18

αποτέλεσμα(ατα)

Λέξη (-εις)
Τύπος δημοσίευσης
Τομέας πολιτικής
Συντάκτης
Ημερομηνία

Fact-finding visit to Spain - 19 - 21 September 2018

12-09-2018

This briefing provides background information on the history, the development and the current situation of the Doñana National Park in the south of Spain. The PETI Committee has received a number of petitions on environmental issues concerning Doñana and decided to send a small delegation of its members on a fact-finding visit to the area. The briefing also provides the latest information on the state of play of the petitions, in particular with regard to the response of the European Commission to ...

This briefing provides background information on the history, the development and the current situation of the Doñana National Park in the south of Spain. The PETI Committee has received a number of petitions on environmental issues concerning Doñana and decided to send a small delegation of its members on a fact-finding visit to the area. The briefing also provides the latest information on the state of play of the petitions, in particular with regard to the response of the European Commission to the petitions.

Research for AGRI Committee - The revival of wolves and other large predators and its impact on farmers and their livelihood in rural regions of Europe

16-08-2018

This study surveys the current status of large carnivores in Europe and assesses their impact on livestock from the available data on compensation payments and from field research. Recommendations on livestock protection measures are provided, as well on the integration of these into locally adapted holistic management systems.

This study surveys the current status of large carnivores in Europe and assesses their impact on livestock from the available data on compensation payments and from field research. Recommendations on livestock protection measures are provided, as well on the integration of these into locally adapted holistic management systems.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

John D. C. LINNELL, Benjamin CRETOIS - Norwegian Institute for Nature Research

Overcoming barriers – management of large carnivores in the Alps

27-06-2018

After centuries of intensive hunting large carnivores like brown bears, Eurasian lynx and wolves are now recovering in many areas of Europe. This work deals with large carnivore populations in the French Alps focusing on wolf and gives information on the recent population status, management, legal frameworks and recommendations for habitat protection and coexistence of humans and large carnivores. The occurrence of wolves in France is limited to the Western Central Alps. In 2017 52 packs (360 individuals ...

After centuries of intensive hunting large carnivores like brown bears, Eurasian lynx and wolves are now recovering in many areas of Europe. This work deals with large carnivore populations in the French Alps focusing on wolf and gives information on the recent population status, management, legal frameworks and recommendations for habitat protection and coexistence of humans and large carnivores. The occurrence of wolves in France is limited to the Western Central Alps. In 2017 52 packs (360 individuals) were monitored. The Western Alpine population is of Italian origin, and migration moving from the Apennines to the Alpine population is still underway. Wolf populations are still far from being accepted by local farmers and livestock breeders, and conflicts with hunters are also reported. A French wolf plan exists. The actions listed in the wolf plan are based on livestock protection and compensations. The principles of “tir de défense” (removal of stock raiding individuals) and “tir de prélèvement” (a yearly defined number of individuals are removed) are applied. The goal is to reduce predation and keep or increase wolf populations and maintain them at favourable conservation status. Lynx is present in France in the Jura, the Vosges-Palatinian region and in the Alps. The alpine population originates from the Carpathians, where the nearest autochthonous population can be found. In 2016 100 individuals lived in France, and a small population of around 30 individuals has settled in the North of the French Alps (Savoie). For the lynx no management plan exists. In France the occurrence of bears is limited to the Pyrenees with an estimated population of 19 bears. There is no Alpine bear population in France. For the management of the brown bear a French bear plan exists. Bears, wolves and lynx are strictly protected by international and national laws, but for their practical management, almost all countries with substantial populations of these carnivores have some regulations allowing for the targeted removal of problem animals. For large carnivores interregional wildlife habitat planning on the European level is important. It would clearly be desirable to have more transnational cooperation to develop more flexible management practices beyond national borders. The Habitat Directive with its focus on the favourable conservation status (FCS), combined with the Bonn and the Bern conventions, provides a good basis to achieve this.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Katrin Sedy

Large Carnivore Management Plans of Protection: Best Practices in EU Member States

15-02-2018

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee. This paper analyses the legal framework on large carnivores – brown bear (Ursus arctos), Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx), wolf (Canis lupus), wolverine (Gulo gulo) - and their current management within the EU are presented. Additionally, the best coexistence methods obtained from research and EU-funded projects are compiled. A thorough analysis ...

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee. This paper analyses the legal framework on large carnivores – brown bear (Ursus arctos), Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx), wolf (Canis lupus), wolverine (Gulo gulo) - and their current management within the EU are presented. Additionally, the best coexistence methods obtained from research and EU-funded projects are compiled. A thorough analysis of the conditions for derogations under the Habitats Directive is followed by the implications of the current management. A general review and recommendations are made.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Alberto FERNÁNDEZ-GIL ,Duarte CADETE DA ROCHA PEREIRA ,Sara Maria DIAS FERREIRA PINTO, Ilaria DI SILVESTRE

RESEARCH FOR PECH COMMITTEE - Fisheries in Madeira

15-06-2017

The overview of the fisheries in Madeira was prepared to provide information for the mission of the Committee of Fisheries to Madeira in 2017 (22-25 May).

The overview of the fisheries in Madeira was prepared to provide information for the mission of the Committee of Fisheries to Madeira in 2017 (22-25 May).

Fisheries in areas beyond national jurisdiction

07-04-2016

In June 2015, a UN resolution launched the development of a legally binding international instrument expected to break new ground in the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction. Fisheries aspects to be considered in this future agreement are discussed in a European Parliament report.

In June 2015, a UN resolution launched the development of a legally binding international instrument expected to break new ground in the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction. Fisheries aspects to be considered in this future agreement are discussed in a European Parliament report.

Plant health legislation: Protective measures against plant pests

22-03-2016

Following an evaluation of the European Union's plant health regime, on 6 May 2013 the European Commission proposed a new regulation on protective measures against plant pests. These include regulating pests on the basis of established criteria for risk assessment and prioritising those pests with the most serious consequences. More focus is being placed on high-risk trade coming from third countries. The proposal provides for better surveillance and the early eradication of outbreaks of new pests ...

Following an evaluation of the European Union's plant health regime, on 6 May 2013 the European Commission proposed a new regulation on protective measures against plant pests. These include regulating pests on the basis of established criteria for risk assessment and prioritising those pests with the most serious consequences. More focus is being placed on high-risk trade coming from third countries. The proposal provides for better surveillance and the early eradication of outbreaks of new pests. On 15 April 2014, the outgoing European Parliament adopted its first-reading position. Seven trilogue meetings were held which concluded on 16 December 2015, when the representatives of the Council and Parliament finalised an overall compromise text. Once the Council adopts its first reading position, the text could then be adopted by the Parliament without amendment in an early second reading. A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html

Wildlife Crime

15-03-2016

This study gives an overview of the state of wildlife crime in Europe based on available documents, EU-Twix data and empirical research including interviews. The study identifies main routes and species linked to illegal wildlife trade, as well as enforcement deficits. It also develops policy recommendations in view of the upcoming EU Action Plan.

This study gives an overview of the state of wildlife crime in Europe based on available documents, EU-Twix data and empirical research including interviews. The study identifies main routes and species linked to illegal wildlife trade, as well as enforcement deficits. It also develops policy recommendations in view of the upcoming EU Action Plan.

Research for AGRI Committee - Agriculture in Andalusia

15-03-2016

This memo was drawn up for the delegation of the European Parliament's Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development to Andalusia (Spain) in May 2016. It includes: 1) an introduction, setting out the key political, geographical, climatic and demographic data; 2) a chapter entirely devoted to the EU's and Spain's macro-economic framework; 3) a study of the agri-food sector in Andalusia; 4) the region's environmental challenges; and finally 5) concluding comments on the implementation of EU agricultural ...

This memo was drawn up for the delegation of the European Parliament's Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development to Andalusia (Spain) in May 2016. It includes: 1) an introduction, setting out the key political, geographical, climatic and demographic data; 2) a chapter entirely devoted to the EU's and Spain's macro-economic framework; 3) a study of the agri-food sector in Andalusia; 4) the region's environmental challenges; and finally 5) concluding comments on the implementation of EU agricultural funds in Andalusia and indications of the new CAP's key regional impacts for the 2014-2020 period, based on the application model adopted by the Spanish authorities.

Safeguarding biological diversity: EU policy and international agreements

01-04-2015

Biodiversity, the diversity of life on earth at all levels, is declining, mainly as a result of human-induced pressures such as over-exploitation of natural resources, loss of viable habitats, pollution, climate change or invasive alien species. EU biodiversity policy is based on the Birds and Habitats Directives, which served as the basis for the development of the Natura 2000 network of protected sites now covering 1 million square kilometres on land (or 18% of EU land area) and 250 000 square ...

Biodiversity, the diversity of life on earth at all levels, is declining, mainly as a result of human-induced pressures such as over-exploitation of natural resources, loss of viable habitats, pollution, climate change or invasive alien species. EU biodiversity policy is based on the Birds and Habitats Directives, which served as the basis for the development of the Natura 2000 network of protected sites now covering 1 million square kilometres on land (or 18% of EU land area) and 250 000 square kilometres of marine sites. The policy is driven by the biodiversity strategy setting ambitious aims for 2020 (halting the loss of biodiversity) and 2050 (protecting and valuing biodiversity and ecosystem services), with the addition of a strategy on green infrastructure. The European Commission estimates that the Natura 2000 network delivers benefits worth between €200 and €300 billion per year, against management costs estimated at €5.8 billion per year. The LIFE Programme co-finances some measures related to biodiversity, especially as regards Natura 2000. Funding aimed at protecting biodiversity is also available under the agricultural, regional, fisheries, and research policies. The European Parliament has long been supportive of EU biodiversity protection policy. Developments in EU biodiversity policy include a process of 'biodiversity proofing' of the EU budget, improved monitoring, definition of priorities for the restoration of degraded ecosystems, 'biodiversity offsetting' of unavoidable residual impacts, and a 'fitness check' of EU nature legislation.

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