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Mental health in the EU

Briefing 12-07-2023

Mental health has become a major issue of public health, and economic and social concern across the whole of the EU. Collecting data is crucial for monitoring mental health, developing effective policies and addressing the growing mental health challenges. It is estimated that more than 84 million people in the EU are struggling with mental health problems. The COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent economic crisis have placed a huge strain on everyone's mental health. The restrictive measures taken ...

Stress-testing is a promising foresight policy tool that can support the design of EU policies able to withstand the shocks and challenges of both the present day and the years to come. This study explores how the European Parliament could use stress-tests to identify weak points in EU legislation and avenues for further EU action. The study draws on the findings of a stress-test of EU rail transport policy and recommendations from an expert practitioner of foresight and regulatory policy. It finds ...

This At a glance note summarises the study providing a comprehensive analysis of the most common types of marine pollutants in the Mediterranean Sea and focusing on the accelerating accumulation of marine litter and plastics in the Mediterranean Sea. It presents the actions taken by EU Mediterranean regions and cities to respond to diverse pollutants, waste contamination, marine litter and plastic pollution in the marine environment. Based on this assessment, policy recommendations are put forward ...

The Roma are Europe's largest ethnic minority. Out of an estimated total of 10 to12 million Roma in Europe as a whole, some six million live in the European Union (EU), most of whom are citizens of an EU Member State. A significant number of Roma people live in very poor socio-economic conditions. The social exclusion, discrimination and segregation they face are mutually reinforcing. Their restricted access to education, and difficulties in entering the labour market, result in low income and poor ...

Renewable energy in the EU

Εν συντομία 29-03-2023

The ongoing energy crisis and its related challenges of energy security concerns and high energy prices have put the spotlight on the EU's domestic production and use of energy in general and renewables in particular. The 2018 Renewable Energy Directive (RED) requires the EU to achieve a 32 % share of renewable energy sources (RES) in gross final energy consumption by 2030. The Commission has since proposed a revision of the renewables target to 40 % as part of the 'fit for 55' package, in the context ...

The effective management of the EU's external borders is a prerequisite for creating the EU area of freedom, security and justice. In response to an unprecedented influx of refugees and immigrants into Europe in the 2015-2016 period, the EU took steps to strengthen the management of its external borders, and to reform the common European asylum system. Several major challenges have affected the EU's external borders in recent years. The COVID-19 pandemic pushed Member States to adopt extraordinary ...

The proposal to revise the regulation on land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) was included in the European Commission's 'fit for 55' package. LULUCF carbon sink functions are a key part of the EU's carbon neutrality pathway. On 11 November 2022, the European Parliament and the Council reached a trilogue agreement on the proposal. The agreed text is due to be voted during Parliament's March I 2023 plenary session.

Energy Performance of Buildings Directive

Εν συντομία 08-03-2023

The Parliament is due to vote in plenary in March on a report from the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) on the proposal to revise the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, part of the 'fit for 55' package. Once adopted, this will set Parliament's position for trilogue negotiations with the Council.

As a member of the Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna (CCSBT), the European Union must transpose its measures so that they apply to vessels flying the flag of an EU Member State. During the February I plenary session, Parliament is due to vote on a provisional agreement with the Council to transpose the conservation and fisheries management measures adopted by this intergovernmental organisation.

This paper provides a preliminary assessment of the contribution of the national RRPs to the 'Green Transition' pillar, focusing on the ‘sustainable mobility’ theme. Based on an analysis of five measures, it finds that while the measures are generally coherent and balanced, their 'lasting impact' is not adequately assured. Moreover, the milestones and targets of the measures provide insufficient guarantees that the RRF objectives will be met. Finally, several sustainable transport policy areas were ...