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Directive 2009/138/EC – also known as Solvency II – sets out the prudential regulatory framework for the insurance sector in the EU. The framework aims to establish the single market for insurance services further, while strengthening policyholders' protection. On 22 September 2021, the European Commission tabled a proposal for a directive that would amend Solvency II in essentially three ways: i) lowering regulatory obligations on small and low-risk profile insurance companies, ii) taking into account ...

In the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis, which showed the need for more sophisticated and demanding capital requirements for banks, new regulations were agreed at international level – known as the Basel III Agreements. In the EU, they were implemented essentially by amending the Capital Requirements Directive (CRD) and adopting the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR). On 27 October 2021, the Commission tabled two interconnected proposals to amend the CRR and the CRD, respectively. The objective ...

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the European Central Bank (ECB), Andrea Enria, which will take place on 14 October 2021. The briefing addresses: 1) Emerging risks in the banking group, as presented to the Eurogroup, 2) results of EBA’s and ECB’s 2021 stress test exercises, 3) the Basel Committee report on early lessons from the Covid-19 pandemic on the Basel reforms, 4) the ECB report on sanctioning activities, 5) the ECB Supervisory ...

The ECB’s disclosure of Pillar 2 capital requirements

Λεπτομερής ανάλυση 02-04-2020

In January 2020, the European Central Bank (ECB) published for the first time a list with the specific Pillar 2 capital requirements for all banks under the ECB’s direct supervision, each individually mentioned by name. This briefing gives background information on the relevance of that disclosure, complementes the list with additional information, and analyses the data.

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the European Central Bank (ECB). The following issues are addressed in this briefing: (i) feedback on the EP resolution on Banking Union; (ii) Anti Money Laundering, including external paper commissioned for this hearing; (iii) Brexit; (iv) Cum Ex; (v) stress test results; (vi) supervisory banking statistics; (vii) recent SSM publications, including the 2019 supervisory programme and the thematic ...

This briefing focuses on the state of play of the implementing measures under the new Securitisation Regulation (EU) 2017/2402 and the amending Regulation (EU) 2017/2401 on the treatment of regulatory capital requirements for credit institutions that originate, sponsor or invest in securitisations. Items for discussion include the draft measures that have been prepared by the European Supervisory Agencies, and those currently under preparation, including – for the European Securities and Markets ...

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the European Central Bank (ECB) in ECON, scheduled for 19 June 2018. The following issues are addressed in this briefing: (i) Brexit; (ii) the policy debate as to whether and how the EU supervisory approach to Anti-Money Laundering (AML) could be further strenghened; (iii) the latest release of the ECB’s Supervisory Banking Statistics; (iv) summaries of recent ECB/SSM publications (v) as well as ...

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the European Central Bank (ECB) who will inter alia present the SSM Annual Report 2017. The EP received a copy of that report on a confidential basis, under embargo until Monday, 26 March 2018, at 15:00 CET. In view of that restriction, this briefing does not refer to that Annual Report in any way. The following issues are addressed in this briefing: the self-liquidation of directly supervised ABLV ...

As part of its ambition to create a Capital Markets Union, the European Commission wants to revive the securitisation market in the EU, in order to offer new financing tools and ease credit provision, especially for small and medium-sized enterprises. Its 'securitisation initiative', set out in a proposed regulation on 30 September 2015, would establish a new framework for 'simple, transparent, and standardised' (STS) securitisations. This new initiative also has implications for the overall prudential ...

In autumn 2015, the European Commission proposed a regulation on securitisation, in the context of the Capital Markets Union initiative. The proposal followed a consultation with stakeholders and took into account initiatives at international (BCBS-IOSCO) and European levels (EBA). The proposal replaces existing rules relating to due diligence, risk retention, transparency and supervision with a uniform regime. It provides a framework to identify simple, transparent and standardised (STS) securitisations ...