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Electric road vehicles in the European Union: Trends, impacts and policies

03-04-2019

Technological advances and societal changes have triggered a drastic evolution in mobility. Alongside other trends, such as digitalisation, autonomous driving and shared mobility, electric mobility is also gaining momentum. Electric mobility could help the EU to achieve its goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution, noise and dependence on oil. However, the extent of this help will depend on a number of factors, such as the share of electric vehicles in the overall vehicle fleet and ...

Technological advances and societal changes have triggered a drastic evolution in mobility. Alongside other trends, such as digitalisation, autonomous driving and shared mobility, electric mobility is also gaining momentum. Electric mobility could help the EU to achieve its goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution, noise and dependence on oil. However, the extent of this help will depend on a number of factors, such as the share of electric vehicles in the overall vehicle fleet and how environmentally friendly electric vehicles can remain throughout their life cycle. Global sales of new electric road vehicles have been growing significantly in recent years, largely driven by the mass expansion of this mode of transport in China. Despite its rapid growth, the EU market for such vehicles is still small, and largely dependent on support policies. Most electric road vehicles are concentrated in a few northern and western Member States, although southern and eastern ones have recently recorded the biggest sales growth. Over the years, the EU has taken various actions to support electric mobility. For instance, EU-level measures have been encouraging the use of renewable electricity and smart charging; helping to develop and standardise charging infrastructure; and supporting research on batteries. Local, regional and national-level incentives (such as the introduction of lower taxes or the provision of free public parking for electric vehicles) are also promoting electric mobility. Countries that offer generous incentives and good charging infrastructure typically have a bigger market share for electric road vehicles.

Major EU-China antidumping cases

31-05-2016

In 2015, China remained by far the major target of antidumping (AD) investigations initiated by the European Commission. With a total of 53 AD measures in force against imports from China in that year, the country ranked ahead of Indonesia (10), Malaysia (6), Russia (6), India (5) and Taiwan (5). All six new AD probes in 2015 concerned the country, although Russia and Taiwan were also targeted in two of those. AD duties imposed in past probes and expiring between 2016 and 2020 are concentrated in ...

In 2015, China remained by far the major target of antidumping (AD) investigations initiated by the European Commission. With a total of 53 AD measures in force against imports from China in that year, the country ranked ahead of Indonesia (10), Malaysia (6), Russia (6), India (5) and Taiwan (5). All six new AD probes in 2015 concerned the country, although Russia and Taiwan were also targeted in two of those. AD duties imposed in past probes and expiring between 2016 and 2020 are concentrated in labour- and resource-intensive sectors, such as bicycles, ceramics, chemicals, solar panels and steel sectors, and concern industries with significant employment levels. A review of some key AD cases in these sectors shows that, besides circumventing AD duties, Chinese exporters have increasingly engaged in litigation against the EU before the EU Courts in order to avoid non-market economy treatment. In parallel, the Chinese government, which has become an active user of all available steps of the dispute settlement mechanism of the World Trade Organization (WTO) more generally, has challenged both procedural and substantive aspects of the EU Antidumping Regulation, while it has also employed what may be perceived as 'tit for tat' or retaliation strategies and its increased bargaining power through diplomatic channels. Against the backdrop of unprecedented over-capacity in Chinese heavy industries, notably in the steel sector, and an unabated surge in Chinese steel imports into the EU, in February 2016 new AD investigations into several steel products from China were launched. For details of the methodology for 'Calculation of dumping margins', at the heart of all antidumping cases, see the EPRS publication by Laura Puccio, PE 583.794.

Förderung des Fahrradverkehrs: Ein koordinierter Ansatz für die Radverkehrspolitik der lokalen und regionalen Gebietskörperschaften in der EU

17-05-2016

Eine echte Verlagerung hin zu größerer Radmobilität kann erreicht werden durch fahrradpolitische Maßnahmen, die auf allen Ebenen der öffentlichen Verwaltung koordiniert werden. Aus Subsidiaritätsgründen liegt die Hauptverantwortung für die Fahrradpolitik auf nationaler und lokaler Ebene. Doch könnte die EU die Verstärkung dieser Anstrengungen unterstützen, indem sie ein Strategiedokument entwickelt, in dem alle Politikfelder mit Auswirkung auf den Radverkehr in einem Text zusammengefasst sind. In ...

Eine echte Verlagerung hin zu größerer Radmobilität kann erreicht werden durch fahrradpolitische Maßnahmen, die auf allen Ebenen der öffentlichen Verwaltung koordiniert werden. Aus Subsidiaritätsgründen liegt die Hauptverantwortung für die Fahrradpolitik auf nationaler und lokaler Ebene. Doch könnte die EU die Verstärkung dieser Anstrengungen unterstützen, indem sie ein Strategiedokument entwickelt, in dem alle Politikfelder mit Auswirkung auf den Radverkehr in einem Text zusammengefasst sind. In Verbindung mit einer angemessenen Finanzierung könnte so ein starkes Signal an alle Ebenen der öffentlichen Verwaltung ausgehen, dass das Radfahren als Verkehrsmittel, das die Verkehrsüberlastung und Luftverschmutzung in Städten senken und gleichzeitig die Gesundheit der Bevölkerung verbessern kann, ernst genommen wird.

Cycling mobility in the EU

20-05-2015

As an everyday activity for millions of Europeans, cycling is increasing in importance in European society. In economic and social terms, it influences or impacts upon transport, mobility, environment and climate change, the economy and tourism. Currently, no cycling strategy exists at EU level. Cycling policies are a matter for Member States, which provide the regulatory frameworks and – in many cases – country-wide cycling programmes, while concrete actions are generated mostly at local or regional ...

As an everyday activity for millions of Europeans, cycling is increasing in importance in European society. In economic and social terms, it influences or impacts upon transport, mobility, environment and climate change, the economy and tourism. Currently, no cycling strategy exists at EU level. Cycling policies are a matter for Member States, which provide the regulatory frameworks and – in many cases – country-wide cycling programmes, while concrete actions are generated mostly at local or regional levels, notably in cities. Nevertheless, the EU has taken an active role in cycling promotion, trying to make the best use of this mode of transport, including in efforts to achieve Europe 2020 strategy targets. Accordingly, a number of EU policies and programmes take cycling into account. The EU's overall approach aims to bring about a lasting change in people's behaviour, in favour of more cycling. To attain this goal, several different aspects of cycling promotion could benefit from coordinated development. EU support consists principally of guidance, exchange of best practice, and financial support, oriented towards local and regional authorities promoting a stronger culture of cycling mobility. More and more people use cycling for their everyday travel. As a means of transport over short distances, cycling brings certain economic, environmental and health-related benefits. In parallel, cycling for leisure and tourism is also evolving, thanks to a growing network of cycle paths. One of the most visible cycling developments is taking place in cities, where recent trends such as the introduction of bicycle sharing systems, electric bicycles and cargo bikes, are transforming the cityscape and contributing to a broader acceptance of cycling in society. For its part, the European Parliament contributes to cycling promotion with continuous active support. Stakeholders are already looking ahead and aiming for a coordinated EU approach to cycling.

Roadworthiness of motor vehicles

27-06-2013

The technical condition of vehicles deteriorates with use and age, and with poor maintenance. Proposals for improved roadworthiness of motor vehicles along common standards, and through reinforced technical inspections and additional roadside checks, are now under consideration by the European Parliament.

The technical condition of vehicles deteriorates with use and age, and with poor maintenance. Proposals for improved roadworthiness of motor vehicles along common standards, and through reinforced technical inspections and additional roadside checks, are now under consideration by the European Parliament.

Approval and Market Surveillance of Two- or Three-Wheeled Vehicles and Quadricycles

15-02-2012

This study is a three-part impact assessment of amendments proposed by the IMCO Committee to three measures contained in the European Commission's proposal for a "Regulation on the approval and market surveillance of two- or three-wheeled vehicles and quadricycles". The first part concerns the fitting of an anti-lock braking system (ABS), the second part concerns On-Board Diagnostic systems (OBD), and the third part the speeding-up of the introduction of subsequent stages of European emission standards ...

This study is a three-part impact assessment of amendments proposed by the IMCO Committee to three measures contained in the European Commission's proposal for a "Regulation on the approval and market surveillance of two- or three-wheeled vehicles and quadricycles". The first part concerns the fitting of an anti-lock braking system (ABS), the second part concerns On-Board Diagnostic systems (OBD), and the third part the speeding-up of the introduction of subsequent stages of European emission standards for L-category vehicles.

Externe Autor

I. Enhanced functional safety requirements: Moritz Godel and Rasmus Flytkjær , II. On-board diagnostic system: Moritz Godel and Annabel Litchfield , III. Timetable for emission standards: Moritz Godel and Iris Mantovani

Access to Repair and Maintenance Information

15-08-2011

The objective of this briefing paper is (i) to provide an overview of the relevant market conditions in the motor vehicles (M category), the powered twowheelers (PTW; L-category) and the tractor (T category) sectors and (ii) to assess whether the requirements for access to Repair and Maintenance Information (RMI) within the proposals for Regulations on motorcycles 2010/0271(COD) (COM(2010)542) and tractors 2010/0212(COD) (COM(2010)395) require reconsideration in relation to their policy objective ...

The objective of this briefing paper is (i) to provide an overview of the relevant market conditions in the motor vehicles (M category), the powered twowheelers (PTW; L-category) and the tractor (T category) sectors and (ii) to assess whether the requirements for access to Repair and Maintenance Information (RMI) within the proposals for Regulations on motorcycles 2010/0271(COD) (COM(2010)542) and tractors 2010/0212(COD) (COM(2010)395) require reconsideration in relation to their policy objective.

Externe Autor

Gómez-Acebo and Pombo Abogados (S.L.P., Brussels, Belgium)

Die Förderung des Radfahrens

15-04-2010

Das vorliegende Themenpapier soll einen Überblick über die Probleme und Herausforderungen im Bereich Radverkehr vermitteln, wobei die wichtigsten städtischen Konzepte zur Förderung des Radfahrens und des Radverkehrs beschrieben werden. Es präsentiert eine Sammlung bewährter Verfahren in Sachen Straßeninfrastruktur und Abstellmöglichkeiten, Sicherheit für Radfahrer und Intermodalität. Zum Abschluss werden Empfehlungen für die EU und Kommunalbehörden gegeben.

Das vorliegende Themenpapier soll einen Überblick über die Probleme und Herausforderungen im Bereich Radverkehr vermitteln, wobei die wichtigsten städtischen Konzepte zur Förderung des Radfahrens und des Radverkehrs beschrieben werden. Es präsentiert eine Sammlung bewährter Verfahren in Sachen Straßeninfrastruktur und Abstellmöglichkeiten, Sicherheit für Radfahrer und Intermodalität. Zum Abschluss werden Empfehlungen für die EU und Kommunalbehörden gegeben.

Externe Autor

Angelo Martino, Silvia Maffii and Paola Raganato (TRT - Trasporti e Territorio, Milan, Italy)

Anstehende Veranstaltungen

20-01-2021
EPRS online policy roundtable with the World Bank: Where next for the global economy
Andere Veranstaltung -
EPRS
25-01-2021
Public Hearing on "Gender aspects of precarious work"
Anhörung -
FEMM
27-01-2021
Public hearing on AI and Green Deal
Anhörung -
AIDA

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