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The Network and Information Security (NIS) Directive is the first piece of EU-wide legislation on cybersecurity, and its specific aim was to achieve a high common level of cybersecurity across the Member States. While it increased the Member States' cybersecurity capabilities, its implementation proved difficult, resulting in fragmentation at different levels across the internal market. To respond to the growing threats posed with digitalisation and the surge in cyber-attacks, the Commission has ...

Child sexual exploitation and sexual abuse are among the worst forms of violence against children, and constitute serious crimes that know no borders. The continuous increase in child sexual exploitation and abuse, not least due to the Covid 19 pandemic, underscores the importance of harmonised national legislation and international cooperation to prevent these offences, protect the victims and prosecute the perpetrators. The European Day contributes to raising awareness on the need for prevention ...

EU cyber-defence capabilities

Εν συντομία 30-09-2021

Cyberspace has become the fifth domain of warfare alongside the traditional sea, land, air and space. As societies digitalise and become more technologically connected, cyber risks and vulnerabilities increase. The European Union (EU) has been highly active in strengthening cyber capabilities and coordination frameworks through a collection of initiatives and proposals, notably since 2017. The European Parliament will debate recent as well as future measures during the October I 2021 plenary session ...

Artificial intelligence in criminal law

Εν συντομία 30-09-2021

The use of artificial intelligence (AI) in a broad range of areas is the subject of wide debate at EU level. Establishing an EU approach to AI is one of the European Commission's digital priorities, as illustrated by the proposal on an artificial intelligence act. Despite the great opportunities they offer, AI applications can also entail significant risks to people's fundamental rights. At the October I plenary session, the European Parliament is due to debate an own-initiative report on the use ...

Internal Security Fund 2021-2027

Εν συντομία 01-07-2021

As part of the 2021-2027 Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF), the European Commission proposed a regulation establishing the Internal Security Fund, with increased budgetary allocation, to ensure a high level of security within the Union. The European Parliament is due to vote at second reading during the July plenary session on the agreed text resulting from interinstitutional negotiations.

Digital transformation - why do some significant banks fall behind?

Λεπτομερής ανάλυση 25-06-2021

This paper shows that larger banks and better capitalised banks invest more in computer software. These findings could reflect that larger banks can attain greater benefits from computer software and that better capitalised banks have more resources to make larger software investments. All the same, smaller and less capitalised banks will also have to make substantial software investments to maintain sustainable businesses, something that supervisors will need to point that out to these banks.

Increasing digitalisation means that public administration at EU and national levels has come to rely on digital technologies as a means of carrying out their core functions, a process that has been intensified by the pandemic. This growing reliance on digital technologies, while beneficial, has also increased the risk of cyber-attacks, and key institutions at EU and national level have recently been targeted by cyber-attacks. During the June I plenary session, Members of the European Parliament ...

The Digital Europe Programme is a new financial support tool for the 2021-2027 period, aimed at bolstering the digital transformation of society, the economy and public administrations in the EU. With a financial envelope of €7.6 billion (in current prices), a figure 17.5 % lower than the initial Commission proposal, it will build up digital capacity and infrastructure and support a digital single market. The programme will operate mainly through coordinated and strategic co-investments with the ...

In December 2020, the European Parliament's Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs Committee adopted its reports on a pair of 2018 legislative proposals on electronic evidence in criminal matters, and mandates to start trilogue negotiations on the two proposals. The proposed new rules would allow law enforcement and judicial authorities to directly request (or temporarily secure) electronic data needed for investigating and prosecuting crime from electronic service providers operating in the EU ...

With the rise of new technology and social media gender-based cyber violence is a constantly growing threat with impacts at individual, social and economic levels, on women and girls and on society as generally. Action taken so far has been inadequate, and the cross-border nature of gender-based cyber violence has yet to be properly addressed either. This European added value assessment (EAVA) complements the European Parliament’s own initiative legislative report on Combating Gender based Violence ...