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In view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the ECB in ECON on 9 November 2017, some academic experts for banking supervision were asked to assess which provisioning practices best ensure from a prudential perspective that banks present “sound and clean balance sheets” that do not carry uncovered or hidden losses. Some of the points raised by the experts in their briefing papers are highlighted in the following summary.

This study reviews the progress of implementation of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs) in non-EU countries, five years after their unanimous adoption by the United Nations Human Rights Council in 2011. Much progress has already been achieved, with i.a. relevant key international standards like OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises becoming aligned with the UNGPs, new tools being developed to provide guidance to governments and stakeholders and a basis being set ...

International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are issued by an international private organisation, the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB). The EU has to endorse IFRS 'as they are' in order to be fully compliant. Non-endorsement or carve-outs are possible, but EU firms have still to comply with the full IFRS if they want to benefit from IFRS’ global acceptance, e.g. in the US, permitting a European company to use IFRS only without the need to adapt the accounting to national generally ...

IFRS Accounting Standards Endorsement Procedure

Εν συντομία 16-05-2016

International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are issued by an international private organisation, the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB). In order to become binding law in the EU, they must be ‘endorsed’ in a specific procedure prescribed in Article 3(1) and 6 Regulation No 1606/2002 and Articles 5a(1)-(4) and Article 10-11 Council Decision 1999/468/EC, i.e. the ‘Regulatory Procedure with Scrutiny’. All standards and interpretations are adopted as Commission Regulations to have ...

international Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are issued by an international private organisation, the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB). In order to become binding law in the EU, they must be ‘endorsed’ in a specific procedure prescribed in Article 3(1) and 6 Regulation No 1606/2002 and Articles 5a(1)-(4) and Articles 10-11 Council Decision 1999/468/EC, i.e. the ‘Regulatory Procedure with Scrutiny’. All standards and interpretations are adopted as Commission Regulations to have ...

The EU's trade policy does not exist in a vacuum. On the one hand, it is affected by international standard and rule-setting. On the other hand, the EU is itself an influential actor shaping the international trade agenda by participating in the work of international organisations and fora. This short note focuses on the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

Many of the rules, norms, principles and practices that are central to EU trade and investment policy today have been influenced by a wide range of different types of international organisations (IOs). This influence occurs through formal rulemaking, voluntary codes of conduct or standards, the provision of technical and scientific expertise or the dissemination of research and best practice. The influence is pervasive and decisions taken years ago in IOs can shape EU trade policy today. With the ...

IAS Regulation 1606/2002 introduces three criteria for the endorsement of an international accounting standard, a ‘true and fair view’ criterion, qualitative criteria, and a ‘European public good’ criterion. In this study, these criteria are described against the background of European accounting law and academic accounting research. Then, the paper evaluates whether the new IFRS 9 standard on accounting for financial instruments meets these criteria. We conclude that the standard cannot reasonably ...

This paper examines the interaction of the IFRS 9 expected credit loss model with supervisory rules and discusses potential implications for financial stability. IFRS 9 is more closely aligned with bank supervision, incorporates earlier and larger impairment allowances, and thus, is likely to mitigate the procyclical tendencies of the IAS 39 incurred loss approach. Combined with improved transparency, IFRS 9 might enhance financial stability. However, the potential benefits of the standard will crucially ...

IFRS 9 introduces new impairment rules responding to the G20 critique that IAS 39 results in the delayed and insufficient recognition of credit losses. In a case study of a Greek government bond for the period 2009 to 2011 when Greece’s credit rating declined sharply, this study highlights the discretion that preparers have when estimating impairments. IFRS 9 relies more on management expectations and will lead to earlier impairments. However, these appear still delayed and low if compared to the ...