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KANN DER NATUR RECHTSPERSÖNLICHKEIT ZUERKANNT WERDEN? Eine Studie zu den Rechten der Natur im Kontext der EU

01-03-2021

In dieser Studie, die von der Fachabteilung Bürgerrechte und konstitutionelle Angelegenheiten des Europäischen Parlaments auf Antrag des Rechtsausschusses in Auftrag gegeben wurde, werden das Konzept der „Rechte der Natur“ und dessen verschiedene Aspekte in der Rechtsphilosophie und in internationalen Übereinkommen sowie in der Gesetzgebung und Rechtsprechung auf verschiedenen Ebenen betrachtet. In der Studie werden die Vorstellungen von den Rechten der Natur im Vergleich zu den Rechten an der Natur ...

In dieser Studie, die von der Fachabteilung Bürgerrechte und konstitutionelle Angelegenheiten des Europäischen Parlaments auf Antrag des Rechtsausschusses in Auftrag gegeben wurde, werden das Konzept der „Rechte der Natur“ und dessen verschiedene Aspekte in der Rechtsphilosophie und in internationalen Übereinkommen sowie in der Gesetzgebung und Rechtsprechung auf verschiedenen Ebenen betrachtet. In der Studie werden die Vorstellungen von den Rechten der Natur im Vergleich zu den Rechten an der Natur sowie die Frage der Rechtspersönlichkeit und der Klagebefugnis natürlicher Entitäten eingehend untersucht, und zudem wird die Rechtsprechung des Europäischen Gerichtshofs für Menschenrechte und des Gerichtshofs der Europäischen Union zum Zugang zu Gerichten bei umweltbezogenen Entscheidungen analysiert. In der Studie wird insbesondere betont, dass die Anforderungen an unabhängige wissenschaftliche Bewertungen in bestimmten Genehmigungsregelungen nach EU-Recht gestärkt werden müssen. Hervorgehoben wird darüber hinaus die wesentliche Bedeutung der Förderung der Rolle der Zivilgesellschaft als Wächter über die Umsetzung des Umweltrechts der EU durch einen breiteren Zugang zu Gerichten sowohl über die nationalen Gerichte als auch über den Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union, was auch den politischen Prioritäten zur Umsetzung des europäischen Grünen Deals entspricht.

Externe Autor

Jan DARPÖ

EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement: An analytical overview

02-02-2021

This EPRS publication seeks to provide an analytical overview of the Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA) between the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom (UK), which was agreed between the two parties on 24 December and signed by them on 30 December 2020, and has been provisionally applied since 1 January 2021. The European Parliament is currently considering the Agreement with a view to voting on giving its consent to conclusion by the Council on behalf of the Union. The paper analyses many ...

This EPRS publication seeks to provide an analytical overview of the Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA) between the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom (UK), which was agreed between the two parties on 24 December and signed by them on 30 December 2020, and has been provisionally applied since 1 January 2021. The European Parliament is currently considering the Agreement with a view to voting on giving its consent to conclusion by the Council on behalf of the Union. The paper analyses many of the areas covered in the agreement, including the institutional framework and arrangements for dispute settlement, trade in goods, services and investment, digital trade, energy, the level playing field, transport, social security coordination and visas for short-term visits, fisheries, law enforcement and judicial coordination in criminal matters, and participation in Union programmes. It looks at the main provisions of the Agreement in each area, setting them in context, and also gives an overview of the two parties' published negotiating positions in the respective areas.

Digital automation and the future of work

29-01-2021

This report addresses the nature, scope and possible effects of digital automation. It reviews relevant literature and situates modern debates on technological change in historical context. It also offers some policy options that, if implemented, would help to harness technology for positive economic and social ends. The report recognises that technological change can affect not just the volume of work but also its quality. It identifies threats to job quality and an unequal distribution of the risks ...

This report addresses the nature, scope and possible effects of digital automation. It reviews relevant literature and situates modern debates on technological change in historical context. It also offers some policy options that, if implemented, would help to harness technology for positive economic and social ends. The report recognises that technological change can affect not just the volume of work but also its quality. It identifies threats to job quality and an unequal distribution of the risks and benefits associated with digital automation. In response, it recommends a number of policy options – ones that aim to go beyond the provision of skills and training and which seek a human-centred approach to digital transformations of work based on industrial democracy and social partnership. Overall, the report pushes for a new Digital Social Contract and a future of work that works for all

Externe Autor

DG, EPRS_This study has been written by David Spencer, Matt Cole, Simon Joyce, Xanthe Whittaker and Mark Stuart of the Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds, UK, at the request of the Panel for the Future of Science and Technology (STOA) and managed by the Scientific Foresight Unit, within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament.

40 years of the Hague Convention on child abduction: legal and societal changes in the rights of a child

06-11-2020

This in-depth analysis has been commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee in the context of the workshop to mark the 40th Anniversary of the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction. It looks into the implementation of the 1980 Convention, as regards the respect of autonomy of parts, validity of agreements and mediation, and describes, from a practitioner’s point of ...

This in-depth analysis has been commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee in the context of the workshop to mark the 40th Anniversary of the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction. It looks into the implementation of the 1980 Convention, as regards the respect of autonomy of parts, validity of agreements and mediation, and describes, from a practitioner’s point of view, how the parents and children see the process. The paper concludes that in order to protect the interest of the child, the 1980 Convention should be maintained with restricted exceptions, but more should be done in terms of prevention. The new measures should include, in particular, harmonisation of the relocation proceedings and principles, enforceability of mediation agreements, and increasing of the autonomy of the parties through the inclusion of residence and custody plans in prenuptial agreements.

Externe Autor

Adriana DE RUITER

THE CHILD PERSPECTIVE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE 1980 HAGUE CONVENTION

31-10-2020

This in-depth analysis, commissioned by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Legal Affairs in the context of the Workshop to mark the 40th Anniversary of the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, examines the way in which subject children feature within Convention proceedings. It considers the aims of the Convention, and the lack of supranational control of its application. It draws on empirical ...

This in-depth analysis, commissioned by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Legal Affairs in the context of the Workshop to mark the 40th Anniversary of the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, examines the way in which subject children feature within Convention proceedings. It considers the aims of the Convention, and the lack of supranational control of its application. It draws on empirical research relating to the effects and consequences of child abduction to discuss the opportunities for children and young people to participate within Convention proceedings, and highlights the international obligations for such participation within the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, and other regional instruments. Different jurisdictional approaches are explained, and the role of culture in this context is probed. The impact of COVID-19 on abducted children is also explored.

Gesetz über digitale Dienste

14-10-2020

Das Parlament soll während der Oktober-II-Tagung über drei Berichte des Ausschusses für Binnenmarkt und Verbraucherschutz, des Rechtsausschusses und des Ausschusses für bürgerliche Freiheiten, Justiz und Inneres abstimmen, in denen der ursprüngliche Standpunkt des Parlaments zur Überarbeitung des EU-Rahmens für Online-Dienste im Vorfeld des erwarteten Vorschlags der Kommission zu einem Gesetzespaket über digitale Dienste dargelegt ist.

Das Parlament soll während der Oktober-II-Tagung über drei Berichte des Ausschusses für Binnenmarkt und Verbraucherschutz, des Rechtsausschusses und des Ausschusses für bürgerliche Freiheiten, Justiz und Inneres abstimmen, in denen der ursprüngliche Standpunkt des Parlaments zur Überarbeitung des EU-Rahmens für Online-Dienste im Vorfeld des erwarteten Vorschlags der Kommission zu einem Gesetzespaket über digitale Dienste dargelegt ist.

Blockchain for supply chains and international trade

29-05-2020

This study provides an analysis of blockchain technology in the context of international trade. It analyses the potential impacts of blockchain development and applications in eight use cases for supply chains and international trade. It also provides an analysis of the current legislative framework and existing initiatives. Based on this analysis, and following a broad consultation of relevant organisations, the study identifies several challenges in international trade documentation and processes ...

This study provides an analysis of blockchain technology in the context of international trade. It analyses the potential impacts of blockchain development and applications in eight use cases for supply chains and international trade. It also provides an analysis of the current legislative framework and existing initiatives. Based on this analysis, and following a broad consultation of relevant organisations, the study identifies several challenges in international trade documentation and processes, and presents a range of policy options for the European Parliament.

Externe Autor

This study was written by Bertrand Copigneaux, Nikita Vlasov and Emarildo Bani of IDATE DigiWorld, Nikolay Tcholtchev and Philipp Lämmel of Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems, Michael Fuenfzig, Simone Snoeijenbos and Michael Flickenschild from Ecorys, and Martina Piantoni and Simona Frazzani from Grimaldi Studio Legale at the request of the Panel for the Future of Science and Technology (STOA) and managed by the Scientific Foresight Unit, within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament.

The Unified Patent Court after Brexit

11-03-2020

Great Britain has recently made known that it does not intend to apply the International Agreement on a Unified Patent Court (UPCA).

Great Britain has recently made known that it does not intend to apply the International Agreement on a Unified Patent Court (UPCA).

What if internet by satellite were to lead to congestion in orbit?

05-02-2020

American Starlink project aims to bring high speed internet access across the globe by 2021. It’s certainly a mission in the sky! But how will Elon Musk’s plans to deploy this mega constellation of satellites impact on European citizens?

American Starlink project aims to bring high speed internet access across the globe by 2021. It’s certainly a mission in the sky! But how will Elon Musk’s plans to deploy this mega constellation of satellites impact on European citizens?

International Agreements – Review and Monitoring Clauses - A Rolling Check-List

24-10-2019

This study provides an analysis and overview of the review and monitoring clauses, sunset clauses, consultation clauses and management and implementation clauses contained in bilateral and multilateral international agreements concluded between the EU and other countries, and in force as of 1 September 2019.

This study provides an analysis and overview of the review and monitoring clauses, sunset clauses, consultation clauses and management and implementation clauses contained in bilateral and multilateral international agreements concluded between the EU and other countries, and in force as of 1 September 2019.

Anstehende Veranstaltungen

19-05-2021
EPRS online policy roundtable: The European elections, two years on [...]
Andere Veranstaltung -
EPRS
25-05-2021
How can technology help in reducing fraud and making tax compliance simpler?
Anhörung -
FISC
25-05-2021
AIDA - EMPL Public Hearing on AI and the labour market
Anhörung -
AIDA EMPL

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