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Ημερομηνία

The European Parliament's investigative powers: Committees of inquiry in context

10-11-2021

The European Parliament has been trying to strengthen its powers to conduct in-depth investigations into contraventions or maladministration in the implementation of Union law since 2012, but has so far failed to gain the consent of the Commission or Council for the modification of the legal framework applicable to its committees of inquiry. These powers may also be discussed as part of the Conference on the future of Europe. Analysing the scope and functioning of Parliament's committees of inquiry ...

The European Parliament has been trying to strengthen its powers to conduct in-depth investigations into contraventions or maladministration in the implementation of Union law since 2012, but has so far failed to gain the consent of the Commission or Council for the modification of the legal framework applicable to its committees of inquiry. These powers may also be discussed as part of the Conference on the future of Europe. Analysing the scope and functioning of Parliament's committees of inquiry, this publication offers an insight into the controversy surrounding the negotiations concerning Parliament's proposal for a new regulation on the right of inquiry.

European political parties: Statute and funding

08-11-2021

During the November I plenary session, Parliament is due to vote on an implementation report concerning the Regulation on the statute and funding of European political parties and foundations. Parliament has to report on the application of the Regulation, and propose modifications where appropriate, by 31 December 2021, and every five years thereafter. The Commission is also required to present a parallel implementation report and a legislative proposal to amend the current regulation, if appropriate ...

During the November I plenary session, Parliament is due to vote on an implementation report concerning the Regulation on the statute and funding of European political parties and foundations. Parliament has to report on the application of the Regulation, and propose modifications where appropriate, by 31 December 2021, and every five years thereafter. The Commission is also required to present a parallel implementation report and a legislative proposal to amend the current regulation, if appropriate, and is expected to do so in November 2021.

Committee hearings in the European Parliament and US Congress

16-07-2021

Hearings are used by parliamentary committees as a way to obtain evidence on specific subjects to inform their work and as public forums to give citizens access to information on policy issues. Committee hearings take different forms depending on their specific purposes. Oversight and legislative hearings are frequently used to hold the executive to account and to inform parliaments' choices as regards proposed or adopted legislation. Investigative hearings, usually held in the context of parliamentary ...

Hearings are used by parliamentary committees as a way to obtain evidence on specific subjects to inform their work and as public forums to give citizens access to information on policy issues. Committee hearings take different forms depending on their specific purposes. Oversight and legislative hearings are frequently used to hold the executive to account and to inform parliaments' choices as regards proposed or adopted legislation. Investigative hearings, usually held in the context of parliamentary inquiries, often have distinctive features, with some parliaments granted the right to summon witnesses and take testimony under oath. Finally, some parliaments have relevant appointment powers as regards key positions in the executive or the judiciary and may use pre-appointment hearings to test the suitability of candidates or extract commitments from them. The European Parliament's committees frequently organise public hearings with experts for oversight and legislative purposes. They also hold public hearings on European citizens' initiatives, once a given initiative has gathered the necessary public support. Also relevant in the European Parliament's committee work are pre-appointment hearings, in particular those held as part of the procedure for appointing the members of the European Commission. European Parliament committees of inquiry can also invite different categories of witnesses to provide evidence. US Congressional committees, meanwhile, hold oversight, investigative, legislative and confirmation hearings, the latter being peculiar to the Senate, as the President has the power to nominate people to key positions in the executive and judiciary branch 'with the advice and consent of the Senate'. In the context of the ongoing internal discussion launched by the President of the European Parliament, David Sassoli, on how to make the Parliament a more resilient and effective institution in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic, this Briefing provides an overview of how committee hearings are organised and conducted in both the European Parliament and the US Congress.

Breaking the deadlock on strengthening Parliament's right of inquiry

02-06-2021

During the June I plenary session, the Council and the European Commission are expected to answer oral questions put by the European Parliament's Committee on Constitutional Affairs (AFCO) on the Parliament's proposal to repeal Decision 95/167/EC (which currently governs Parliament's right of inquiry) and adopt a new regulation to strengthen its investigative powers. Pointing out the Council's unwillingness to engage in political negotiations with Parliament on this file, the AFCO committee asks ...

During the June I plenary session, the Council and the European Commission are expected to answer oral questions put by the European Parliament's Committee on Constitutional Affairs (AFCO) on the Parliament's proposal to repeal Decision 95/167/EC (which currently governs Parliament's right of inquiry) and adopt a new regulation to strengthen its investigative powers. Pointing out the Council's unwillingness to engage in political negotiations with Parliament on this file, the AFCO committee asks the reasons for this deadlock and questions the Council and the Commission on whether they would be willing to go back to the negotiating table.

Data on returns of irregular migrants

23-03-2021

The Return Directive is the main piece of EU legislation governing return procedures. In general terms, under this directive, Member States must issue a return decision (an administrative or judicial decision imposing an obligation to leave the territory) for every third-country national found to be irregularly present on their territory. A proposal to recast the EU Return Directive is currently under discussion in the European Parliament and in Council. This infographic sets out the key data relating ...

The Return Directive is the main piece of EU legislation governing return procedures. In general terms, under this directive, Member States must issue a return decision (an administrative or judicial decision imposing an obligation to leave the territory) for every third-country national found to be irregularly present on their territory. A proposal to recast the EU Return Directive is currently under discussion in the European Parliament and in Council. This infographic sets out the key data relating to EU return policy.

Recasting the Return Directive

11-03-2021

The Return Directive is the main piece of EU (European Union) legislation governing the procedures and criteria to be applied by Member States when returning irregularly staying third-country nationals, and a cornerstone of EU return policy. Taking into account the decrease in the EU return rate (from 45.8 % in 2016 to 28.9 % in 2019) and following European Council and Council calls to review the 2008 legal text to enhance the effectiveness of EU return policy, in September 2018 the Commission proposed ...

The Return Directive is the main piece of EU (European Union) legislation governing the procedures and criteria to be applied by Member States when returning irregularly staying third-country nationals, and a cornerstone of EU return policy. Taking into account the decrease in the EU return rate (from 45.8 % in 2016 to 28.9 % in 2019) and following European Council and Council calls to review the 2008 legal text to enhance the effectiveness of EU return policy, in September 2018 the Commission proposed a targeted recast of the directive aiming to 'reduce the length of return procedures, secure a better link between asylum and return procedures, and ensure a more effective use of measures to prevent absconding'. In the 2014-2019 parliamentary term, whereas the Council reached a partial general approach on the proposal, the European Parliament did not reach a position. A draft report was presented to the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) but was not adopted. After the 2019 elections, Parliament decided to resume work on the proposal. A new draft report was published on 21 February 2020, but it was not presented in the LIBE committee until 10 September 2020 on account of delays caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. The deadline for tabling amendments expired on 23 September 2020 and the LIBE committee is currently considering the 754 amendments tabled. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Transnational electoral lists: Ways to Europeanise elections to the European Parliament

08-02-2021

Aiming to feed into the forthcoming Conference on the Future of Europe and debate in the European Parliament on possible reforms of the 1976 European Electoral Act, this paper from the European Parliamentary Research Service analyses the main proposals to create a European constituency (or constituencies), in which Members of the European Parliament would be elected from transnational electoral lists. Such proposals have been discussed over the years in the European Parliament itself, as well as ...

Aiming to feed into the forthcoming Conference on the Future of Europe and debate in the European Parliament on possible reforms of the 1976 European Electoral Act, this paper from the European Parliamentary Research Service analyses the main proposals to create a European constituency (or constituencies), in which Members of the European Parliament would be elected from transnational electoral lists. Such proposals have been discussed over the years in the European Parliament itself, as well as in other European and national institutions and academia. Following a review of these proposals, the paper then details the legal changes that would be needed at European and national levels to bring the idea to fruition.

States of emergency in response to the coronavirus crisis: Normative response and parliamentary oversight in EU Member States during the first wave of the pandemic

04-12-2020

This study examines the normative response of the 27 EU Member States during the first phase of the Covid 19 pandemic (March to mid June 2020) and parliamentary oversight over the measures adopted. The study reveals that Member States' normative responses to the pandemic were generally efficient, as very few of them were not preventively equipped with a set of rules enabling the national authorities to adopt the containment measures needed to address the first peak of the health crisis, and because ...

This study examines the normative response of the 27 EU Member States during the first phase of the Covid 19 pandemic (March to mid June 2020) and parliamentary oversight over the measures adopted. The study reveals that Member States' normative responses to the pandemic were generally efficient, as very few of them were not preventively equipped with a set of rules enabling the national authorities to adopt the containment measures needed to address the first peak of the health crisis, and because the Member States lacking those normative tools were able to adopt the necessary empowering legislative acts quickly. The study also reveals that all EU national parliaments played some role in the management of the pandemic, either through the supervision of the measures adopted by the executive to contain the spread of the virus or through the exercise of their ordinary legislative and budgetary powers to provide the government with the normative tools needed to address the pandemic.

Taking stock of the 2019 European elections

19-11-2020

At its second November plenary session, Parliament is expected to vote on an own-initiative report taking stock of the May 2019 European elections, the ninth direct elections to the European Parliament since the first ones in 1979, and of the subsequent appointment of the College of Commissioners. This report makes concrete proposals to strengthen the electoral process and enhance its European dimension.

At its second November plenary session, Parliament is expected to vote on an own-initiative report taking stock of the May 2019 European elections, the ninth direct elections to the European Parliament since the first ones in 1979, and of the subsequent appointment of the College of Commissioners. This report makes concrete proposals to strengthen the electoral process and enhance its European dimension.

An EU mechanism on democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights

02-10-2020

Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) enshrines the Union's founding values. As these shared values are binding on Member States and the European Union (EU) institutions, several mechanisms have been created to promote them and ensure they are respected. EU institutions have made several proposals to strengthen the mechanisms. Parliament is due to vote during the October I plenary session on a legislative-initiative report proposing to integrate and reinforce them through an EU mechanism ...

Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) enshrines the Union's founding values. As these shared values are binding on Member States and the European Union (EU) institutions, several mechanisms have been created to promote them and ensure they are respected. EU institutions have made several proposals to strengthen the mechanisms. Parliament is due to vote during the October I plenary session on a legislative-initiative report proposing to integrate and reinforce them through an EU mechanism on democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights (DRF).

Προσεχείς εκδηλώσεις

29-11-2021
The Mutual Defence Clause (Article 42(7) TEU) in the face of new threats
Ακρόαση -
SEDE
29-11-2021
Competitiveness of EU agriculture
Ακρόαση -
AGRI
30-11-2021
Eliminating Violence against Women - Inter-parliamentary committee meeting
Άλλη δραστηριότητα -
FEMM

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