Poland's National Recovery and Resilience Plan: Latest state of play

Briefing 28-09-2022

In nominal terms, Poland is the fourth biggest beneficiary of the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF), after Italy, Spain and France . EU support for implementing Poland's National Recovery and Resilience Plan (NRRP) – Krajowy Plan Odbudowy – amounts to €35.36 billion, and includes €23.85 billion in grants and €11.51 billion in loans (a third of the maximum amount of loans available) . The total allocation (grants and loans) has to be paid out to Poland by the end of 2026; this amount represents almost 5 % of the total RRF and stood at 6.6 % of the country's gross domestic product (GDP) in 2019 (the RRF being 5.2 % of EU-27 GDP in 2019) . RRF support per capita for Poland totals €935. Following the revision of the maximum national allocations carried out by the Commission on 30 June 2022, the RRF non-repayable contribution to Poland's NRRP was reduced to €22.53 billion (-5.6 %). Owing to the plan's late approval, Poland was not eligible for pre-financing. Disbursement of the allocation for Poland – divided into nine instalments for grants and nine for loans – will depend on progress in implementing the plan. In particular, the first instalment can be made only if the commitments concerning the reforms of the judicial system are fulfilled. Poland's NRRP includes 50 reforms and 54 investments, designed to tackle both the Covid-19 pandemic's socioeconomic consequences and more long-standing challenges facing the country. The plan is strongly focused on the green transition and digital transformation. Planned spending on these areas exceeds the compulsory targets, totalling 42.7 % for climate and 21.3 % for digital. Other priority areas include competitiveness of the economy, healthcare, well-functioning public institutions and the judiciary. The European Parliament participates in interinstitutional forums for cooperation and discussion on RRF implementation, and scrutinises the European Commission's work. This briefing is one in a series covering all EU Member States. First edition. The 'NGEU delivery' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the lifecycle of the plans.