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Untersuchung für den REGI-Ausschuss - Wirtschaftliche, soziale und territoriale Lage Portugals

13-03-2019

Dieses Briefing wurde in Vorbereitung der Reise einer Delegation des Ausschusses für regionale Entwicklung nach Portugal vom 27. Februar bis 1. März 2019 verfasst.

Dieses Briefing wurde in Vorbereitung der Reise einer Delegation des Ausschusses für regionale Entwicklung nach Portugal vom 27. Februar bis 1. März 2019 verfasst.

Harnessing globalisation for local and regional authorities: Challenges and possible solutions

29-09-2017

Globalisation has various positive and negative aspects. On the positive side, economic opportunities can emerge. Exports may flourish, companies may find new global customers, knowledge may be easily circulated, and trade may pick up, thus stimulating economic growth. Interaction through new technological instruments helps to interconnect people in different parts of the world. However, globalisation may also have disadvantages. For instance, various EU industries (e.g. coal, steel, iron, shipbuilding ...

Globalisation has various positive and negative aspects. On the positive side, economic opportunities can emerge. Exports may flourish, companies may find new global customers, knowledge may be easily circulated, and trade may pick up, thus stimulating economic growth. Interaction through new technological instruments helps to interconnect people in different parts of the world. However, globalisation may also have disadvantages. For instance, various EU industries (e.g. coal, steel, iron, shipbuilding, automotive and textiles) have been affected by global competition, and have had to downsize their activities. Cheap imports of non-EU manufacturing goods have led to the decline of various EU industrial sectors, but also to relocations, closures and redundancies. In addition, globalisation has an environmental, demographic, technological and cultural dimension. The impact of globalisation therefore affects the activities and development of regional and local entities within the EU. In order to address all these issues, the European Commission has presented a reflection paper on harnessing globalisation. This briefing addresses some of the most important challenges that globalisation brings to EU regions, and sets out ideas that may be useful in tackling these challenges. Harnessing globalisation requires a holistic approach. European, national and local synergies will have to be established to address the multi-layered challenges stemming from globalisation. Serious thinking will have to be done on how to empower local and regional authorities in order to address these challenges successfully.

Kohäsionspolitik: Ausblick zum Thema technische Hilfe

10-05-2017

Technische Hilfe kann sehr wertvoll sein, wenn es gilt, die Planung und tatsächliche Verwendung der Unionsmittel zu unterstützen. Sie kann unter anderem die Einrichtungen stärken und die Verwaltungskapazität im Hinblick auf ein wirksames Management der Unionsmittel fördern. Auf der Tagesordnung des Europäischen Parlaments für seine Plenartagung im Mai steht ein Bericht, in dem verschiedene Vorschläge unterbreitet werden, wie technische Hilfe wirksamer gestaltet werden könnte.

Technische Hilfe kann sehr wertvoll sein, wenn es gilt, die Planung und tatsächliche Verwendung der Unionsmittel zu unterstützen. Sie kann unter anderem die Einrichtungen stärken und die Verwaltungskapazität im Hinblick auf ein wirksames Management der Unionsmittel fördern. Auf der Tagesordnung des Europäischen Parlaments für seine Plenartagung im Mai steht ein Bericht, in dem verschiedene Vorschläge unterbreitet werden, wie technische Hilfe wirksamer gestaltet werden könnte.

Bridging the rural-urban divide: Rural-urban partnerships in the EU

05-01-2016

In today's Europe, the traditional rural-urban dichotomy seems no longer relevant from a territorial development point of view. The boundaries of both rural and urban regions are becoming increasingly blurred, and traditional geographic definitions no longer fully reflect the reality of areas connected by a range of complex socio-economic linkages. At the European level, statistical methods have been refined to better reflect this complexity and provide a clearer view of the European Union's territory ...

In today's Europe, the traditional rural-urban dichotomy seems no longer relevant from a territorial development point of view. The boundaries of both rural and urban regions are becoming increasingly blurred, and traditional geographic definitions no longer fully reflect the reality of areas connected by a range of complex socio-economic linkages. At the European level, statistical methods have been refined to better reflect this complexity and provide a clearer view of the European Union's territory according to a new rural-urban typology. Both types of regions have different assets and resources which can be used in a complementary manner. At the rural/urban interface, however, conflicts can arise in connection to land use, whenever cities spread over what used to be agricultural land. Studies on the nature and extent of urban/rural linkages have identified the key concept of 'functional regions', which are defined by their socio-economic integration rather than by administrative boundaries. In all EU Member States, local and regional authorities have built rural-urban partnerships to better harness the potential of such regions. Over the past two decades, the EU has supported numerous projects and studies to assess the value of these partnerships and the way they can contribute to the objective of greater territorial cohesion. The policy framework for 2014-2020, which reflects the objectives of the EU 2020 strategy and offers better coordination of structural funds as well as new tools fostering integrated strategies, puts even greater emphasis on rural-urban interaction, allowing Member States to invest in mixed areas in a more targeted way. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC)

02-10-2015

The European integration process has redefined the map of Europe, changing the fortunes of Europe's border regions from peripheral areas to poles of potential growth. Their development has been spurred by European territorial cooperation, with EGTCs playing a leading role in this EU success story. An EGTC enables entities from two or more Member States to work together under a common structure with legal personality. Its objective is to facilitate and promote cross-border, transnational and inter-regional ...

The European integration process has redefined the map of Europe, changing the fortunes of Europe's border regions from peripheral areas to poles of potential growth. Their development has been spurred by European territorial cooperation, with EGTCs playing a leading role in this EU success story. An EGTC enables entities from two or more Member States to work together under a common structure with legal personality. Its objective is to facilitate and promote cross-border, transnational and inter-regional cooperation. Flexible in structure, it is the first EU legal instrument that allows local and regional authorities to cooperate without the need for an agreement ratified at Member State level. To date, a total of 55 EGTCs have been established across 20 Member States covering such areas as operation of cross-border facilities, tourism development and protection of natural heritage. The 2014-20 legislative framework has consolidated the role of EGTCs, with €10 billion available for European territorial cooperation. Numerous challenges remain, however, among them the fact that individual national legal or administrative systems are not always compatible with one another. Discussions on the EGTC are being taken forward by the Luxembourg Presidency of the Council of the EU in the second half of 2015. A public consultation launched by the European Commission in September 2015 will consider the barriers to cross-border cooperation, with a Commission report on the application of the EGTC Regulation due by 1 August 2018.

Community-led local development

12-03-2015

Community-led local development (CLLD) is an approach to territorial development whereby local actors, who are best placed to identify challenges and make the most of local assets, work in partnership to design and implement their own strategies in order to meet development needs in their area. Having supported this approach in rural areas for more than 20 years, the EU is now putting further emphasis on it by extending the scope for funding and introducing more coherence therein.

Community-led local development (CLLD) is an approach to territorial development whereby local actors, who are best placed to identify challenges and make the most of local assets, work in partnership to design and implement their own strategies in order to meet development needs in their area. Having supported this approach in rural areas for more than 20 years, the EU is now putting further emphasis on it by extending the scope for funding and introducing more coherence therein.

Strategische Kohärenz der Kohäsionspolitik: Vergleich der Programmplanungszeiträume 2007–2013 und 2014–2020

16-02-2015

Die Studie zielt darauf ab, die Entwicklung und die Umsetzung der strategischen Kohärenz der Kohäsionspolitik im Zeitraum 2014–2020 zu bewerten. Aus der Studie, die auf der Grundlage einer Dokumentenanalyse und von Gesprächen mit Behörden der Mitgliedstaaten durchgeführt wurde, geht hervor, dass im Vergleich zum vorangegangenen Zeitraum allgemeine Verbesserungen zu verzeichnen sind. In der Studie wird jedoch auch eine Reihe von Herausforderungen hervorgehoben, die sowohl auf nationaler als auch auf ...

Die Studie zielt darauf ab, die Entwicklung und die Umsetzung der strategischen Kohärenz der Kohäsionspolitik im Zeitraum 2014–2020 zu bewerten. Aus der Studie, die auf der Grundlage einer Dokumentenanalyse und von Gesprächen mit Behörden der Mitgliedstaaten durchgeführt wurde, geht hervor, dass im Vergleich zum vorangegangenen Zeitraum allgemeine Verbesserungen zu verzeichnen sind. In der Studie wird jedoch auch eine Reihe von Herausforderungen hervorgehoben, die sowohl auf nationaler als auch auf europäischer Ebene bei der Sicherstellung eines strategisch kohärenten Ansatzes zwischen den verschiedenen Europäischen Struktur- und Investitionsfonds und mit anderen EU-Maßnahmen auftreten.

Externe Autor

Stefan Kah, Carlos Mendez, John Bachtler and Stephen Miller (EPRC)

Economic, Social and Territorial Situation of Ireland

14-03-2014

This analysis provides an overview of Ireland's economic, political and administrative framework for EU Cohesion Policy, as well as its National Strategic Reference Framework for the 2007-2013 period. The paper also gives an insight into Ireland's preparations for the implementation of the new Cohesion Policy for the 2014-2020 period. The analysis has been prepared in the context of the Committee on Regional Development's delegation to Ireland in March 2014.

This analysis provides an overview of Ireland's economic, political and administrative framework for EU Cohesion Policy, as well as its National Strategic Reference Framework for the 2007-2013 period. The paper also gives an insight into Ireland's preparations for the implementation of the new Cohesion Policy for the 2014-2020 period. The analysis has been prepared in the context of the Committee on Regional Development's delegation to Ireland in March 2014.

Economic, Social and Territorial Situation of Croatia

15-01-2013

This note provides an overview of Croatia, its political, economic and administrative system, together with a description of European Union support to Croatia, and the planned cohesion policy budget for the period 2007-2013. Special attention is given to the pre-accession support of the European Union for Croatia. The note has been prepared in the context of the foreseen accession of the Republic of Croatia to the European Union.

This note provides an overview of Croatia, its political, economic and administrative system, together with a description of European Union support to Croatia, and the planned cohesion policy budget for the period 2007-2013. Special attention is given to the pre-accession support of the European Union for Croatia. The note has been prepared in the context of the foreseen accession of the Republic of Croatia to the European Union.

Wege zur Integration der EU-Leitinitiativen in die Kohäsionspolitik

15-06-2012

Im Mittelpunkt dieser Studie steht die Strategie Europa 2020, wobei insbesondere auf deren sieben Leitinitiativen (Innovationsunion, Digitale Agenda, Industriepolitik, Ressourcenschonendes Europa, Jugend in Bewegung, neue Kompetenzen und neue Beschäftigungsmöglichkeiten und die Europäische Plattform zur Bekämpfung der Armut) eingegangen wird. Es wird analysiert, inwieweit diese mit Blick auf den Programmplanungszeitraum 2014-2020 mit der Kohäsionspolitik kohärent sind, und es werden Wege zur Einbeziehung ...

Im Mittelpunkt dieser Studie steht die Strategie Europa 2020, wobei insbesondere auf deren sieben Leitinitiativen (Innovationsunion, Digitale Agenda, Industriepolitik, Ressourcenschonendes Europa, Jugend in Bewegung, neue Kompetenzen und neue Beschäftigungsmöglichkeiten und die Europäische Plattform zur Bekämpfung der Armut) eingegangen wird. Es wird analysiert, inwieweit diese mit Blick auf den Programmplanungszeitraum 2014-2020 mit der Kohäsionspolitik kohärent sind, und es werden Wege zur Einbeziehung der Leitinitiativen in den zukünftigen Gemeinsamen Strategischen Rahmen aufgezeigt. Anhand einer Reihe von detaillierten Fallstudien werden in dem Bericht eingehend die Erfahrungen untersucht, die bei der Umsetzung der Lissabon-Strategie im Zusammenhang mit den Strukturfonds gemacht wurden. Für jede Leitinitiative werden detaillierte Fahrpläne aufgestellt, die aufzeigen, welche Maßnahmen wann, wie und von wem kurz-, mittel- und langfristig ergriffen werden sollten. Schließlich enthält der Bericht Empfehlungen zur Umsetzung der Leitinitiativen mithilfe der Instrumente der Kohäsionspolitik.

Externe Autor

Herta Tödtling–Schönhofer, Christine Hamza, Angelos Sanopoulos and Alice Radzyner (Metis GmbH) , John Bachtler and Stefan Kah (EPRC, University of Strathclyde)

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