4

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Ημερομηνία

Quality Differences in Consumer Products In the EU Legislation

30-11-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, deals with so called dual quality products, that is goods (food products, detergents, cosmetics, toiletries and products intended for babies, etc.) marketed on the Single Market under the same brand or trademark but with differences in content, composition or quality in individual EU Member States. The issue of dual quality products is one of ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, deals with so called dual quality products, that is goods (food products, detergents, cosmetics, toiletries and products intended for babies, etc.) marketed on the Single Market under the same brand or trademark but with differences in content, composition or quality in individual EU Member States. The issue of dual quality products is one of the recent issues that the EU has only begun to focus on in recent years. Initially, it was rather an individual initiative of the individual MEPs, subsequently the European Parliament as a whole and the European Commission began to deal with it. The European Commission issued several legal standards that initially interpreted the existing legal regulation, later directly identified dual quality as an unfair commercial practice.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

doc. JUDr. Blanka VÍTOVÁ, Vice-dean for Science and Research, Palacký University Olomouc (Czech Republic)

Horizon 2020 budget and implementation: A guide to the structure of the programme

03-11-2015

Horizon 2020, the current framework programme for research and innovation, inherited features from its predecessors, whilst simultaneously proposing a new architecture to support all activities in the research and innovation system – from blue-sky research to close-to-market applications. Including all these dimensions introduced several levels of complexity to the programme's implementation. Following the distribution of the budget – from the nine Commission Directorates-General which oversee Horizon ...

Horizon 2020, the current framework programme for research and innovation, inherited features from its predecessors, whilst simultaneously proposing a new architecture to support all activities in the research and innovation system – from blue-sky research to close-to-market applications. Including all these dimensions introduced several levels of complexity to the programme's implementation. Following the distribution of the budget – from the nine Commission Directorates-General which oversee Horizon 2020, to the 22 bodies which manage its implementation, along three main pillars and two specific objectives – this document provides a guide to the programme exploring the multiple levels of complexity.

Scientific advice for policy-makers in the European Union

19-06-2015

Scientific knowledge has become a key element in the policy-making process, alongside societal values and political considerations. As a consequence, stronger science advice systems have been developed to provide timely and useful scientific advice to policy-makers in both legislative and executive bodies. Such systems for the provision of advice integrate various institutions and structures in order to address adequately the specific needs of policy-makers: providing strong scientific expertise ...

Scientific knowledge has become a key element in the policy-making process, alongside societal values and political considerations. As a consequence, stronger science advice systems have been developed to provide timely and useful scientific advice to policy-makers in both legislative and executive bodies. Such systems for the provision of advice integrate various institutions and structures in order to address adequately the specific needs of policy-makers: providing strong scientific expertise in an accessible format; informing the development of long-term policies as well as providing advice during emergencies and crises; and providing advice proactively through foresight activities and reactively at the request of policy-makers. Global challenges put additional pressure on science advice systems, requiring them to address issues that are both multidisciplinary and multijurisdictional. The improvement of cooperation between science advisory bodies across geo-political borders has been recognised. Experts also call for the definition of common guidelines and principles for the production of science advice. In the European Union, systems are evolving at national level as well as in the EU institutions. Following the abolition of the position of Chief Scientific Adviser to the President of the European Commission in 2014, a new Science Advice Mechanism (SAM) consisting of a 'High Level Group' and a unit in DG Research is expected to be established in Autumn 2015. The SAM aims to improve the coordination of the science advice system within the European Commission and the interaction with the science advice systems of Member States.

Cost-Effectiveness at the EU's Joint Research Centre

01-01-1999

This study, originally prepared for a delegation of the Committee on Budgetary Control when it visited Ispra in October 1998, reviews the question of the cost-effectiveness of management of the JRC's Institutes in the light of exchanges of views and correspondence with the Director-General. An annex examines how the concept of the customer-contractor relationship might be applied at the JRC.

This study, originally prepared for a delegation of the Committee on Budgetary Control when it visited Ispra in October 1998, reviews the question of the cost-effectiveness of management of the JRC's Institutes in the light of exchanges of views and correspondence with the Director-General. An annex examines how the concept of the customer-contractor relationship might be applied at the JRC.

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