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Ημερομηνία

Budgetary control of the Sustainable Development Goals in the EU budget

27-07-2021

As of July 2021, only very limited conclusions can be drawn about the performance of EU policies and programmes towards the Sustainable Development Goals. With only nine years left until 2030, this raises the question as to whether the EU budget is used efficiently via the many spending programmes. This briefing explores what kind of measures are in place to ensure that the implementation of the EU budget contributes effectively to the SDGs at both the EU- and Member States level.

As of July 2021, only very limited conclusions can be drawn about the performance of EU policies and programmes towards the Sustainable Development Goals. With only nine years left until 2030, this raises the question as to whether the EU budget is used efficiently via the many spending programmes. This briefing explores what kind of measures are in place to ensure that the implementation of the EU budget contributes effectively to the SDGs at both the EU- and Member States level.

National budgets and the European Union budget since 2007

16-07-2021

National budgets are a competence of the national governments of the Member States. However, EU countries adopting the euro have to meet specific conditions designed to ensure economic convergence, known as the convergence criteria or Maastricht criteria (agreed by the Member States in the Maastricht Treaty of 1992). They include conditions on sound and sustainable public finances, along with the macroeconomic indicators - price stability, durability of convergence, and exchange rate stability.

National budgets are a competence of the national governments of the Member States. However, EU countries adopting the euro have to meet specific conditions designed to ensure economic convergence, known as the convergence criteria or Maastricht criteria (agreed by the Member States in the Maastricht Treaty of 1992). They include conditions on sound and sustainable public finances, along with the macroeconomic indicators - price stability, durability of convergence, and exchange rate stability.

Brexit Adjustment Reserve

15-07-2021

As part of the preparations for the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union, the European Council agreed in July 2020 to create a Brexit adjustment reserve within the special instruments outside the budget ceilings of the European Union's multiannual financial framework, with a budget of €5 billion to counter unforeseen and adverse consequences in Member States and sectors that are most affected. The Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on the Brexit adjustment reserve on 25 ...

As part of the preparations for the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union, the European Council agreed in July 2020 to create a Brexit adjustment reserve within the special instruments outside the budget ceilings of the European Union's multiannual financial framework, with a budget of €5 billion to counter unforeseen and adverse consequences in Member States and sectors that are most affected. The Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on the Brexit adjustment reserve on 25 December 2020. The reserve will support public expenditure incurred by Member States from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2023 for eligible measures, which include support for affected sectors, training, and new border facilities. Funding will be available for all Member States, distributed in several allocation tranches, with 80 % of the resources due to be allocated to Member States in the form of pre-financing, to be disbursed in 2021, 2022 and 2023, and the remainder to be made available in 2025, where applicable. Each country's allocation is calculated based on the importance of its trade with the UK and, where applicable, its dependence on fisheries in UK waters and the size of the population of maritime border regions with the UK. In the European Parliament, the file was assigned to the Committee on Regional Development, which adopted its report on 25 May 2021. A final political trilogue meeting took place on 17 June 2021, confirming the political agreement reached between the Council and Parliament. That agreement now needs to be formally adopted in plenary, expected in September 2021, and then by the Council. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

The Sustainable Development Goals in the EU budget

15-07-2021

This briefing will present an overview of the implementation of the SDGs in the EU long-term budget.

This briefing will present an overview of the implementation of the SDGs in the EU long-term budget.

The financial management of visitor groups to the national parliaments

08-07-2021

In most Member States, visitor’ groups are not sponsored to visit the national parliament. A visit to the national parliament is free of charge, and all the costs related to the visit, for example travel costs, accommodation and local minor expenses, need to be paid by the visitors themselves. Germany is the only country which has various kinds of programmes where visitors can be reimbursed. Members of Parliament can invite up to 200 people a year of which the travel costs are partially covered by ...

In most Member States, visitor’ groups are not sponsored to visit the national parliament. A visit to the national parliament is free of charge, and all the costs related to the visit, for example travel costs, accommodation and local minor expenses, need to be paid by the visitors themselves. Germany is the only country which has various kinds of programmes where visitors can be reimbursed. Members of Parliament can invite up to 200 people a year of which the travel costs are partially covered by the German Bundestag. There is also a programme which consists of more days for which all the costs related to travel and accommodation are covered by the German government. The German Bundesrat has a programme in which the 16 federal states can invite people for a visit of multiple days to Berlin. In this case the travel costs and accommodation are paid for by the Bundesrat. For all reimbursements, the rules apply that the receipts and underlying documents need to be provided to the Bundestag and Bundesrat after the visit. All documents and receipts are checked through an ex-post control. The United Kingdom has a programme in which costs are reimbursed, and this programme is funded by the commercial tours of the parliament. In this case, it can be MPs, Peers or the House of Commons or Lords who can invite visitors who are eligible for reimbursement. In Hungary, only schools can get reimbursement for their travel costs and the entry fee for the national parliament. All the receipts need to be provided to the visitor service of the parliament. Some countries do have other schemes in which they provide coverage for schools or costs are covered by the MPs’ own funds. The Council of the EU does not sponsor visitor groups. All visits are requested by visitors themselves and they need to cover all the costs related to the visit themselves. The questions were also sent to the European Commission but no answer was received.

The Impact of Organised Crime on the EU’s Financial Interests

07-07-2021

The research, which focused on a sample of 14 EU Member States (BG, CZ, ES, FR, FI, DE, GR, HU, IT, LU, LV, MT, SE and SK), involved a combination of desk-research, interviews and quantitative modelling. The study considered the impact of organised crime on EU expenditure (e.g. Cohesion Funds) as well EU revenues (e.g. VAT own resources).

The research, which focused on a sample of 14 EU Member States (BG, CZ, ES, FR, FI, DE, GR, HU, IT, LU, LV, MT, SE and SK), involved a combination of desk-research, interviews and quantitative modelling. The study considered the impact of organised crime on EU expenditure (e.g. Cohesion Funds) as well EU revenues (e.g. VAT own resources).

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Jack MALAN et al., CSES

Amending budget No 3/2021: 2020 surplus

01-07-2021

Draft Amending Budget No 3/2021 (DAB 3/2021) to the European Union's 2021 general budget aims to enter as revenue in the 2021 budget the surplus resulting from the implementation of the 2020 budget. The 2020 surplus totals almost €1.77 billion (as compared to €3.2 billion in 2019, €1.8 billion in 2018 and €0.56 billion in 2017). It consists mostly of higher than expected revenues, plus under-spending on the expenditure side. Inclusion of the surplus will reduce the gross national income (GNI) contributions ...

Draft Amending Budget No 3/2021 (DAB 3/2021) to the European Union's 2021 general budget aims to enter as revenue in the 2021 budget the surplus resulting from the implementation of the 2020 budget. The 2020 surplus totals almost €1.77 billion (as compared to €3.2 billion in 2019, €1.8 billion in 2018 and €0.56 billion in 2017). It consists mostly of higher than expected revenues, plus under-spending on the expenditure side. Inclusion of the surplus will reduce the gross national income (GNI) contributions of the EU Member States to the 2021 budget accordingly. The European Parliament is expected to vote on the Council position on DAB 3/2021 during its July plenary session.

Proceedings of the workshop on The EU’s current role in GRECO and ambitions for the future: How to move towards full membership

30-06-2021

The Council of Europe (CoE) has been playing a crucial role in the promotion of human rights, democracy and the rule of law for more than 70 years. The fight against corruption is essential for maintaining the rule of law. Corruption undermines the functioning of the state and public authorities at all levels and is a key enabler of organised crime. Effective anti-corruption frameworks, transparency and integrity in the exercise of state power can strengthen legal systems and trust in public authorities ...

The Council of Europe (CoE) has been playing a crucial role in the promotion of human rights, democracy and the rule of law for more than 70 years. The fight against corruption is essential for maintaining the rule of law. Corruption undermines the functioning of the state and public authorities at all levels and is a key enabler of organised crime. Effective anti-corruption frameworks, transparency and integrity in the exercise of state power can strengthen legal systems and trust in public authorities . The Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) is the CoE’s anti-corruption body. It is currently composed of 50 member states, with others expressing an interest. Apart from all European Union (EU) Member States, its members include countries such as Belarus, Switzerland, the UK, the USA and, most recently, Kazakhstan, which joined in 2020. The EU supports the work of the CoE by contributing to its budget to fund joint programmes and supporting cooperation in the legal field to foster political dialogue. The EU became an observer to GRECO in July 2019. The objective of this workshop is to exchange views on the EU’s potential full membership of GRECO in the future. In the context of the preparations for the organisation of the workshop, the Chair of the Committee on Budgetary Control has sought the opinion of Parliament’s Legal Service on the possibility for the EU to become a full member of the CoE Agreement establishing GRECO. This paper will present GRECO and its work, GRECO cooperation with the EU and the conclusions of the opinion of Parliament’s Legal Service.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Vera Milicevic

Public sector loan facility under the Just Transition Mechanism

21-06-2021

The public sector loan facility (PSLF) is the third pillar of the Just Transition Mechanism, along with the Just Transition Fund and just transition scheme under InvestEU. The PSLF consists of a grant and a loan component. With the contribution of €1.525 billion for the grant component from the Union budget and European Investment Bank lending of €10 billion from its own resources, the aim is to mobilise between €25 and 30 billion in public investment over the 2021-2027 period (in 2018 prices). Funding ...

The public sector loan facility (PSLF) is the third pillar of the Just Transition Mechanism, along with the Just Transition Fund and just transition scheme under InvestEU. The PSLF consists of a grant and a loan component. With the contribution of €1.525 billion for the grant component from the Union budget and European Investment Bank lending of €10 billion from its own resources, the aim is to mobilise between €25 and 30 billion in public investment over the 2021-2027 period (in 2018 prices). Funding will be available to all Member States, while focusing on the regions with the biggest transition challenges. The provisional agreement on the proposal reached after trilogue negotiations with the Council now needs to be confirmed by the European Parliament, with a vote expected to take place during the June II 2021 plenary session.

The integration of the European Development Funds into the MFF 2021 - 2027

18-06-2021

This briefing presents detail on the current Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) 2021-2027 that marks a turning point, in that it brings together all the EU’s different funds for development cooperation in a single instrument, in order to ensure consistency between different fields of external action.

This briefing presents detail on the current Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) 2021-2027 that marks a turning point, in that it brings together all the EU’s different funds for development cooperation in a single instrument, in order to ensure consistency between different fields of external action.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Alexandra POUWELS

Προσεχείς εκδηλώσεις

07-09-2021
EPRS online policy roundtable: What is the future of (European) sovereignty?
Άλλη δραστηριότητα -
EPRS
08-09-2021
EPRS online policy roundtable: Statistics, Data and Trust: Why figures matter [...]
Άλλη δραστηριότητα -
EPRS
21-09-2021
EPRS online Book Talk with David Harley: Matters of Record: Inside European Politics
Άλλη δραστηριότητα -
EPRS

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