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Ημερομηνία

What if blockchain offered a way to reconcile privacy with transparency?

27-09-2018

One of the most appealing aspects of blockchain technology is the degree of transparency that it can provide. Blockchain has the potential to improve supply chains and clinical trials, enforce the law, enable responsible consumption and enhance democratic governance through a traceability of information as a means of ensuring that nothing is unduly modified. The level of transparency that blockchain brings forward adds a degree of accountability that has not existed to date. At the same time, one ...

One of the most appealing aspects of blockchain technology is the degree of transparency that it can provide. Blockchain has the potential to improve supply chains and clinical trials, enforce the law, enable responsible consumption and enhance democratic governance through a traceability of information as a means of ensuring that nothing is unduly modified. The level of transparency that blockchain brings forward adds a degree of accountability that has not existed to date. At the same time, one of the most appealing aspects of blockchain technology is the degree of privacy that it can provide. How could blockchain safeguard the rights to privacy and control over one’s data, whilst promoting data transparency?

Developing supercomputers in Europe

24-10-2017

A number of companies, universities and start-ups are racing to develop the fastest supercomputer in global rankings. So far China, Switzerland and the USA occupy the top four places in this regard, while the EU does not feature in the top 10. To address the situation, the European Commission has launched, as part of its European cloud strategy, a target plan to acquire and develop European high-performance computers that would rank among the world's top three by 2022. This would allow European science ...

A number of companies, universities and start-ups are racing to develop the fastest supercomputer in global rankings. So far China, Switzerland and the USA occupy the top four places in this regard, while the EU does not feature in the top 10. To address the situation, the European Commission has launched, as part of its European cloud strategy, a target plan to acquire and develop European high-performance computers that would rank among the world's top three by 2022. This would allow European science and technology actors to regain competitive advantage. Supercomputers are increasingly needed to exploit big data and facilitate scientific discoveries that need large computational efforts, such as materials science, artificial intelligence technologies, climate modeling and cryptography. As no single EU Member State has the capacity to develop this on its own, the Commission aims to launch an initiative on the scale of Airbus and, more recently, Galileo, to develop a European data-infrastructure ecosystem in high-performance computing. This has been set as a target in the European digital single market mid-term review, and it has also been established as a goal in the EuroHPC Declaration, which was signed during the first half of 2017 by nine Member States and more are expected. In addition, the Commission has an ambitious €1 billion flagship initiative on quantum technology in place, which will also contribute to the development of quantum supercomputers in the longer term. Expected to surpass traditional supercomputers, the new ones could dramatically improve the technology used in communication, computing and sensing, as well as and in other areas.

Ten more technologies which could change our lives

14-07-2017

In 2015, the European Parliament's Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (DG EPRS) broke new ground with its publication 'Ten technologies which could change our lives – potential impacts and policy implications', with each chapter highlighting a particular technology, its promises and potential negative consequences, and the role that the European Parliament could and should play in shaping these developments. This new study continues this work, presenting ten additional technologies ...

In 2015, the European Parliament's Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (DG EPRS) broke new ground with its publication 'Ten technologies which could change our lives – potential impacts and policy implications', with each chapter highlighting a particular technology, its promises and potential negative consequences, and the role that the European Parliament could and should play in shaping these developments. This new study continues this work, presenting ten additional technologies that will increasingly require the attention of policy-makers. The topics for the current study have been chosen to reflect the wide range of topics that the Parliament's Science and Technology Options Assessment (STOA) Panel has decided to focus upon for the eighth parliamentary term (2014-2019). The aim of the publication is not only to draw attention to these ten particular technologies, but also to promote further reflection about other technological developments that may still be at an early stage but that could, in a similar way, massively impact our lives in the short- or longer-term future.

The EU and terrorism [What Think Tanks are thinking]

02-06-2017

Terrorist attacks in major cities – notably in Paris, Nice, Brussels, Berlin and, most recently, Manchester – have shocked Europeans, highlighting the security challenges for open democracies that result, inter alia, from conflicts in the Middle East and Africa and religious radicalisation at home. In response, the European Union is pushing ahead with its Security Union concept to boost cooperation among Member States and use synergies in combatting terrorism. This note offers links to recent commentaries ...

Terrorist attacks in major cities – notably in Paris, Nice, Brussels, Berlin and, most recently, Manchester – have shocked Europeans, highlighting the security challenges for open democracies that result, inter alia, from conflicts in the Middle East and Africa and religious radicalisation at home. In response, the European Union is pushing ahead with its Security Union concept to boost cooperation among Member States and use synergies in combatting terrorism. This note offers links to recent commentaries and reports from major international think tanks on terrorism in Europe and the EU's response to it.

What if computers were trillions of times faster?

17-01-2017

Could the theory of quantum mechanics one day revolutionise commonplace technical devices such as sensors, communication devices and computers? Quantum mechanics is a scientific theory that has revolutionised our understanding of the Universe. In the world of classical physics, a system is always in one particular state (e.g. at rest or in motion) while in the quantum world, a system can be in a superposition of two or more states. Performing a measurement on such a superposition causes it to collapse ...

Could the theory of quantum mechanics one day revolutionise commonplace technical devices such as sensors, communication devices and computers? Quantum mechanics is a scientific theory that has revolutionised our understanding of the Universe. In the world of classical physics, a system is always in one particular state (e.g. at rest or in motion) while in the quantum world, a system can be in a superposition of two or more states. Performing a measurement on such a superposition causes it to collapse into a single state. Furthermore, in contrast to the classical world, where a system can be measured without changing it, in the quantum world a measurement can have an impact on the state of the system.

Mass Surveillance - Part 2: Technology foresight, options for longer term security and privacy improvements

13-01-2015

The main objective of part two of this study is to provide the European Parliament with policy options, based on technology foresight, with regard to the protection of the EuropeanInformation Society against mass surveillance from a perspective of technology and organisational foresight. Four scenarios with two to four technology options each were developed in this study, leading to twenty-three policy options.

The main objective of part two of this study is to provide the European Parliament with policy options, based on technology foresight, with regard to the protection of the EuropeanInformation Society against mass surveillance from a perspective of technology and organisational foresight. Four scenarios with two to four technology options each were developed in this study, leading to twenty-three policy options.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Company: Capgemini Consulting Authors: M. van den Berg P. de Graaf (editor) P.O. Kwant T. Slewe

Mass Surveillance - Part 1: Risks and opportunities raised by the current generation of network services and applications

12-01-2015

This document identifies the risks of data breaches for users of publicly available Internet services such as email, social networks and cloud computing, and the possible impacts for them and the European Information Society. It presents the latest technology advances allowing the analysis of user data and their meta-data on a mass scale for surveillance reasons. It identifies technological and organisational measures and the key stakeholders for reducing the risks identified. Finally the study proposes ...

This document identifies the risks of data breaches for users of publicly available Internet services such as email, social networks and cloud computing, and the possible impacts for them and the European Information Society. It presents the latest technology advances allowing the analysis of user data and their meta-data on a mass scale for surveillance reasons. It identifies technological and organisational measures and the key stakeholders for reducing the risks identified. Finally the study proposes possible policy options, in support of the risk reduction measures identified by the study.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Company: TECNALIA Research and Investigation Authors: Arkaitz Gamino Garcia Concepción Cortes Velasco Eider Iturbe Zamalloa Erkuden Rios Velasco Iñaki Eguía Elejabarrieta Javier Herrera Lotero Jason Mansell (Linguistic Review) José Javier Larrañeta Ibañez Stefan Schuster (Editor)

Development of Surveillance Technology and Risk of Abuse of Economic Information - Appraisal of Technologies of Political Control (Volume 1 to 5)

28-03-1999

Volume 1 - Presentation and Analysis. Containing four studies, this volume, commissioned by STOA, on electronic surveillance and the risk of abuse of economic information compares and contrasts the legislation covering fundamental freedoms with the respect for human rights. Volume 2 - The state of the art in communications. Communications Intelligence (COMINT) of automated processing for intelligence purposes of inrtercepted broadband multi-language leased or common carrier systems, and its applicability ...

Volume 1 - Presentation and Analysis. Containing four studies, this volume, commissioned by STOA, on electronic surveillance and the risk of abuse of economic information compares and contrasts the legislation covering fundamental freedoms with the respect for human rights. Volume 2 - The state of the art in communications. Communications Intelligence (COMINT) of automated processing for intelligence purposes of inrtercepted broadband multi-language leased or common carrier systems, and its applicability to COMINT targeting and selection, including speech recognition. Volume 3 - Encryption and cryptosystems in electronic surveillance : a survey of the technology assessment issues. Volume 4 - The legality of the interception of electronic communications. A concise survey of the principal legal issues and instruments under international, European and national law. Volume 5 - The perception of economic risks arising from the potential vulnerability of electronic commercial media to interception : Survey of opinions of experts.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Peggy Becker (visiting researcher, Directorate General for Research, European Parliament) - Volume 1 Duncan Campbell (IPTV Ltd., Edinburgh, the UK) - Volume 2 Franck Leprevost (Technische Universität Berlin, Germany) - Volume 3 Chris Elliot - Volume 4 Nikos Bogolikos (Zeus E.E.I.G) - Volume 5

Προσεχείς εκδηλώσεις

30-11-2020
EPRS online Book Talk | How to own the room (and the zoom) [...]
Άλλη δραστηριότητα -
EPRS
30-11-2020
Hearing on Future-proofing the Tourism Sector: Challenges and Opportunities Ahead
Ακρόαση -
TRAN
30-11-2020
LIBE - FEMM Joint Hearing: Combating Gender based Violence: Cyber Violence
Ακρόαση -
FEMM LIBE

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