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Corruption and human rights in third countries: developments in EU external action since 2017

02-09-2021

In 2017, the European Parliament adopted a Resolution on corruption and human rights in third countries (hereinafter ‘EP 2017 Resolution’) which included a set of practical recommendations on corruption and human rights in EU external relations. This briefing analyses the progress made by EU actors in implementing those recommendations. It focuses on development and human rights tools addressed in the EP 2017 Resolution, including EU funded projects and programmes, technical cooperation, EU human ...

In 2017, the European Parliament adopted a Resolution on corruption and human rights in third countries (hereinafter ‘EP 2017 Resolution’) which included a set of practical recommendations on corruption and human rights in EU external relations. This briefing analyses the progress made by EU actors in implementing those recommendations. It focuses on development and human rights tools addressed in the EP 2017 Resolution, including EU funded projects and programmes, technical cooperation, EU human rights dialogues and public diplomacy, as well as support for whistle-blowers and civil society organisations exposing corruption. It concludes that, while action has been taken on various fronts to support anti-corruption efforts in third countries following the recommendations, a more systematic approach to corruption and human rights could be taken in some areas. Cooperation between EU actors and enhanced capacity building on corruption and human rights are also key elements for a successful anti-corruption strategy in EU external action.

Externe Autor

Rosana GARCIANDIA

The European Commission's legislative proposals in the New Pact on Migration and Asylum

30-07-2021

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs on request of the Parliament’s Committee on Civil Liberties and Justice, aims to provide a detailed mapping and analysis of the central legal changes and issues characterising the five main legislative proposals accompanying the Pact on Migration and Asylum, presented by the Commission in September 2020. The legislative instruments under consideration include a new Screening Regulation ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs on request of the Parliament’s Committee on Civil Liberties and Justice, aims to provide a detailed mapping and analysis of the central legal changes and issues characterising the five main legislative proposals accompanying the Pact on Migration and Asylum, presented by the Commission in September 2020. The legislative instruments under consideration include a new Screening Regulation, an amended proposal for an Asylum Procedures Regulation, an amended proposal revising the Eurodac Regulation, a new Asylum and Migration Management Regulation, and a new Crisis and Force Majeure Regulation. As a second step, the study provides a critical assessment of the five proposals as to their legal coherence, fundamental rights compliance, and application of the principle of solidarity and fair sharing of responsibility enshrined in Article 80 TFEU.

Externe Autor

Evelien BROUWER; Giuseppe CAMPESI ; Sergio CARRERA, Roberto CORTINOVIS, Eleni KARAGEORGIOU, Jens VEDSTED-HANSEN, Lina VOSYLIŪTĖ

New EU strategic priorities for the Sahel: Addressing regional challenges through better governance

09-07-2021

Recent events have shown that the Sahel region remains highly politically unstable. The military takeover of the Chadian government following President Idriss Déby's sudden death in April 2021 and the repercussions of the August 2020 and May 2021 military coups in Mali are worrying signs of weak democratic governance structures. Burkina Faso's transitional democracy has also been severely destabilised by the activities of extremist groups and internal conflicts. This political fragility and the lack ...

Recent events have shown that the Sahel region remains highly politically unstable. The military takeover of the Chadian government following President Idriss Déby's sudden death in April 2021 and the repercussions of the August 2020 and May 2021 military coups in Mali are worrying signs of weak democratic governance structures. Burkina Faso's transitional democracy has also been severely destabilised by the activities of extremist groups and internal conflicts. This political fragility and the lack of government legitimacy have made the responses to the Sahel's security and humanitarian issues all the more challenging. The continued threat posed by terrorist armed groups and rising intercommunal violence over land and resources have led to both internal and cross-border displacements in Sahel countries. Meanwhile, the inadequacy of governance mechanisms for managing this displacement, compounded by environmental degradation, resource scarcity and population growth, has created a severe humanitarian crisis. Since 2011, the European Union (EU) strategy for the Sahel has focused on both security and development to address these numerous and interconnected challenges. However, EU efforts have remained dominated by a military approach to tackle rising terrorist activity, achieving concrete results but ultimately falling short of long-term regional stability. The new EU integrated strategy in the Sahel aims to strengthen action at the political level, focusing on governance mechanisms, human rights, and collaboration with civil society and local authorities, while maintaining security cooperation with states in the region.

Mali: Yet another coup

16-06-2021

On 24 May 2021, the Malian transitional government suffered a coup – the second in nine months – which cast a shadow on the transition process that should lead to a presidential election in early 2022. These developments risk further destabilising the Sahel and challenge the implementation of the new EU strategy in the region.

On 24 May 2021, the Malian transitional government suffered a coup – the second in nine months – which cast a shadow on the transition process that should lead to a presidential election in early 2022. These developments risk further destabilising the Sahel and challenge the implementation of the new EU strategy in the region.

EU-Konzept zur Migration im Mittelmeerraum

11-06-2021

In dieser Studie, die von der Fachabteilung Bürgerrechte und konstitutionelle Angelegenheiten des Europäischen Parlaments auf Ersuchen des LIBE-Ausschusses in Auftrag gegeben wurde, wird das EU-Konzept zur Migration im Mittelmeerraum untersucht, die Entwicklungen von der Flüchtlingskrise bis zur COVID-19- Pandemie abgedeckt und die Auswirkungen dieser Ereignisse auf die Gestaltung, Umsetzung und Reform der EU-Politik in den Bereichen Asyl, Migration und Kontrolle an den Außengrenzen bewertet. ...

In dieser Studie, die von der Fachabteilung Bürgerrechte und konstitutionelle Angelegenheiten des Europäischen Parlaments auf Ersuchen des LIBE-Ausschusses in Auftrag gegeben wurde, wird das EU-Konzept zur Migration im Mittelmeerraum untersucht, die Entwicklungen von der Flüchtlingskrise bis zur COVID-19- Pandemie abgedeckt und die Auswirkungen dieser Ereignisse auf die Gestaltung, Umsetzung und Reform der EU-Politik in den Bereichen Asyl, Migration und Kontrolle an den Außengrenzen bewertet. Die Studie umfasst eine Überprüfung des Sachstands der einschlägigen EU-Rechtsvorschriften und ihrer Umsetzung, eine Bewertung der Lage im Mittelmeerraum und eine gründliche Prüfung der externen Dimension mit Schwerpunkt auf der Zusammenarbeit mit Drittländern (Türkei, Libyen und Niger) unter Einbeziehung menschen- und flüchtlingsrechtlicher Überlegungen sowie einer Analyse der Auswirkungen der Mittelzuweisungen im Rahmen des Treuhandfonds für Afrika und der Fazilität für Flüchtlinge in der Türkei. Das Hauptziel besteht darin, die korrekte Anwendung des EU-Rechts und des Völkerrechts zu prüfen, und zwar im Hinblick auf die zunehmenden Vorwürfe von Menschenrechtsverletzungen, ungebührlicher Kriminalisierung und Mittäterschaft der EU bei Gräuelverbrechen gegen Migranten auf See, die in Libyen gestrandet sind oder in Niger und der Türkei aufgehalten werden. Die Rolle der EU-Agenturen (Frontex und EASO) wird ebenso bewertet wie die von den Mitgliedstaaten ergriffenen bilateralen oder multilateralen Initiativen, wobei der Grundsatz der Solidarität als horizontales Anliegen berücksichtigt wird.

Externe Autor

Violeta MORENO-LAX,Jennifer ALLSOPP,Evangelia (Lilian) TSOURDI,Philippe DE BRUYCKER,Andreina DE LEO

Preparing the CSDP for the new security environment created by climate change

10-06-2021

While the European Union has developed a number of policy commitments and instruments to deal with the nexus between climate change and security, the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) has lagged behind. This study discusses the security implications of climate change in the EU Neighbourhood and makes recommendations concerning how the CSDP might integrate climate factors into its mission and deliverables. The CSDP will need to adopt a place-specific approach that foregrounds the distinctive ...

While the European Union has developed a number of policy commitments and instruments to deal with the nexus between climate change and security, the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) has lagged behind. This study discusses the security implications of climate change in the EU Neighbourhood and makes recommendations concerning how the CSDP might integrate climate factors into its mission and deliverables. The CSDP will need to adopt a place-specific approach that foregrounds the distinctive social, political and economic dynamics through which climate factors makes themselves felt in different partner countries. The analysis looks in particular depth at the Sahel and the Horn of Africa as two regions where CSDP missions already operate or are likely to operate in the future. Countries in these regions are highly vulnerable to the interaction between a degraded environment and climate change impacts, raising the prospects of humanitarian crises due to food insecurity and internal instability due to competition for resources. These problems compound the EU’s prominent security concerns of terrorism and migration. The EU can move to climate-proof the CSDP through better conflict intelligence and foresight, carefully adapted and adequately resourced mandates, climate-change proofing investments in equipment and infrastructure, and better links to local social and institutional dynamics. The European Parliament should deploy its considerable political capital to support such initiatives, through resolutions, engagement with the UN and other inter-parliamentary fora, and efforts to garner political commitment from the Member States.

Externe Autor

•Christoph MEYER, Professor of Professor of European & International Politics, King’s College London •Francesca VANTAGGIATO, Lecturer in Public Policy, King’s College London, •Richard YOUNGS, Senior Fellow, Carnegie Europe and Professor of International Relations, University of Warwick

Europäisches Solidaritätskorps 2021–2027

12-05-2021

Das Europäische Solidaritätskorps ist in den Prioritäten der Kommission für das aktuelle Mandat unter der Überschrift 5 „Förderung unserer europäischen Lebensweise“ aufgeführt. Anfangs litt das Programm unter Imageproblemen und unzureichender Kommunikation, da es mit anderen seit langem bestehenden Programmen für ähnliche Tätigkeiten konkurrierte. Mit der derzeit vorgeschlagenen Verordnung wird das Programm zu einer zentralen Anlaufstelle für alle solidarischen und humanitären Freiwilligentätigkeiten ...

Das Europäische Solidaritätskorps ist in den Prioritäten der Kommission für das aktuelle Mandat unter der Überschrift 5 „Förderung unserer europäischen Lebensweise“ aufgeführt. Anfangs litt das Programm unter Imageproblemen und unzureichender Kommunikation, da es mit anderen seit langem bestehenden Programmen für ähnliche Tätigkeiten konkurrierte. Mit der derzeit vorgeschlagenen Verordnung wird das Programm zu einer zentralen Anlaufstelle für alle solidarischen und humanitären Freiwilligentätigkeiten für junge Menschen. Das Europäische Parlament wird voraussichtlich auf der Plenartagung im Mai in zweiter Lesung über den im Rahmen der interinstitutionellen Verhandlungen vereinbarten Text abstimmen.

Eine neue Strategie EU-Afrika – eine Partnerschaft für nachhaltige und inklusive Entwicklung

22-03-2021

Die Europäische Union (EU) und die Afrikanische Union (AU) verfolgen in einer Reihe von Bereichen, wie etwa der Bekämpfung des Klimawandels und der Förderung eines nachhaltigen, beschäftigungswirksamen Wirtschaftswachstums in Afrika, ähnliche Interessen. Sie müssen jedoch noch eine gemeinsame Grundlage im Hinblick auf Migration, Sicherheitsmanagement und Grundwerte finden. Im März 2020 schlugen die Europäische Kommission und der Hohe Vertreter der Union für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik und Vizepräsident ...

Die Europäische Union (EU) und die Afrikanische Union (AU) verfolgen in einer Reihe von Bereichen, wie etwa der Bekämpfung des Klimawandels und der Förderung eines nachhaltigen, beschäftigungswirksamen Wirtschaftswachstums in Afrika, ähnliche Interessen. Sie müssen jedoch noch eine gemeinsame Grundlage im Hinblick auf Migration, Sicherheitsmanagement und Grundwerte finden. Im März 2020 schlugen die Europäische Kommission und der Hohe Vertreter der Union für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik und Vizepräsident der Kommission (HV/VP) vor, eine neue und umfassende Partnerschaft mit Afrika aufzubauen, und betonten die Bereitschaft der EU, die Verbindungen zwischen den beiden Kontinenten zu stärken. Im Einklang mit dieser vorgeschlagenen Partnerschaft befasst sich das Europäische Parlament voraussichtlich während seiner März-II-Plenartagung mit einem Initiativbericht.

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - February 2021

04-02-2021

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

International Agreements in Progress - After Cotonou: Towards a new agreement with the African, Caribbean and Pacific states

20-01-2021

The Cotonou partnership agreement between the European Union (EU) and the African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) states was due to expire in February 2020. The then ACP Group of States – which later became the Organisation of the ACP States (OACPS) – and the EU started negotiations for a 'post-Cotonou' agreement in September 2018. This time around, the main challenge for the EU is to maintain its cooperation with the three OACPS sub-regions and to continue to promote the values enshrined in the EU ...

The Cotonou partnership agreement between the European Union (EU) and the African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) states was due to expire in February 2020. The then ACP Group of States – which later became the Organisation of the ACP States (OACPS) – and the EU started negotiations for a 'post-Cotonou' agreement in September 2018. This time around, the main challenge for the EU is to maintain its cooperation with the three OACPS sub-regions and to continue to promote the values enshrined in the EU Treaties. At the same time, the new partnership should take into account the United Nations' sustainable development goals, the redefinition of the EU's strategies for the regions concerned, the ACP states' new ambitions and the changing balance of power at the global level. Both the EU and the OACPS have agreed on the principle of a common foundation complemented by three regional protocols. These multi-level negotiations, the coronavirus crisis and difficulties in reaching agreement on sensitive issues, such as migration management and sexual and reproductive health and rights, prevented the new agreement from being finalised by the initial expiry date set in the Cotonou Agreement. Thus, to avoid a legal vacuum in relations, the provisions of this agreement were extended until the end of 2021. After two years of negotiations, a political deal was reached in December 2020, including on the most complex issues. The European Parliament insisted on maintaining the ACP-EU joint parliamentary assembly and was successful in this endeavour; in addition, three regional parliamentary assemblies will be created in the future institutional set-up of the partnership.

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EPRS online Book Talk with David Harley: Inside the room - Shaping Europe, 1992-2010
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Turning the tide on cancer: the national parliaments' view on Europe's Cancer Plan
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