

In the midst of the current pandemic, adopting a gender perspective may seem a secondary concern. However, pandemics are known to affect women and men differently, making it essential to recognise these differences in order to understand the impacts on individuals and communities and to respond effectively and equitably. There is already clear evidence that the ongoing health, social and economic crisis is having gendered impacts. Disaggregated data show that sex and gender are playing a role in exposure to the virus and risks of severe outcomes, and that some groups of women and men are particularly vulnerable. Lockdown measures have led to an increase in violence against women and disrupted access to support services. Access to sexual and reproductive healthcare has also been affected. Successive lockdowns have widened the existing gender divide in unpaid care work that was already keeping more women than men out of the labour market. Greater work-life conflict is one of the factors leading to women's employment being worse hit than men's, with potential long-term impacts on women's employment, pay and career advancement. The pandemic has also brought the issue of women's participation in decision-making to the fore. Without a gender-sensitive approach, the pandemic could have far-reaching implications, including a real risk of exacerbating gender inequalities and sending progress into reverse. At the same time, gender mainstreaming tools such as gender impact assessments and gender budgeting exist that could, if used effectively, mitigate the negative consequences and contribute to achieving gender equality. Internationally and within the European Union (EU), there have been calls for gender-sensitive emergency and long-term responses. In January 2021, the European Parliament adopted a resolution setting out recommendations on both aspects.

Recalls of sesame seed products due to pesticide residues

03-02-2021

In September 2020, Belgium initiated a notification in the EU Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) concerning residues of an unauthorised substance called ethylene oxide (EO) in various lots of sesame seeds from India. This triggered a chain of enforced testing and controls, leading to withdrawals and recalls of significant amounts of products in many EU Member States, including products such as hummus, bread, and sauces containing sesame. Both conventional and organic products are concerned ...

In September 2020, Belgium initiated a notification in the EU Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) concerning residues of an unauthorised substance called ethylene oxide (EO) in various lots of sesame seeds from India. This triggered a chain of enforced testing and controls, leading to withdrawals and recalls of significant amounts of products in many EU Member States, including products such as hummus, bread, and sauces containing sesame. Both conventional and organic products are concerned. A possible explanation according to scientists could be that ethylene oxide has been used for fumigating sesame seeds, to eradicate contamination with salmonella.

Der Zusammenhang zwischen dem Verlust der biologischen Vielfalt und der zunehmenden Verbreitung von Zoonosen

22-12-2020

In den letzten Jahrzehnten hatten verschiedene tödliche Infektionskrankheiten einen zoonotischen Ursprung. Die Verbindungen zwischen Wirten, Vektoren, Parasiten und Krankheitserregern können durch eine Vielzahl von Faktoren wie biologische Vielfalt, Wildtiere und Landnutzung beeinflusst werden. Ein hohes Maß an biologischer Vielfalt kann eine potenzielle Quelle für die Übertragung von Krankheitserregern sein, aber auch der Verlust an biologischer Vielfalt kann die Übertragung fördern, indem die Anzahl ...

In den letzten Jahrzehnten hatten verschiedene tödliche Infektionskrankheiten einen zoonotischen Ursprung. Die Verbindungen zwischen Wirten, Vektoren, Parasiten und Krankheitserregern können durch eine Vielzahl von Faktoren wie biologische Vielfalt, Wildtiere und Landnutzung beeinflusst werden. Ein hohes Maß an biologischer Vielfalt kann eine potenzielle Quelle für die Übertragung von Krankheitserregern sein, aber auch der Verlust an biologischer Vielfalt kann die Übertragung fördern, indem die Anzahl der kompetenten Wirte für einen Krankheitserreger erhöht wird. Der Erhalt der biologischen Vielfalt verringert das Risiko von Zoonosen, wenn damit zusätzliche Lebensräume für Arten geboten werden, und so der potenzielle Kontakt zwischen Wildtieren, Nutztieren und Menschen verringert wird. Darüber hinaus ist eine Gesamtstrategie unter Einbeziehung von Wirt und Vektor eine praktikable Option.Weitere wichtige Maßnahmen sind die Einschränkung und hygienische Kontrolle des Handels mit Wildtieren unter Berücksichtigung der Bedürfnisse indigener Völker und lokaler Gemeinschaften. Jeder Fall erfordert eine Bewertung des besten Wegs zur Risikominderung unter Berücksichtigung der Auswirkungen auf andere Ökosystemfunktionen oder -leistungen. Dieses Dokument wurde von der Abteilung für Politik, Wirtschaft und Lebensqualität im Auftrag des Ausschusses für Umweltfragen, öffentliche Gesundheit und Lebensmittelsicherheit (ENVI) zur Verfügung gestellt.

Externe Autor

Frank VAN LANGEVELDE, Hugo René RIVERA MENDOZA, Kevin D. MATSON, Helen J. ESSER, Willem F. DE BOER, Stefan SCHINDLER

Climate change and its impact on mental health

08-12-2020

Climate change health impacts are experienced through direct and indirect pathways. These can take the form of an increase in the frequency and/or severity of extreme weather events such as heatwaves, droughts, floods, and storms which directly may impact health, resulting in heat-related mortality and morbidity, injury and trauma. Indirectly, climate change may impact health through loss of livelihoods, land and property and through interaction with environmental systems. This document was provided ...

Climate change health impacts are experienced through direct and indirect pathways. These can take the form of an increase in the frequency and/or severity of extreme weather events such as heatwaves, droughts, floods, and storms which directly may impact health, resulting in heat-related mortality and morbidity, injury and trauma. Indirectly, climate change may impact health through loss of livelihoods, land and property and through interaction with environmental systems. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.

Externe Autor

Maria NILSSON

Protection of workers from exposure to carcinogens or mutagens: Fourth proposal

30-11-2020

The impact assessment (IA) defines clearly the problem and its underlying drivers. The IA considers a wide range of options, and those retained for further assessment appear to be reasonable and/or justified. However, the IA would have benefited from providing greater clarity on those components that were either included in (short-term exposure limit values) or excluded (biological limit values) from the preferred options. The analysis of impacts focuses on their economic and social dimension, mainly ...

The impact assessment (IA) defines clearly the problem and its underlying drivers. The IA considers a wide range of options, and those retained for further assessment appear to be reasonable and/or justified. However, the IA would have benefited from providing greater clarity on those components that were either included in (short-term exposure limit values) or excluded (biological limit values) from the preferred options. The analysis of impacts focuses on their economic and social dimension, mainly linked to health. Environmental impacts are found to be limited or small but positive, but the analysis could have been substantiated more thoroughly. A cost-benefit analysis of the transitional occupational exposure limit values included in the preferred options was not performed. Stakeholders' opinions have been satisfactorily reported. Finally, the IA appears to have addressed most of the RSB's recommendations and the legislative proposal seems to be consistent with the analysis carried out in the IA.

Impacts of climate change and air pollution on the health of the EU population

12-11-2020

As 13% of deaths in the EU 28 Member States (EU-28) were attributable to the environment in 2012,1 it is clear that the effects of climate change are having tangible consequences for the European population. Its pace and intensity could thus lead to increasing health risks accross the EU. Globally, temperatures have already risen by 1°C above pre-industrial levels and a temperature increase of more than 2°C would lead to even greater health risks, especially for vulnerable populations such as the ...

As 13% of deaths in the EU 28 Member States (EU-28) were attributable to the environment in 2012,1 it is clear that the effects of climate change are having tangible consequences for the European population. Its pace and intensity could thus lead to increasing health risks accross the EU. Globally, temperatures have already risen by 1°C above pre-industrial levels and a temperature increase of more than 2°C would lead to even greater health risks, especially for vulnerable populations such as the elderly and children. There is therefore an urgent need for integrated strategies for adaptation and mitigation. Adaptation is aimed at reducing the climate change’s negative effects as well as at taking advantage of any opportunities that it creates, whereas mitigation strategies’ objective is to tackle the cause of climate change while minimising its possible impacts and potentially offering health (co)benefits.

Externe Autor

Hélène ROSSINOT

Coronavirus and the trade in wildlife

04-05-2020

Nearly three quarters of emerging infectious diseases in humans are caused by zoonotic pathogens. The majority of them originate in wildlife. Human activities, such as trade in wildlife, increase opportunities for animal–human interactions and facilitate zoonotic disease transmission. Several significant diseases, including Ebola and the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak, have been traced, in part, to substantial animal-human contact along the trade chain. Current information suggests ...

Nearly three quarters of emerging infectious diseases in humans are caused by zoonotic pathogens. The majority of them originate in wildlife. Human activities, such as trade in wildlife, increase opportunities for animal–human interactions and facilitate zoonotic disease transmission. Several significant diseases, including Ebola and the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak, have been traced, in part, to substantial animal-human contact along the trade chain. Current information suggests that the Covid-19 pandemic may have started from a local Chinese wildlife market. Wildlife trade, though difficult to quantify, is one of the most lucrative trades in the world. It is regulated under the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (CITES), an international agreement to which the European Union (EU) and its Member States are parties. Through a permit system, CITES aims to ensure that international trade in listed species is sustainable, legal and traceable. Curbing illegal trade, however, remains a challenge. In 2016, the EU adopted an action plan on wildlife trafficking, which runs until 2020 and is currently under evaluation. The European Parliament supports its renewal and the strengthening of its provisions. The coronavirus crisis has thrown into sharp focus the threat of disease transmission posed by trade in and consumption of wild animal species, prompting calls for bans on wildlife trade and closure of wildlife markets. Others advocate better regulation, including enhanced health and safety and sanitation measures. With matters relating to zoonotic diseases outside CITES' mandate, some have suggested the development of a new international convention to address the issue. To reduce the risks of future outbreaks, many recommend an integrated approach, which would notably also cover nature preservation and restoration.

Auswirkungen der drahtlosen 5G Kommunikation auf die menschliche Gesundheit

11-02-2020

Die als 5G bezeichnete fünfte Generation der Telekommunikationstechnologien ist ein grundlegendes Element zur Verwirklichung einer europäischen Gigabit-Gesellschaft bis 2025. Das Ziel, alle städtischen Gebiete, Schienenstrecken und Hauptverkehrsstraßen mit ununterbrochener drahtloser Kommunikation der fünften Generation zu versorgen, kann nur durch den Aufbau eines sehr dichten Netzes von Antennen und Sendern erreicht werden. Somit wird die Anzahl der Basisstationen und anderer Geräte mit höherfrequenten ...

Die als 5G bezeichnete fünfte Generation der Telekommunikationstechnologien ist ein grundlegendes Element zur Verwirklichung einer europäischen Gigabit-Gesellschaft bis 2025. Das Ziel, alle städtischen Gebiete, Schienenstrecken und Hauptverkehrsstraßen mit ununterbrochener drahtloser Kommunikation der fünften Generation zu versorgen, kann nur durch den Aufbau eines sehr dichten Netzes von Antennen und Sendern erreicht werden. Somit wird die Anzahl der Basisstationen und anderer Geräte mit höherfrequenten Signalen deutlich zunehmen. Vor dem Hintergrund, dass höhere Frequenzen und Milliarden zusätzlicher Verbindungen wissenschaftlichen Untersuchungen zufolge eine Dauerexposition der gesamten Bevölkerung einschließlich der Kinder bedeuten, wirft dies die Frage auf, ob negative Auswirkungen auf die menschliche Gesundheit und die Umwelt zu erwarten sind. Zwar geht die Forschung allgemein davon aus, dass solche Funkwellen keine Gefahr für die Bevölkerung darstellen, jedoch fehlen bislang Untersuchungen zu der Dauereinwirkung, die sich aus der Einführung von 5G ergeben würde. Dementsprechend ist ein Teil der Wissenschaftsgemeinde der Ansicht, dass die möglichen negativen biologischen Auswirkungen von elektromagnetischen Feldern (EMF) und 5G weiter erforscht werden müssen, insbesondere was die Häufigkeit des Auftretens einiger schwerer Krankheiten beim Menschen anbelangt. Eine weitere Überlegung geht dahin, dass Forscher aus verschiedenen Disziplinen, insbesondere aus Medizin und Physik oder Ingenieurwissenschaften, zusammengebracht werden sollten, um die Auswirkungen von 5G weiterführend zu untersuchen. Die aktuellen Bestimmungen der EU zur Exposition gegenüber drahtlosen Signalen, die Empfehlung des Rates zur Begrenzung der Exposition der Bevölkerung gegenüber elektromagnetischen Feldern (0 Hz – 300 GHz), sind mittlerweile 20 Jahre alt und sind daher nicht auf die spezifischen technischen Merkmale von 5G anwendbar.

Anstehende Veranstaltungen

14-06-2021
AIDA-AGRI Public Hearing on AI, Agriculture and Food Security
Anhörung -
AIDA AGRI
14-06-2021
Workshop: the EU's current role in GRECO and ambitions for the future
Workshop -
CONT
15-06-2021
Public Hearing on "Various aspects of women in poverty following the COVID impact"
Anhörung -
FEMM

Partner