51

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Politikbereich
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Competition Policy and an Internal Energy Market

18-07-2017

This study identifies selected important competition-related issues in the internal energy market. It discusses the role of competition law with respect to the following issues: State aid, congestion management, capacity remuneration mechanisms, balancing markets, effective competition between suppliers, integration of new players in the market, and energy poverty. To tackle these present and possible upcoming issues, the study provides indications regarding the current and future need for applying ...

This study identifies selected important competition-related issues in the internal energy market. It discusses the role of competition law with respect to the following issues: State aid, congestion management, capacity remuneration mechanisms, balancing markets, effective competition between suppliers, integration of new players in the market, and energy poverty. To tackle these present and possible upcoming issues, the study provides indications regarding the current and future need for applying instruments of competition law as well as other types of instruments. The study was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the ECON Committee.

Externe Autor

Robert Haffner, Olga Batura, Karolina Ryszka, Kimberley van den Bergen, Ecorys Netherlands

Low-cost air carriers and tourism

20-06-2017

The liberalisation of air transport, which resulted in the creation of new routes and new business models for airlines, in particular the development of low-cost carriers, has led to lower fares and wider access to air transport. In many countries, air transport is a catalyst for tourism development. As low-cost carriers in the EU have experienced substantial growth, serving mostly short-haul destinations, they are increasingly looking into investing into the long-haul market for their future development ...

The liberalisation of air transport, which resulted in the creation of new routes and new business models for airlines, in particular the development of low-cost carriers, has led to lower fares and wider access to air transport. In many countries, air transport is a catalyst for tourism development. As low-cost carriers in the EU have experienced substantial growth, serving mostly short-haul destinations, they are increasingly looking into investing into the long-haul market for their future development.

Energy consumers in the EU

27-04-2017

Consumers are considered a key element of EU energy legislation and the efforts to achieve a transition to a carbon-free society. Back in 2009, the third energy package, which sought to establish a liberalised internal energy market, granted energy consumers a number of rights, such as the right to an electricity connection, to switch energy providers and to receive clear offers, contracts and energy bills. However, some of these rights have not yet been put into practice: consumers often do not ...

Consumers are considered a key element of EU energy legislation and the efforts to achieve a transition to a carbon-free society. Back in 2009, the third energy package, which sought to establish a liberalised internal energy market, granted energy consumers a number of rights, such as the right to an electricity connection, to switch energy providers and to receive clear offers, contracts and energy bills. However, some of these rights have not yet been put into practice: consumers often do not understand their bills, are unable to compare different offers, are charged for switching, or a switch takes too long. Besides, they do not always seem to be aware of their rights. The ongoing revision of EU energy legislation aims to improve some of the rules concerning consumers and to introduce new rights, such as the right to self-generate and self-consume electricity, to ask for a smart meter, or to engage an aggregator. The European Parliament has repeatedly voiced concern that the truly competitive, transparent and consumer-friendly internal energy market envisaged by the third energy package has yet to materialise and that consumers are still having trouble understanding their bills, offers and contracts. It has called, among other things, for providing consumers with increased protection and clearer information, and for requiring suppliers to automatically put customers on the best possible tariff for their individual circumstances.

Competition Policy and an Internal Energy Market - Study concept and preliminary results

14-04-2017

The study will describe the challenges for competition policy in relation to the internal energy market. It explores the specific topics related to the internal energy market and analyses the competition policy issues arising from the topics. The study will mainly focus on competition policy and its instruments such as anti-trust laws, merger regulation, sector regulation and State aid. Other policy fields fall outside the scope. This presentation of the approach and preliminary results was prepared ...

The study will describe the challenges for competition policy in relation to the internal energy market. It explores the specific topics related to the internal energy market and analyses the competition policy issues arising from the topics. The study will mainly focus on competition policy and its instruments such as anti-trust laws, merger regulation, sector regulation and State aid. Other policy fields fall outside the scope. This presentation of the approach and preliminary results was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

(Neu-)Gestaltung des Elektrizitätsbinnenmarktes

11-04-2017

In der FA wird anscheinend eine gute und verständliche Analyse zur Identifizierung der gegenwärtigen Probleme geliefert, werden die Ziele der EU-Maßnahmen definiert, Maßnahmenoptionen aufgezeigt, durch die diese Ziele erreicht werden können, die Folgen dieser Optionen abgeschätzt und die besten Optionen zur Behandlung der ermittelten Probleme ausgewählt. Es macht den Anschein, dass diese Vorgehensweise auf einer fundierten Datenbasis und Forschung beruht. In der Erklärung der Ziele erscheint die ...

In der FA wird anscheinend eine gute und verständliche Analyse zur Identifizierung der gegenwärtigen Probleme geliefert, werden die Ziele der EU-Maßnahmen definiert, Maßnahmenoptionen aufgezeigt, durch die diese Ziele erreicht werden können, die Folgen dieser Optionen abgeschätzt und die besten Optionen zur Behandlung der ermittelten Probleme ausgewählt. Es macht den Anschein, dass diese Vorgehensweise auf einer fundierten Datenbasis und Forschung beruht. In der Erklärung der Ziele erscheint die Unterscheidung zwischen den in der FA als Teilziele und operative Ziele bezeichneten Aspekten allerdings nicht sehr klar, weshalb Zweifel daran aufkommen, ob das sequentielle Verfahren, das in den Leitlinien zur besseren Rechtsetzung verlangt wird, befolgt wurde. Schließlich wird die Zugänglichkeit der FA durch ihre Länge und Komplexität in gewisser Hinsicht eingeschränkt, obwohl die 16-seitige Zusammenfassung, die als Antwort auf eine Empfehlung des Ausschusses für Regulierungskontrolle hinzugefügt wurde, einen Schritt in die richtige Richtung darstellt.

Überblick über die Gestaltung der Rechtsvorschriften zum Energiebinnenmarkt

23-01-2017

Die neuen Vorschläge stützen sich auf die bisherigen Rechtsvorschriften und dienen weiterhin einer schrittweisen Verwirklichung des Energiebinnenmarkts. Insbesondere sollen jüngste Veränderungen berücksichtigt werden, wie etwa der rasante Anstieg bei den erneuerbaren Energien und die technologischen Fortschritte bei der Digitalisierung der Dienstleistungen. Zudem sollen damit bisherige Rechtsvorschriften klarer gefasst werden, wie beispielsweise im Fall der Energiespeicherung durch Übertragungsnetzbetreiber ...

Die neuen Vorschläge stützen sich auf die bisherigen Rechtsvorschriften und dienen weiterhin einer schrittweisen Verwirklichung des Energiebinnenmarkts. Insbesondere sollen jüngste Veränderungen berücksichtigt werden, wie etwa der rasante Anstieg bei den erneuerbaren Energien und die technologischen Fortschritte bei der Digitalisierung der Dienstleistungen. Zudem sollen damit bisherige Rechtsvorschriften klarer gefasst werden, wie beispielsweise im Fall der Energiespeicherung durch Übertragungsnetzbetreiber. Wie bei den jüngsten Vorschlägen zur Sicherheit der Gasversorgung möchte die Kommission, dass zur Beurteilung des Bedarfs und zur Risikominderung als Standardmöglichkeit ein regionaler Ansatz berücksichtigt wird.

Zugang zum Markt für Hafendienste

07-12-2016

Die Kommission legte 2013 einen Vorschlag für eine neue Verordnung vor, um die wirtschaftliche Effizienz und die finanzielle Transparenz der größten Seehäfen der EU zu verbessern. Nachdem im Trilog Einigung mit dem Rat erzielt wurde, wird nun bei der Plenartagung im Dezember 2016 über die neue Verordnung abgestimmt. Anders als die früheren, abgelehnten Vorschläge lässt dieser die Sozial- und Beschäftigungsbestimmungen der Mitgliedstaaten unberührt.

Die Kommission legte 2013 einen Vorschlag für eine neue Verordnung vor, um die wirtschaftliche Effizienz und die finanzielle Transparenz der größten Seehäfen der EU zu verbessern. Nachdem im Trilog Einigung mit dem Rat erzielt wurde, wird nun bei der Plenartagung im Dezember 2016 über die neue Verordnung abgestimmt. Anders als die früheren, abgelehnten Vorschläge lässt dieser die Sozial- und Beschäftigungsbestimmungen der Mitgliedstaaten unberührt.

Indonesia: Kick-starting a flagging economy?

24-10-2016

Indonesia is by far the largest south-east Asian economy and a member of the G20. Structural problems are preventing the country from achieving its full economic potential and are dragging down growth. President Joko Widodo has set an ambitious economic reform agenda, but there are still enormous obstacles and it is too early to say whether his efforts will have a lasting impact.

Indonesia is by far the largest south-east Asian economy and a member of the G20. Structural problems are preventing the country from achieving its full economic potential and are dragging down growth. President Joko Widodo has set an ambitious economic reform agenda, but there are still enormous obstacles and it is too early to say whether his efforts will have a lasting impact.

Public expectations and EU policies - Energy supply and energy security

30-06-2016

More than half of EU citizens would like to see the EU play a bigger role in energy supply and energy security. The EU was given competences in energy policy by the Lisbon Treaty in 2009. The main objectives of EU energy policy are sustainability, affordability and security of supply. The Energy Union strategy, adopted in 2015, provides a holistic framework for further integration of European energy markets. According to analysis carried out by the European Parliament, a more integrated single market ...

More than half of EU citizens would like to see the EU play a bigger role in energy supply and energy security. The EU was given competences in energy policy by the Lisbon Treaty in 2009. The main objectives of EU energy policy are sustainability, affordability and security of supply. The Energy Union strategy, adopted in 2015, provides a holistic framework for further integration of European energy markets. According to analysis carried out by the European Parliament, a more integrated single market for energy could result in annual efficiency gains worth €250 billion. Energy-related expenditure is spread across different parts of the EU budget. Energy is among the priorities of the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI).

Research for AGRI Committee - The Post-Quotas EU Sugar Sector

03-06-2016

The liberalisation of the sugar market in the EU will bring about changes in the sugar sector. Elimination of production quotas and the minimum price for the purchase of sugar beet will affect competition and sugar production. Foreign trade will play a key role in the market balance. The EU market will become strongly linked to the world market. The sugar sector is of strategic importance and CAP market policy should include instruments that allow the maintenance of sugar production.

The liberalisation of the sugar market in the EU will bring about changes in the sugar sector. Elimination of production quotas and the minimum price for the purchase of sugar beet will affect competition and sugar production. Foreign trade will play a key role in the market balance. The EU market will become strongly linked to the world market. The sugar sector is of strategic importance and CAP market policy should include instruments that allow the maintenance of sugar production.

Externe Autor

Piotr Szajner, Barbara Wieliczko, Marek Wigier, Mariusz Hamulczuk and Wioletta Wrzaszcz (Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics - National Research Institute, Poland)

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