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Ημερομηνία

The Venezuelan migrant crisis: A growing emergency for the region

17-12-2018

Although the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela has traditionally been a country of destination for migrants, around 2010 its migratory profile started to change to that of a country of origin. In fact, in the past few years migration away from Venezuela has reached massive levels, creating an unprecedented humanitarian crisis in the region. According to the United Nations' International Organization for Migration (IOM), the number of Venezuelans abroad has risen from under 700 000 in 2015 to 3 million ...

Although the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela has traditionally been a country of destination for migrants, around 2010 its migratory profile started to change to that of a country of origin. In fact, in the past few years migration away from Venezuela has reached massive levels, creating an unprecedented humanitarian crisis in the region. According to the United Nations' International Organization for Migration (IOM), the number of Venezuelans abroad has risen from under 700 000 in 2015 to 3 million in November 2018. About 70 % of this human wave has been directed to South American countries such as Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Chile, Argentina and Brazil, but also to North and Central America and the Caribbean, and even Europe. The main factors contributing to this exodus are Venezuela's deteriorating political situation, a severe economic crisis and increasing violence. This mass migration could have a destabilising effect on the main recipient and transit countries. Besides individual responses developed by host countries to provide migrants with emergency assistance and protection and to facilitate their integration, Latin American countries are trying to give a coordinated regional response to the crisis. Furthermore, migration authorities, ombudsmen and NGOs have also promoted regional initiatives to defend the rights of Venezuelan migrants abroad and their access to basic services. The UN and regional organisations are also working to help deal with the crisis, and the EU is contributing €35.1 million in emergency aid and medium-term development assistance for the Venezuelan people and the affected neighbouring countries. The European Parliament sent an ad hoc mission to Brazil and Colombia in June 2018 to assess the situation, and has adopted resolutions on the subject.

Portugal: Social Situation and Employment in a Post-Programme Country

15-10-2015

This document, provided by the Policy Department A to the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs, gives an overview of the social situation and employment in Portugal after the implementation of the economic adjustment programme. It analyses the implementation of the programme and also the developments regarding employment and poverty. It discusses the measures adopted to combat unemployment, focussing on those designed to combat youth unemployment. Finally, it discusses current important issues ...

This document, provided by the Policy Department A to the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs, gives an overview of the social situation and employment in Portugal after the implementation of the economic adjustment programme. It analyses the implementation of the programme and also the developments regarding employment and poverty. It discusses the measures adopted to combat unemployment, focussing on those designed to combat youth unemployment. Finally, it discusses current important issues regarding employment and social affairs including the recent national elections.

Migration Policies of the European Union with its Mediterranean Partners - Necessity of Greater Mobility

25-04-2014

The construction of an integrated Euro-Mediterranean region necessarily requires the establishment of strong cooperation in the field of migration. For this reason, migration must be considered a real opportunity, bringing benefits for the countries and populations of the two shores of the Mediterranean. This report analyses European migration policies towards the Mediterranean Partner Countries before and after the Arab Spring. Furthermore, it highlights their key limitations and proposes specific ...

The construction of an integrated Euro-Mediterranean region necessarily requires the establishment of strong cooperation in the field of migration. For this reason, migration must be considered a real opportunity, bringing benefits for the countries and populations of the two shores of the Mediterranean. This report analyses European migration policies towards the Mediterranean Partner Countries before and after the Arab Spring. Furthermore, it highlights their key limitations and proposes specific recommendations in order to respond to the imperative of greater mobility in the region. In order to achieve this, migration policies, often the source of passionate debate, must be tackled serenely and be the subject of constant dialogue between the parties involved, including civil society. These policies must not only meet objectives with regard to controlling migration flows but surpass them and render them an integral part of a coherent and comprehensive development policy for neighbouring countries. The EU must also develop a more attractive policy vis-à-vis migrant workers, which is able to respond to the labour shortages in certain segments of the European market and increase the likelihood of the country of origin benefiting from the competencies acquired in Europe. In this context, the participation of Euro-Mediterranean professional networks is to be encouraged.

Asylum

23-04-2012

Asylum is a form of protection given by a State on its territory to a person who is threatened by persecution for reasons such as race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular group or political opinion in his or her country of citizenship or residence. In the EU, Member States have committed to establishing a Common European Asylum System (CEAS). Under this system different legislative measures to harmonise common minimum standards have been adopted. The most important relate to the living ...

Asylum is a form of protection given by a State on its territory to a person who is threatened by persecution for reasons such as race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular group or political opinion in his or her country of citizenship or residence. In the EU, Member States have committed to establishing a Common European Asylum System (CEAS). Under this system different legislative measures to harmonise common minimum standards have been adopted. The most important relate to the living conditions of the asylum-seekers (Directive 2003/9/EC); to harmonising the definition of refugee (Directive 2004/83/EC); to reducing differences between MS in terms of national procedure (Directive 2005/85/EC) and the “Dublin” Regulation that gives criteria for deciding which state is responsible for an asylum claim. The Statistical Spotlight aims to show the number of asylum seekers - where they seek asylum and where they come from - as well as the number of first instance decisions on asylum.

Προσεχείς εκδηλώσεις

25-01-2021
Public Hearing on "Gender aspects of precarious work"
Ακρόαση -
FEMM
26-01-2021
Public hearing on Co-management of EU fisheries at local level
Ακρόαση -
PECH
26-01-2021
The impact of Brexit on the level playing field in the area of taxation
Ακρόαση -
FISC

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