26

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Politikbereich
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Re-use of public sector information

29-07-2019

The mid-term review of the digital single market strategy in 2017 identified the data economy as one of the top three priority areas for action in the second half of the strategy's implementation, and announced a legislative proposal to improve access to and the re-use of publicly funded data. These data, which include geographical, land registry, statistical and legal information, are needed by re-users in the digital economy, and are increasingly employed by public administrations themselves. On ...

The mid-term review of the digital single market strategy in 2017 identified the data economy as one of the top three priority areas for action in the second half of the strategy's implementation, and announced a legislative proposal to improve access to and the re-use of publicly funded data. These data, which include geographical, land registry, statistical and legal information, are needed by re-users in the digital economy, and are increasingly employed by public administrations themselves. On 25 April 2018, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a revision of the directive on the re-use of public sector information, which was presented as part of a package of measures aiming to facilitate the creation of a common data space in the EU. The directive addresses a number of issues, and presents ways to boost the potential of public sector information, including the provision of real-time access to dynamic data, the supply of high-value public data for re-use, the prevention of new forms of exclusive arrangement, and action to limit the use of exceptions to the principle of charging the marginal cost. The European Parliament’s Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) adopted its report on 3 December 2018. An agreement was reached with the Council in trilogue on 22 January 2019. The updated directive was adopted by the Parliament on 4 April and by the Council on 6 June 2019. It was signed by the Presidents of the European Parliament and of the Council on 20 June 2019, and published in the Official Journal of 26 June 2019. The directive came into force on 16 July 2019. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Low-cost air carriers and tourism

20-06-2017

The liberalisation of air transport, which resulted in the creation of new routes and new business models for airlines, in particular the development of low-cost carriers, has led to lower fares and wider access to air transport. In many countries, air transport is a catalyst for tourism development. As low-cost carriers in the EU have experienced substantial growth, serving mostly short-haul destinations, they are increasingly looking into investing into the long-haul market for their future development ...

The liberalisation of air transport, which resulted in the creation of new routes and new business models for airlines, in particular the development of low-cost carriers, has led to lower fares and wider access to air transport. In many countries, air transport is a catalyst for tourism development. As low-cost carriers in the EU have experienced substantial growth, serving mostly short-haul destinations, they are increasingly looking into investing into the long-haul market for their future development.

Statistics on goods transport by inland waterway

19-10-2016

Parliament is due to vote on a legislative proposal to align Regulation (EC) No 1365/2006 with the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) as regards delegated and implementing powers conferred to the European Commission. The overall objective remains unchanged – to help develop EU inland waterway transport by creating statistical standards for quality data collection.

Parliament is due to vote on a legislative proposal to align Regulation (EC) No 1365/2006 with the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) as regards delegated and implementing powers conferred to the European Commission. The overall objective remains unchanged – to help develop EU inland waterway transport by creating statistical standards for quality data collection.

Rail transport statistics in the European Union

19-10-2016

EU transport policy has set itself ambitious goals: among other things, to increase the competitiveness and share of rail freight and passenger services and to create a Single European Railway Area. From this perspective, rail statistics shed a clear light on the EU rail sector and thus help in better evaluating developments in it. At its second October 2016 plenary, the European Parliament is expected to vote on a 2013 proposal for a regulation on rail transport statistics.

EU transport policy has set itself ambitious goals: among other things, to increase the competitiveness and share of rail freight and passenger services and to create a Single European Railway Area. From this perspective, rail statistics shed a clear light on the EU rail sector and thus help in better evaluating developments in it. At its second October 2016 plenary, the European Parliament is expected to vote on a 2013 proposal for a regulation on rail transport statistics.

Schengen Border Controls: Challenges and Policy Options

15-06-2016

This compilation paper revisits the Schengen set up including recent developments triggered by both the migration crisis and terrorism, and subsequently presents and qualifies expert estimates of the potential economic impact stemming from the introduction of ID-checks, including a case study on the very key transport sector. Estimates by the Kiel Institute for the World Economy point at a burden on EU citizens and firms of between €7 and €14 billion for the entire EU. TML-Leuven assessed the cost ...

This compilation paper revisits the Schengen set up including recent developments triggered by both the migration crisis and terrorism, and subsequently presents and qualifies expert estimates of the potential economic impact stemming from the introduction of ID-checks, including a case study on the very key transport sector. Estimates by the Kiel Institute for the World Economy point at a burden on EU citizens and firms of between €7 and €14 billion for the entire EU. TML-Leuven assessed the cost for transport users of reinstating border controls in the entire Schengen area to amount between €2.5 billion and €5 billion annually (waiting times 10-20 minutes for passenger cars and 30-60 minutes for lorries). Effects, however, could prove much more costly if e.g. fullfledged border controls are permanently re-introduced. This paper has been prepared by the Policy Department A at the request of the European Parliament's Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO).

Externe Autor

Matthias LUECKE (Kiel Institute for the World Economy) ; Tim BREEMERSCH and Filip VANHOVE (Transport & Mobility Leuven)

Flughäfen in der EU: Künftige Herausforderungen

09-06-2016

Förderung des Fahrradverkehrs: Ein koordinierter Ansatz für die Radverkehrspolitik der lokalen und regionalen Gebietskörperschaften in der EU

17-05-2016

Eine echte Verlagerung hin zu größerer Radmobilität kann erreicht werden durch fahrradpolitische Maßnahmen, die auf allen Ebenen der öffentlichen Verwaltung koordiniert werden. Aus Subsidiaritätsgründen liegt die Hauptverantwortung für die Fahrradpolitik auf nationaler und lokaler Ebene. Doch könnte die EU die Verstärkung dieser Anstrengungen unterstützen, indem sie ein Strategiedokument entwickelt, in dem alle Politikfelder mit Auswirkung auf den Radverkehr in einem Text zusammengefasst sind. In ...

Eine echte Verlagerung hin zu größerer Radmobilität kann erreicht werden durch fahrradpolitische Maßnahmen, die auf allen Ebenen der öffentlichen Verwaltung koordiniert werden. Aus Subsidiaritätsgründen liegt die Hauptverantwortung für die Fahrradpolitik auf nationaler und lokaler Ebene. Doch könnte die EU die Verstärkung dieser Anstrengungen unterstützen, indem sie ein Strategiedokument entwickelt, in dem alle Politikfelder mit Auswirkung auf den Radverkehr in einem Text zusammengefasst sind. In Verbindung mit einer angemessenen Finanzierung könnte so ein starkes Signal an alle Ebenen der öffentlichen Verwaltung ausgehen, dass das Radfahren als Verkehrsmittel, das die Verkehrsüberlastung und Luftverschmutzung in Städten senken und gleichzeitig die Gesundheit der Bevölkerung verbessern kann, ernst genommen wird.

Research for TRAN Committee - Transport and Tourism in Romania

15-03-2016

This overview of the transport and tourism sectors in Romania was prepared to provide the information for the mission of the Transport and Tourism Committee to Romania (29-31 March 2016).

This overview of the transport and tourism sectors in Romania was prepared to provide the information for the mission of the Transport and Tourism Committee to Romania (29-31 March 2016).

Research for TRAN Committee - Connectivity and Accessibility of Transport Infrastructure in Central and Eastern European EU Member States

01-03-2016

Since the pre-accession phases, the Member States located in Central and Eastern Europe have been receiving EU funding to be invested in transport infrastructure. These investments have improved connectivity and accessibility in these Member States substantially. This note shows, however, that gaps remain. It also analyses how current policy instruments could contribute to close such gaps, and how this policy could be improved.

Since the pre-accession phases, the Member States located in Central and Eastern Europe have been receiving EU funding to be invested in transport infrastructure. These investments have improved connectivity and accessibility in these Member States substantially. This note shows, however, that gaps remain. It also analyses how current policy instruments could contribute to close such gaps, and how this policy could be improved.

Externe Autor

Wolfgang Schade, Werner Rothengatter and Simon Mader

Research for TRAN Committee - Transport and Tourism in Finland

15-01-2016

This overview of the transport and tourism sectors in Finland was prepared to provide information for the mission of the Transport and Tourism Committee to Finland (8-11 February 2016).

This overview of the transport and tourism sectors in Finland was prepared to provide information for the mission of the Transport and Tourism Committee to Finland (8-11 February 2016).

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