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The Polbud judgment and the freedom of establishment for companies in the European Union: problems and perspectives

23-10-2018

The present work provides a study of analysis of the EU Court of Justice’s Polbud judgment on the cross-border conversion. It has been commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee. This study focuses on the implications of the judgment for the freedom of establishment of companies across the EU, including the potential risk of “forum and tax shopping” as well as for the protection of creditors, minority ...

The present work provides a study of analysis of the EU Court of Justice’s Polbud judgment on the cross-border conversion. It has been commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee. This study focuses on the implications of the judgment for the freedom of establishment of companies across the EU, including the potential risk of “forum and tax shopping” as well as for the protection of creditors, minority shareholders and workers.

Externe Autor

Simona FRAZZANI Professor Carlo ANGELICI Professor Jochen HOFFMANN Silvia MEDICI, Professor Francesco SCIAUDONE

Cross-border mobility of companies and use of digital solutions in company law

12-09-2018

In order to facilitate the freedom of establishment for companies, the Commission is proposing rules regarding the use of digital tools and processes throughout companies’ lifecycles and rules regarding cross-border conversions, mergers and divisions. This initial appraisal of the Commission’s impact assessment on the proposals observes that the impact assessment is very wide in scope and hence quite complex, but nevertheless manages to make a persuasive case to back the regulatory action being proposed ...

In order to facilitate the freedom of establishment for companies, the Commission is proposing rules regarding the use of digital tools and processes throughout companies’ lifecycles and rules regarding cross-border conversions, mergers and divisions. This initial appraisal of the Commission’s impact assessment on the proposals observes that the impact assessment is very wide in scope and hence quite complex, but nevertheless manages to make a persuasive case to back the regulatory action being proposed

Upgrading EU Company Law for digital solutions and cross-border operations

09-01-2018

Currently, EU company law is partially codified in Directive (EU) 2017/1132 relating to certain aspects of company law. Harmonisation of EU company law is a prerequisite for deploying a fully-fledged digital single market enabling all operators, in particular SMEs, to draw on the potential of the digital economy and to eliminate unnecessary barriers, while safeguarding their rights and providing legal and cyber security. Despite the recent codification and recently amended other pieces of EU company ...

Currently, EU company law is partially codified in Directive (EU) 2017/1132 relating to certain aspects of company law. Harmonisation of EU company law is a prerequisite for deploying a fully-fledged digital single market enabling all operators, in particular SMEs, to draw on the potential of the digital economy and to eliminate unnecessary barriers, while safeguarding their rights and providing legal and cyber security. Despite the recent codification and recently amended other pieces of EU company law, problems linked with legal certainty, administrative burden, unnecessary costs for companies resulting in lack of transparency or ineffective protection of companies, still remain. These points were noted and underscored several times by the European Parliament. The European Commission is expected to publish a legislative proposal on an EU company law package on 16 January 2018, potentially addressing digitalisation, cross-border mergers, divisions and conversions, as well as rules on conflict of laws related to company law.

Koordinierung der Systeme der sozialen Sicherheit in Europa - Zusammenfassung

23-11-2017

Diese von der Fachabteilung A im Auftrag des Ausschusses für Beschäftigung und soziale Angelegenheiten erstellte Studie beschreibt die gegenwärtigen Entwicklungen im Bereich der Koordinierung der Systeme der sozialen Absicherung in der EU. Die Wirksamkeit der Vorschriften zur Koordinierung in den Bereichen, die vom Änderungsvorschlag der Europäischen Kommission betroffen sind, wird eingeschätzt und die möglichen Auswirkungen des Vorschlags werden bewertet. Insbesondere wird darauf eingegangen, in ...

Diese von der Fachabteilung A im Auftrag des Ausschusses für Beschäftigung und soziale Angelegenheiten erstellte Studie beschreibt die gegenwärtigen Entwicklungen im Bereich der Koordinierung der Systeme der sozialen Absicherung in der EU. Die Wirksamkeit der Vorschriften zur Koordinierung in den Bereichen, die vom Änderungsvorschlag der Europäischen Kommission betroffen sind, wird eingeschätzt und die möglichen Auswirkungen des Vorschlags werden bewertet. Insbesondere wird darauf eingegangen, in welcher Weise einige der vorgeschlagenen Änderungen sich auf Grundprinzipien der Koordinierung der Systeme der sozialen Absicherung und des Rechts auf freien Personenverkehr, wie etwa das Prinzip der Gleichbehandlung, auswirken könnten.

Externe Autor

Manuelita Mancini, Stefano Giubboni, Feliciano Iudicone

European Environment Agency: Mission, governance, output

02-06-2017

The European Environment Agency (EEA) is an agency of the European Union; it was established in 1993 and has its seat in Copenhagen. Its main mission is to provide the EU with objective, reliable and comparable information on the basis of which to conduct environment policy, assess environmental impacts and inform the public about the state of the environment. The Agency's main clients are the European Commission, the European Parliament and the Council, as well as its 33 member countries. Its main ...

The European Environment Agency (EEA) is an agency of the European Union; it was established in 1993 and has its seat in Copenhagen. Its main mission is to provide the EU with objective, reliable and comparable information on the basis of which to conduct environment policy, assess environmental impacts and inform the public about the state of the environment. The Agency's main clients are the European Commission, the European Parliament and the Council, as well as its 33 member countries. Its main bodies are the Management Board, which sets the main course, the Executive Director, who heads the Agency, and the Scientific Committee, which provides advice. The EEA has a budget of about €50 million and employs about 200 staff. The EEA's work is supported by the European Environment Information and Observation Network (Eionet), which is made up of European topic centres (consortia of organisations with expertise in a given area) and about 1 500 experts from national environmental organisations. The work of the EEA is based on five-yearly multiannual work programmes implemented through annual work programmes. The Agency's flagship publication is the report on the state and outlook of the European environment (SOER), which provides an assessment of the European environment, trends and prospects. Regular evaluations of the Agency and Eionet are programmed to take place every five years. The European Commission is currently carrying out a 'fitness check' evaluation of the two structures, with conclusions expected by the end of 2017. The European Parliament recognises the role of the EEA as a provider of information on the environment. It recently issued a series of recommendations regarding, among other things, transparency, gender balance, indicators and resources.

Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making

08-03-2016

The new Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making, adopted by the European Parliament on 9 March 2016, replaces the 2003 Interinstitutional Agreement with the same name. The Commission initially presented its proposal on 19 May 2015. Part of its better regulation agenda, the proposal was announced as one of the ten priorities of the Juncker Commission at the start of its term, with the aim to design EU policies and laws so that they achieve their objectives in the most efficient and effective ...

The new Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making, adopted by the European Parliament on 9 March 2016, replaces the 2003 Interinstitutional Agreement with the same name. The Commission initially presented its proposal on 19 May 2015. Part of its better regulation agenda, the proposal was announced as one of the ten priorities of the Juncker Commission at the start of its term, with the aim to design EU policies and laws so that they achieve their objectives in the most efficient and effective way possible.

Contracts for online and other distance sales of goods

15-02-2016

In December 2015, the Commission proposed a directive on contracts for online and other distance sales of goods (online sale of goods directive). This would partly replace the existing Consumer Sales Directive with regard to distance sales (both online and offline). Unlike the Consumer Sales Directive, the proposed online sale of goods directive would provide for maximum (total) harmonisation, thereby prohibiting Member States from introducing a higher level of consumer protection within the scope ...

In December 2015, the Commission proposed a directive on contracts for online and other distance sales of goods (online sale of goods directive). This would partly replace the existing Consumer Sales Directive with regard to distance sales (both online and offline). Unlike the Consumer Sales Directive, the proposed online sale of goods directive would provide for maximum (total) harmonisation, thereby prohibiting Member States from introducing a higher level of consumer protection within the scope of the directive. A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html The proposed online sale of goods directive is part of the Digital Single Market Strategy, and comes alongside several other proposed legal instruments, notably the digital content supply directive [2015/0287(COD)] and the portability of digital content directive. Although, legally speaking, the proposal is new, in political terms it aims to replace the 2011 proposal for a Common European Sales Law, in line with the commitment made by the Juncker Commission in December 2015.

The Context and Legal Elements of a Proposal for a Regulation on the Administrative Procedure of the European Union's Institutions, Bodies, Offices and Agencies

08-01-2016

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee. It provides for an analysis of and comments on the proposal for a Regulation on EU administrative procedural law prepared by the project team supporting the Working Group on Administrative Law and endorsed by the latter Working Group. The purpose of this Regulation is fostering compliance with the general principles of EU law, reducing the ...

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee. It provides for an analysis of and comments on the proposal for a Regulation on EU administrative procedural law prepared by the project team supporting the Working Group on Administrative Law and endorsed by the latter Working Group. The purpose of this Regulation is fostering compliance with the general principles of EU law, reducing the fragmentation of applicable rules, improving transparency and allowing for simplification of Union legislation by establishing a concise basic set of procedural provisions common to multiple policies.

Externe Autor

Diana-Urania Galetta (University of Milan, Italy), Herwig C. H. Hofmann (University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg), Oriol Mir Puigpelat (University of Barcelona, Spain) and Jacques Ziller (University of Pavia, Italy)

Codification of Passenger Rights: Cost of Non-Europe Report

15-07-2015

Cost of Non-Europe Reports identify the possibilities for economic or other gains and/or the realisation of a ‘public good’ through common action at EU level in specific policy areas and sectors. This report analyses the costs for citizens and business of the absence of a consolidated framework for Passenger Rights as well as the feasibility and the merits of such a consolidation in a single legislative instrument.Regulatory and practical gaps and inconsistencies in EU passenger legislation result ...

Cost of Non-Europe Reports identify the possibilities for economic or other gains and/or the realisation of a ‘public good’ through common action at EU level in specific policy areas and sectors. This report analyses the costs for citizens and business of the absence of a consolidated framework for Passenger Rights as well as the feasibility and the merits of such a consolidation in a single legislative instrument.Regulatory and practical gaps and inconsistencies in EU passenger legislation result in passengers not being equally protected across the various transport modes. The lack of a consolidated and consistent framework weakens the effective enforcement of Passenger Rights, affects the quality of service and creates barriers for seamless travel. The costs of these shortcomings for transport users and the whole society amount to at least 355 million euro annually.Although requiring a complex legislative effort, the establishment of a single EU framework for passenger rights in the form of an EU Codex would present the highest added value in tackling the current problems.  A Common Frame of Reference could be a first step to such consistent and harmonised revision of Passenger Rights.

Externe Autor

Authors of Annex I: Levent Altan, Paola Banfi, Linda De Keyser, Agnieszka Markowska, Nathalie Meurens and Marilena Verbari of Milieu Ltd have written this European Added Value Assessment (EAVA) at the request of the European Added Value Unit of the Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value, within the Parliamentary Research Services (DG EPRS) of the General Secretariat of the European Parliament.

The General Principles of EU Administrative Procedural Law

07-07-2015

Upon request by the JURI Committee this in-depth analysis explains what general principles of EU administrative procedural law are, and how they can be formulated in the recitals of a Regulation on EU administrative procedure.

Upon request by the JURI Committee this in-depth analysis explains what general principles of EU administrative procedural law are, and how they can be formulated in the recitals of a Regulation on EU administrative procedure.

Externe Autor

Diana-Urania Galetta (University of Milan, Italy), Herwig C. H. Hofmann (University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg), Oriol Mir Puigpelat (University of Barcelona, Spain) and Jacques Ziller (University of Pavia, Italy)

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