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EU policies – Delivering for citizens: The fight against unemployment

28-06-2019

By promoting a high level of employment, the European Union (EU) has been involved in the fight against unemployment since as long ago as the early 1950s. The issue was brought to the top of the European agenda with the onset of the 2008 economic and financial crisis, and the consequent rise in unemployment rates in all European Union (EU) Member States. In its Europe 2020 strategy, the European Commission set a target to get 75 % of 20 to 64 year-olds into employment by 2020. EU labour market conditions ...

By promoting a high level of employment, the European Union (EU) has been involved in the fight against unemployment since as long ago as the early 1950s. The issue was brought to the top of the European agenda with the onset of the 2008 economic and financial crisis, and the consequent rise in unemployment rates in all European Union (EU) Member States. In its Europe 2020 strategy, the European Commission set a target to get 75 % of 20 to 64 year-olds into employment by 2020. EU labour market conditions have significantly improved in recent years, and most labour market indicators have strengthened steadily. Since mid-2013, the unemployment rate has continued to decline, and the EU is back to its pre-crisis level (6.5 % in February 2019). Despite the recovery in economic growth and its positive impact on the labour market, the EU still has to face unemployment challenges, particularly concerning differences between Member States, youth unemployment and long-term unemployment. Since 2014, efforts have been made in a number of areas, including to help young people enter the labour market, to combat long-term unemployment, upgrade skills, and facilitate workers' mobility in the European Union. The improvement in labour market indicators has been reflected in citizens' improved evaluation of the EU's involvement in the fight against unemployment, but there is still a very high demand for even more EU intervention in this policy area (76 % of EU citizens). In the future, new or updated legislation relating to employment could modernise work to help in adjustment to a digital world, support sustainable transitions from unemployment into employment and between jobs, increase labour mobility and create closer coordination between economic and social policies. This is an update of an earlier briefing issued in advance of the 2019 European elections.

Youth Employment Initiative in Slovenia

15-09-2017

This paper presents recent developments in (youth) employment and the implementation of the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) in Slovenia, including a brief overview of trends, policy developments and measures taken or planned in this field. Specific attention is given to the measure First Challenge 2015, which is the only measure supported through the YEI in Slovenia. The paper has been prepared upon request of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs of the European Parliament in view of ...

This paper presents recent developments in (youth) employment and the implementation of the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) in Slovenia, including a brief overview of trends, policy developments and measures taken or planned in this field. Specific attention is given to the measure First Challenge 2015, which is the only measure supported through the YEI in Slovenia. The paper has been prepared upon request of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs of the European Parliament in view of its fact-finding delegation to Slovenia and Croatia in September 2017.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Anita RAMSAK, Ecorys, Zagreb

Youth Employment Initiative

14-09-2017

The Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) is the main EU funding programme of the Youth Guarantee (YG) political commitment. It was established to support young people not in education, employment or training (NEETs) in regions with a youth unemployment rate above 25 %. The YEI has been in place for three years and both the initial results and the initial evaluations are positive.

The Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) is the main EU funding programme of the Youth Guarantee (YG) political commitment. It was established to support young people not in education, employment or training (NEETs) in regions with a youth unemployment rate above 25 %. The YEI has been in place for three years and both the initial results and the initial evaluations are positive.

Youth Employment Initiative: European Implementation Assessment

30-06-2017

This in-depth analysis, produced by the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit of the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), aims at presenting an overview of the state of implementation of the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI), which was established in 2013. It was drafted following the publication of the European Commission's report on the YEI and the Youth Guarantee, and also takes the findings of the Court of Auditors' special reports on the implementation of both instruments into account. The analysis ...

This in-depth analysis, produced by the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit of the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), aims at presenting an overview of the state of implementation of the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI), which was established in 2013. It was drafted following the publication of the European Commission's report on the YEI and the Youth Guarantee, and also takes the findings of the Court of Auditors' special reports on the implementation of both instruments into account. The analysis seeks to contribute to the preparation of a non-legislative implementation report by the European Parliament's Committee on Employment and Social Affairs.

From Bratislava to Rome: The European Council’s role in shaping a common future for EU-27

18-04-2017

The Rome Declaration of 25 March 2017, issued by the Heads of State or Government of the EU-27 on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the Treaties of Rome, marked the end of a process that started after the UK referendum on EU membership on 23 June 2016. The aim of this In-depth Analysis is to assess the outcomes of the various EU-27 and European Council meetings in the period between the Bratislava summit of 16 September 2016 and the Rome summit of 25 March 2017, in relation to the objectives ...

The Rome Declaration of 25 March 2017, issued by the Heads of State or Government of the EU-27 on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the Treaties of Rome, marked the end of a process that started after the UK referendum on EU membership on 23 June 2016. The aim of this In-depth Analysis is to assess the outcomes of the various EU-27 and European Council meetings in the period between the Bratislava summit of 16 September 2016 and the Rome summit of 25 March 2017, in relation to the objectives laid out in the Bratislava Declaration and Roadmap. The analysis shows that substantial progress has been made on the Bratislava commitments for all three policy priorities listed – migration, security, and the economy. It also reflects on how the Rome Declaration and Bratislava process were shaped by the overall context of the growing concerns of EU citizens and their attitude towards the EU and demonstrates how the views of the different EU institutions and the various Member States have converged during this process, leading to a consensual Rome Declaration.

Youth Employment Initiative: Lessons from Implementation

14-04-2017

This note provides an overview of the design, outputs and first outcomes of the Youth Employment Initiative. It analyses its strengths and weaknesses concluding with a number of recommendations to increase accessibility and effectiveness.

This note provides an overview of the design, outputs and first outcomes of the Youth Employment Initiative. It analyses its strengths and weaknesses concluding with a number of recommendations to increase accessibility and effectiveness.

Youth Guarantee: Lessons from implementation

14-04-2017

This note provides an overview of the overall state of implementation of the Youth Guarantee and analyses selected results, such as coverage and the take-up of offers by young people. It discusses issues of service delivery and the quality of offers under Youth Gurantee schemes with a view to stakeholder positions.

This note provides an overview of the overall state of implementation of the Youth Guarantee and analyses selected results, such as coverage and the take-up of offers by young people. It discusses issues of service delivery and the quality of offers under Youth Gurantee schemes with a view to stakeholder positions.

Workshop summary report: Youth Guarantee – Youth Employment Initiative

14-04-2017

This Workshop report provides analysis on the Youth Guarantee, a policy initiative, and the Youth Employment Initiative, a funding instrument to fight youth unemployment. Country examples include Slovenia and Spain. The report presents key points from the discussion with Committee Members. such as achievements, sustainability, expectations towards the Committee Members.

This Workshop report provides analysis on the Youth Guarantee, a policy initiative, and the Youth Employment Initiative, a funding instrument to fight youth unemployment. Country examples include Slovenia and Spain. The report presents key points from the discussion with Committee Members. such as achievements, sustainability, expectations towards the Committee Members.

Skills development and employment: Apprenticeships, internships and volunteering

14-04-2017

This study discusses participation, outcomes, quality and challenges of apprenticeships, internships/traineeships and volunteering schemes. Though important, all three forms face challenges that need attention in the related existing and planned EU-level initiatives (such as the planned Quality Framework for Apprenticeships). Issues concern, for example, providing clarity on the employment status (mainly for apprenticeships) and on fair remuneration, thus limiting the risk of being sources for cheap ...

This study discusses participation, outcomes, quality and challenges of apprenticeships, internships/traineeships and volunteering schemes. Though important, all three forms face challenges that need attention in the related existing and planned EU-level initiatives (such as the planned Quality Framework for Apprenticeships). Issues concern, for example, providing clarity on the employment status (mainly for apprenticeships) and on fair remuneration, thus limiting the risk of being sources for cheap labour. The note was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL) to support the Committee’s work on the New Skills Agenda.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Simon Broeki, Terence Hogarth, Liga Baltina, Amerigo Lombardi (Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini)

NEETs: who are they? Being young and not in employment, education or training today

23-03-2017

'NEET' is an acronym used to refer to young people who are not in education, employment or training. The expression, which first emerged in the mid-90s in the United Kingdom, has been eagerly adopted by the media, policy makers and researchers due to its usefulness in describing the disproportionate effects of the economic crisis on the education, training and employability of young Europeans and, in the long term, on their social inclusion. In 2015 in the European Union, 12 % of 15- to 24-year-olds ...

'NEET' is an acronym used to refer to young people who are not in education, employment or training. The expression, which first emerged in the mid-90s in the United Kingdom, has been eagerly adopted by the media, policy makers and researchers due to its usefulness in describing the disproportionate effects of the economic crisis on the education, training and employability of young Europeans and, in the long term, on their social inclusion. In 2015 in the European Union, 12 % of 15- to 24-year-olds (6.6 million people) were not in a job, training or an internship. If we include young people up to the age of 29, the number of NEETs increases to almost 14 million, or 14.8 % of that age group. This social group is highly diverse, including short- and long-term unemployed people, young people in transition, young people with family responsibilities and people with disabilities or medical conditions. Statistically, young women are over-represented and the probability of being a NEET increases with age; that figure is also inversely proportional to the level of education reached and varies widely from one Member State to another. In response to the worsening of the NEET situation following the crisis, the European Commission drew up an EU Youth Strategy for the 2010-2018 period, whilst the European Parliament defended the NEET cause. The Youth Guarantee scheme created as a result is the European Union's key measure to provide support to NEETs.

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