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Implementation of Directive 2011/36/EU: Migration and gender issues

15-09-2020

Directive 2011/36/EU (Anti-Trafficking Directive) is the benchmark legislation on the fight against human trafficking at European level. The aim of this European implementation assessment is to gather evidence on the progress and challenges that occur in the implementation of the directive in the Member States, with a double focus: the migratory context and gender issues. Almost 10 years after its adoption, the Anti-Trafficking Directive remains a valuable tool in combating trafficking in human beings ...

Directive 2011/36/EU (Anti-Trafficking Directive) is the benchmark legislation on the fight against human trafficking at European level. The aim of this European implementation assessment is to gather evidence on the progress and challenges that occur in the implementation of the directive in the Member States, with a double focus: the migratory context and gender issues. Almost 10 years after its adoption, the Anti-Trafficking Directive remains a valuable tool in combating trafficking in human beings in the European Union (EU). Nevertheless, the evaluation points out the need to continue efforts to ensure the application of its provisions in all the directive's main aspects. The persisting grey areas and obstacles are significant enough to put the full achievement of the directive's objectives at risk.

Study in focus; Employment and social situation in Germany

15-07-2020

The note provides a summary of key findings from the study of the labour market and social situation in Germany including major trends, policy responses and challenges for the future. The note covers aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The note provides a summary of key findings from the study of the labour market and social situation in Germany including major trends, policy responses and challenges for the future. The note covers aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Verstärkung der Maßnahmen zur Integration der Roma

06-07-2020

Die Europäische Kommission hat mitgeteilt, dass sie beabsichtigt, bis Ende des Jahres einen neuen EU-Politikrahmen für die Bekämpfung der sozioökonomischen Ausgrenzung und Diskriminierung von Menschen mit Roma-Hintergrund anzunehmen. Das Europäische Parlament arbeitet derzeit ausführliche Empfehlungen aus. In der Zwischenzeit sind eine Aussprache und Erklärungen des Rates und der Kommission während der Plenartagung im Juli vorgesehen.

Die Europäische Kommission hat mitgeteilt, dass sie beabsichtigt, bis Ende des Jahres einen neuen EU-Politikrahmen für die Bekämpfung der sozioökonomischen Ausgrenzung und Diskriminierung von Menschen mit Roma-Hintergrund anzunehmen. Das Europäische Parlament arbeitet derzeit ausführliche Empfehlungen aus. In der Zwischenzeit sind eine Aussprache und Erklärungen des Rates und der Kommission während der Plenartagung im Juli vorgesehen.

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - July 2020

03-07-2020

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Discriminatory Laws Undermining Women’s Rights

20-05-2020

This paper provides insight into the current situation and recent trends in the abolition or reform of discriminatory laws undermining women's rights in countries outside the European Union (EU). The paper aims to provide a nuanced understanding of processes through which legal reforms take place. Among the factors that have proven to facilitate legal reform are the ratification of international human rights treaties, feminist activism, legal and public advocacy by women’s rights and other human ...

This paper provides insight into the current situation and recent trends in the abolition or reform of discriminatory laws undermining women's rights in countries outside the European Union (EU). The paper aims to provide a nuanced understanding of processes through which legal reforms take place. Among the factors that have proven to facilitate legal reform are the ratification of international human rights treaties, feminist activism, legal and public advocacy by women’s rights and other human rights non-governmental organisations (NGOs), political dialogue, and increased women's representation in decision-making processes. Incremental steps supported by the EU towards the abolition of discriminatory laws across all legal categories, EU engagement with a broad range of stakeholders at both national and local levels, programmes supporting the gathering of gender-disaggregated data across all sectors and the publicising of data to draw attention to gender inequality in law and practice, among others, can all contribute towards successful reform of discriminatory laws. Striking the right balance between funding programmes that mainstream gender and funding dedicated to gender-targeted programmes, together with the increased use of country gender profiles, are essential in order to achieve quality legal reforms.

Externe Autor

Mr. Paul DALTON, Ms. Deniz DEVRIM, Mr. Roland BLOMEYER, Ms. Senni MUT-TRACY

The rights of LGBTI people in the European Union

18-05-2020

The prohibition of discrimination and the protection of human rights are important elements of the EU legal order. Nevertheless, discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people persists throughout the EU and takes various forms, including verbal abuse and physical violence. Sexual orientation is now recognised in EU law as grounds of discrimination. However, the scope of the provisions dealing with this issue is limited and does not cover social protection, ...

The prohibition of discrimination and the protection of human rights are important elements of the EU legal order. Nevertheless, discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people persists throughout the EU and takes various forms, including verbal abuse and physical violence. Sexual orientation is now recognised in EU law as grounds of discrimination. However, the scope of the provisions dealing with this issue is limited and does not cover social protection, healthcare, education or access to goods and services, leaving LGBTI people particularly vulnerable in these areas. Moreover, EU competence does not extend to recognition of marital or family status. In this area, national regulations vary, with some Member States offering same-sex couples the right to marry, others allowing alternative forms of registration, and yet others not providing any legal status for same-sex couples. Same-sex couples may or may not have the right to adopt children and to access assisted reproduction. These divergent legal statuses have implications, for instance, for partners from two Member States with different standards who want to formalise/legalise their relationship, or for same-sex couples and their families wishing to move to another Member State. Combating discrimination has become part of EU internal and external policies, and is the subject of numerous resolutions of the European Parliament. However, action in this area remains problematic when it touches on issues pertaining to areas traditionally the preserve of Member States, such as marital status and family law. This is a further updated version of a briefing originally drafted by Piotr Bakowski. The previous edition was published in May 2019.

Unaccompanied migrant children in Greece: New relocation scheme

15-05-2020

In response to increased migratory pressure in Greece along the EU's external border with Turkey in recent months, and following the Greek government's request for support under Article 78(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), the European Commission has launched a new relocation scheme to speed up the relocation of unaccompanied minors from the Greek islands to other EU Member States. Commissioner for Home Affairs Ylva Johansson, who has been entrusted with taking this ...

In response to increased migratory pressure in Greece along the EU's external border with Turkey in recent months, and following the Greek government's request for support under Article 78(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), the European Commission has launched a new relocation scheme to speed up the relocation of unaccompanied minors from the Greek islands to other EU Member States. Commissioner for Home Affairs Ylva Johansson, who has been entrusted with taking this process forward, will also work in coordination with the Greek government and stakeholders to find sustainable ways to ensure that unaccompanied minors staying in the first-line reception and identification centres ('hotspots') on the Greek islands receive the care and protection they are entitled to. Regardless of a child's reasons for migrating, their situation or status, they all are first and foremost children and have rights as such. Unaccompanied children or children who have been separated from their parents along the way, are, moreover, entitled to special protection under international human rights and European Union asylum law. All too often, however, their rights and needs are neglected. Human rights organisations have repeatedly denounced the precarious and difficult conditions in which unaccompanied minors are living in the Greek hotspots. The proposed relocation initiative is urgently needed. However, the ongoing political and academic debate also shows a clear need for more structural solutions, in the form of more solidarity and responsibility-sharing among EU Member States, and a coordinated, child rights-based approach to addressing the many protection gaps unaccompanied children face when arriving in Europe.

Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies up to 2020: European Implementation Assessment

23-04-2020

This study provides a review of the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies (NRIS) up to 2020. It was produced at the request of the Committee for Civil Liberties. Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) and the Committee for Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL) to feed into the discussions regarding the post-2020 Framework. The study provides a synthesis of evaluations and opinions of the Framework. It gives an appreciation of the coordination, consultation and monitoring structures and the ...

This study provides a review of the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies (NRIS) up to 2020. It was produced at the request of the Committee for Civil Liberties. Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) and the Committee for Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL) to feed into the discussions regarding the post-2020 Framework. The study provides a synthesis of evaluations and opinions of the Framework. It gives an appreciation of the coordination, consultation and monitoring structures and the way they work out in practice. It also looks at the interplay with other EU legal, funding and policy instruments. It then reviews the main policy objectives, namely (Roma access to) education, employment, health, housing, as well as anti-discrimination and anti-gypsyism.

Die Beschäftigungssituation und die soziale Lage in Deutschland

15-04-2020

In dieser Studie über die Beschäftigungssituation und die soziale Lage in Deutschland werden die wichtigsten Entwicklungen im Bereich der Beschäftigung einschließlich atypischer Beschäftigung, Arbeitslosigkeit und Unterbeschäftigung beleuchtet. Es werden politische Lösungen sowie die wesentlichen Herausforderungen für die Zukunft, wie etwa die Digitalisierung und der demografische Wandel, dargelegt. Außerdem werden die politischen Maßnahmen zur Bekämpfung der Armut sowie Entwicklungen im deutschen ...

In dieser Studie über die Beschäftigungssituation und die soziale Lage in Deutschland werden die wichtigsten Entwicklungen im Bereich der Beschäftigung einschließlich atypischer Beschäftigung, Arbeitslosigkeit und Unterbeschäftigung beleuchtet. Es werden politische Lösungen sowie die wesentlichen Herausforderungen für die Zukunft, wie etwa die Digitalisierung und der demografische Wandel, dargelegt. Außerdem werden die politischen Maßnahmen zur Bekämpfung der Armut sowie Entwicklungen im deutschen Sozialpartnerschaftsmodell und im Berufsbildungssystem untersucht. Abschließend wird der Beitrag des Europäischen Sozialfonds beschrieben. Auch Aspekte der COVID-19-Pandemie werden behandelt. Diese Studie wurde von der Fachabteilung Wirtschaft, Wissenschaft und Lebensqualität im Auftrag des Ausschusses für Beschäftigung und Soziales (EMPL) bereitgestellt.

Externe Autor

Nicola Duell, Tim Vetter

Bildung und Beschäftigung von Frauen in Wissenschaft, Technologie und digitaler Wirtschaft, einschließlich KI, und der Einfluss auf die Geschlechtergleichstellung

15-04-2020

Diese Studie wurde von der Fachabteilung Bürgerrechte und konstitutionelle Angelegenheiten des Europäischen Parlaments auf Ersuchen des FEMM-Ausschusses in Auftrag gegeben und belegt, dass in den MINT-Bereichen (Mathematik, Informatik, Naturwissenschaften, Technik) und dem digitalen Sektor (z. B. digitale Technologien, Informatik, Informationstechnologie, Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologie, künstliche Intelligenz, Cybersicherheit) immer noch geschlechterbezogene Verzerrungen und Ungleichheiten ...

Diese Studie wurde von der Fachabteilung Bürgerrechte und konstitutionelle Angelegenheiten des Europäischen Parlaments auf Ersuchen des FEMM-Ausschusses in Auftrag gegeben und belegt, dass in den MINT-Bereichen (Mathematik, Informatik, Naturwissenschaften, Technik) und dem digitalen Sektor (z. B. digitale Technologien, Informatik, Informationstechnologie, Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologie, künstliche Intelligenz, Cybersicherheit) immer noch geschlechterbezogene Verzerrungen und Ungleichheiten bestehen. Dieses auf Ersuchen des FEMM-Ausschusses (Fachabteilung Bürgerrechte und konstitutionelle Angelegenheiten, Generaldirektion Interne Politikbereiche) ausgearbeitete Dokument soll eine aktualisierte Übersicht der Literatur zum aktuellen Stand von Bildung und Beschäftigung von Frauen in den MINT-Bereichen und dem digitalen Sektor bieten. Dabei werden die entsprechenden Laufbahnen von der Grundschulbildung bis zur Berufstätigkeit untersucht, um Hindernisse und Engpässe zu identifizieren, die Geschlechterparität verhindern. Abschließend werden Empfehlungen für Forschung, Initiativen und Politiken erteilt, mit denen die Mitwirkung von Frauen in diesen Bereichen verbessert werden könnte.

Externe Autor

Prof. Dr. Zacharias C. Zacharia, Research in Science and Technology Education Group, Department of Educational Sciences, University of Cyprus Dr. Tasos Hovardas, Research in Science and Technology Education Group, University of Cyprus; Dr. Nikoletta Xenofontos, Research in Science and Technology Education Group, University of Cyprus Ms Ivoni Pavlou, Research in Science and Technology Education Group, University of Cyprus;Ms Maria Irakleous, Research in Science and Technology Education Group, University of Cyprus

Anstehende Veranstaltungen

28-09-2020
Seventh meeting of the Joint Parliamentary Scrutiny Group (JPSG) on Europol
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LIBE
29-09-2020
EPRS online Book Talk | Working for Obama and Clinton on Europe [...]
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30-09-2020
EPRS online policy roundtable: Plastics and the circular economy
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EPRS

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