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Los principios de igualdad y no discriminación, una perspectiva de Derecho Comparado - Chile

30-03-2021

Este documento se integra en una serie de estudios que, desde una perspectiva de Derecho Comparado, tienen como objeto analizar los principios de igualdad y de no discriminación en diferentes ordenamientos jurídicos. Tras la explicación de la normativa y la jurisprudencia de aplicación, se examinan el contenido, los límites y la posible evolución de dichos principios. El ordenamiento objeto del presente estudio es el de Chile. Para el estudio de los indicados principios, el estudio tiene en cuenta ...

Este documento se integra en una serie de estudios que, desde una perspectiva de Derecho Comparado, tienen como objeto analizar los principios de igualdad y de no discriminación en diferentes ordenamientos jurídicos. Tras la explicación de la normativa y la jurisprudencia de aplicación, se examinan el contenido, los límites y la posible evolución de dichos principios. El ordenamiento objeto del presente estudio es el de Chile. Para el estudio de los indicados principios, el estudio tiene en cuenta factores tales como, el sexo, el género, la orientación sexual, la discapacidad, la nacionalidad, la edad, el estado civil, la opinión política, la etnia y el origen de la filiación.

Externe Autor

Excmo. Sr. D. Gonzalo GARCÍA PINO

Schengen Borders Code

26-03-2021

Presently, the Schengen Area is confronted with a different reality than in 2016, when the European Parliament and Council approved Regulation (EU) 2016/399 (as codification of Regulation (EC) No 562/2006 and its subsequent amendments), establishing a Union Code on the rules governing the movement of persons across borders (Schengen Borders Code). As stated in the Commission Work Programme of 2021, the current health crisis and pandemic, and recent developments - related to security concerns and ...

Presently, the Schengen Area is confronted with a different reality than in 2016, when the European Parliament and Council approved Regulation (EU) 2016/399 (as codification of Regulation (EC) No 562/2006 and its subsequent amendments), establishing a Union Code on the rules governing the movement of persons across borders (Schengen Borders Code). As stated in the Commission Work Programme of 2021, the current health crisis and pandemic, and recent developments - related to security concerns and the arrival of refugees -, have exposed the EU’s need to strengthen its crisis preparedness and management of cross-border pressures, as well as keeping the Schengen legislation updated, making it suitable to endure the test of time.

Interpretation and implementation of Article 50 TEU Legal and institutional assessment

24-03-2021

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, looks into the constitutional and institutional challenges that the European Union faced during the Brexit negotiations, and analyses whether the current wording of Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union was applied in an adequate manner and allowed for an efficient and properly organised withdrawal procedure.

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, looks into the constitutional and institutional challenges that the European Union faced during the Brexit negotiations, and analyses whether the current wording of Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union was applied in an adequate manner and allowed for an efficient and properly organised withdrawal procedure.

Externe Autor

PAPAGEORGIOU Ioannis

The principles of equality and non discrimination, a comparative law perspective - United States of America

16-03-2021

This study forms part of a larger comparative law project which seeks to study the way that the principles of equality and non-discrimination have developed and are demonstrated in a broad range of legal systems around the world. The subject of this study is the principles of equality and non-discrimination in the United States federal legal system. It provides a brief history of the evolution of the principles of equality and non-discrimination developed in United States federal law and major events ...

This study forms part of a larger comparative law project which seeks to study the way that the principles of equality and non-discrimination have developed and are demonstrated in a broad range of legal systems around the world. The subject of this study is the principles of equality and non-discrimination in the United States federal legal system. It provides a brief history of the evolution of the principles of equality and non-discrimination developed in United States federal law and major events that furthered the development of the principles. It provides a detailed review of relevant constitutional, statutory, and case law with respect to these principles. The current and likely future limits of the principles of equality and non-discrimination are discussed in the context of three examples: (1) affirmative action in higher education, (2) racial and partisan gerrymandering, and (3) discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity in public accommodations.

Energy Efficiency Directive

15-03-2021

The Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) was adopted in 2012 to promote energy efficiency across the EU and to help the EU to reach its (at least) 20 % energy efficiency target by 2020. In 2018, the EED was amended as part of the 'Clean energy for all Europeans package'. The amendments included raising the EU energy efficiency target to (at least) 32.5 %, to be achieved by 2030, among other things. The European Commission plans to submit its proposal for the revision of the EED in June 2021, with the ...

The Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) was adopted in 2012 to promote energy efficiency across the EU and to help the EU to reach its (at least) 20 % energy efficiency target by 2020. In 2018, the EED was amended as part of the 'Clean energy for all Europeans package'. The amendments included raising the EU energy efficiency target to (at least) 32.5 %, to be achieved by 2030, among other things. The European Commission plans to submit its proposal for the revision of the EED in June 2021, with the aim of better adjusting the EED to the European Green Deal objectives and an increased climate ambition. Improvements will aim to achieve the objective for Europe to become the first climate-neutral continent, with net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.

Online platforms: Economic and societal effects

10-03-2021

Online platforms such as Google, Amazon, and Facebook play an increasingly central role in the economy and society. They operate as digital intermediaries across interconnected sectors and markets subject to network effects. These firms have grown to an unprecedented scale, propelled by data-driven business models. Online platforms have a massive impact on individual users and businesses, and are recasting the relationships between customers, advertisers, workers, and employers. This has triggered ...

Online platforms such as Google, Amazon, and Facebook play an increasingly central role in the economy and society. They operate as digital intermediaries across interconnected sectors and markets subject to network effects. These firms have grown to an unprecedented scale, propelled by data-driven business models. Online platforms have a massive impact on individual users and businesses, and are recasting the relationships between customers, advertisers, workers, and employers. This has triggered a public debate on online platforms’ economic dominance and patterns of pervasive data collection. The report provides evidence of positive impact, and documents a set of important issues not fully addressed by existing European regulation and enforcement. The consensus is that there is a need to strengthen the current law enforcement and regulation of the platform economy. This report welcomes the proposed Digital Markets and Digital Services Acts, and offers a series of policy options for competition and innovation, working conditions and labour markets, consumer and societal risks, and environmental sustainability.

Externe Autor

DG, EPRS_This study has been written by Professor Annabelle Gawer, Surrey Business School, University of Surrey (main author), Dr Nick Srnicek, King's College London, at the request of the Panel for the Future of Science and Technology (STOA) and managed by the Scientific Foresight Unit, within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament.

The impact of COVID-19 on the Internal Market (At A Glance - Study In Focus)

01-03-2021

This At A Glance summarises the key findings of the original study, which assesses the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the Internal Market and consumer protection, including the impact of measures introduced at national and EU level to mitigate the consequences of the pandemic. What further measures should be considered in order to reinforce the resilience of the EU's Internal Market in the face of future crises? This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality ...

This At A Glance summarises the key findings of the original study, which assesses the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the Internal Market and consumer protection, including the impact of measures introduced at national and EU level to mitigate the consequences of the pandemic. What further measures should be considered in order to reinforce the resilience of the EU's Internal Market in the face of future crises? This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO).

Externe Autor

J. Scott MARCUS et al.

The impact of COVID-19 on the Internal Market

26-02-2021

This study assesses the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the Internal Market and consumer protection, including the impact of measures introduced at national and EU level to mitigate the consequences of the pandemic. What further measures should be considered in order to reinforce the resilience of the EU's Internal Market in the face of future crises? This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Internal ...

This study assesses the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the Internal Market and consumer protection, including the impact of measures introduced at national and EU level to mitigate the consequences of the pandemic. What further measures should be considered in order to reinforce the resilience of the EU's Internal Market in the face of future crises? This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO).

Externe Autor

J. Scott MARCUS et al.

La ratification des traités internationaux, une perspective de droit comparé - Allemagne

25-02-2021

La présente étude fait partie d’un projet global d’analyse de la ratification des traités internationaux dans différents États dans une perspective de droit comparé. L’objet de cette étude est d’examiner la ratification des traités internationaux en droit allemand. Le régime juridique applicable et la procédure, sont spécialement étudiés afin d’avancer une estimation des délais nécessaires pour cette ratification. Après une introduction générale, cette étude examine d’abord les dispositions législatives ...

La présente étude fait partie d’un projet global d’analyse de la ratification des traités internationaux dans différents États dans une perspective de droit comparé. L’objet de cette étude est d’examiner la ratification des traités internationaux en droit allemand. Le régime juridique applicable et la procédure, sont spécialement étudiés afin d’avancer une estimation des délais nécessaires pour cette ratification. Après une introduction générale, cette étude examine d’abord les dispositions législatives et réglementaires régissant la procédure d’adoption des traités, ensuite la répartition des compétences entre les différents acteurs impliqués, et enfin les principales étapes de la procédure de conclusion des traités. Dans le cas de l’Allemagne, l’enjeu est la répartition des rôles entre le Gouvernement fédéral, le Président fédéral et le Parlement, auquel la Loi fondamentale accorde un droit d’approbation pour certains traités. De plus, l’organisation fédérale allemande doit être prise en compte, dans la mesure les Länder disposent d’une compétence propre en matière de conclusion de traités. Dans nombreux cas, les Länder sont d’ailleurs responsables de leur transposition en droit interne. La présente étude entend donner aux organes du Parlement européen un aperçu complet des processus de ratification des traités par les États et dans le cas présent l’Allemagne). Ainsi le Parlement pourra tenir compte des délais de ratification des traités futurs par ses partenaires, et organiser ses travaux en conséquence. Le présent document est la version en français de l’étude originairement publiée par la Bibliothèque de droit comparé en allemand en avril 2018. Cette version met à jour la version antérieure par le biais des notes du traducteur.

Externe Autor

Prof. Dr Sebastian GRAF VON KIELMANSEGG

Roaming Regulation: EU Digital Single Market policy

15-02-2021

The Roaming Regulation established the ‘Roam-Like-At-Home’ (RLAH) rule that mandated the end of retail roaming charges as of 15 June 2017 in the EU. The Regulation will be in force until 30 June 2022. In 2021, the European Commission would review the Regulation, assessing its effects and the need to prolong it. The analysis of the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC) shows that a regulatory intervention is still necessary to ensure the EU citizens can continue to benefit ...

The Roaming Regulation established the ‘Roam-Like-At-Home’ (RLAH) rule that mandated the end of retail roaming charges as of 15 June 2017 in the EU. The Regulation will be in force until 30 June 2022. In 2021, the European Commission would review the Regulation, assessing its effects and the need to prolong it. The analysis of the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC) shows that a regulatory intervention is still necessary to ensure the EU citizens can continue to benefit of the RLAH rule.

Anstehende Veranstaltungen

13-04-2021
Decarbonisation of the energy system
Anhörung -
ITRE
13-04-2021
AFCO Public Hearing on the Reform of European Electoral Law - 13 April 2021
Anhörung -
AFCO
13-04-2021
Hearing on "Interference through advertisement"
Anhörung -
INGE IMCO

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