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This study examines the existing (and planned) instances of enhanced cooperation (EnC), their institutional set up and state of play. Our analysis is at this point of time limited to the one EnC case with sufficient implementation record (EnC in divorce law, applied for more than six years to date). The remaining cases either began very recently (PESCO in late 2017); are in the preparatory stages (EPPO); are set to start in the near future (2019 for EnC in property regime rules); have not as yet ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs, examines – against a historical backdrop – the legal provisions governing Enhanced Cooperation as well as the so far very limited number of implemented Enhanced Cooperation initiatives. Based on these insights, concrete ideas are formulated on how to optimise this ‘standardised and generalised framework’ of differentiated ...

Recast of the Brussels IIa Regulation

At a Glance 10-01-2018

On 21 November 2017, Parliament's Committee on Legal Affairs adopted its report on the Commission proposal for a recast Brussels IIa Regulation concerning the 'free movement' of judgments in non-patrimonial family matters. Since a special legislative procedure applies, the European Parliament is only consulted; it is expected to vote during its January plenary session.

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, will be presented during a Workshop dedicated to potential and challenges of private international law in the current migratory context. The child’s best interests are a primary consideration under international and EU law. EU migration and private international law frameworks regulate child protection, but in an uncoordinated way: the Dublin ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, will be presented during a Workshop dedicated to potential and challenges of private international law in the current migratory context. While Private International Law governs private relations between persons coming from or living in different States, migration law regulates the flow of people between States. The demarcation between these ...

The prohibition of discrimination and the protection of human rights are important elements of the EU legal order. Nevertheless, discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) persons persists throughout the EU, taking various forms including verbal abuse and physical violence. Sexual orientation is now recognised in EU law as a ground of discrimination. However, the scope of these provisions is limited and does not cover social protection, healthcare, education and ...

The workshop, organised by the Policy Department upon request by the JURI Committee, takes place while the European Parliament is consulted on the Commission proposal to recast the so-called “Brussels IIa” Regulation 2201/2003 concerning jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgements in matrimonial matters and the matters of parental responsibility. The briefings included in this compilation examine the main amendments proposed by the Commission as regards child abduction and return ...

At the request of the European Parliament Committee on Legal Affairs (JURI), this research paper was commissioned by the Policy Department for Citizen's Rights and Constitutional Affairs to examine difficulties experienced in relation to jurisdiction in matrimonial matters, and assess the need for amendment of current legislation concerning party autonomy, transfers of jurisdiction and harmonisation of rules on residual jurisdiction. It concludes that there is a pressing need for reform insofar as ...

In March 2016 the Commission proposed, in parallel, two regulations implementing enhanced cooperation on cross-border aspects of property regimes of marriages and registered partnerships. They replace a pair of earlier proposals from 2011, which lacked unanimous support in the Council.

Applied since 2005 in all EU Member States except Denmark, Council Regulation (EC) No 2201/2003 (‘Brussels IIa’), has raised concerns among citizens, practitioners and academics. The European Parliament has received many recommendations for amendments from experts commissioned by the Policy Department for Citizen’s Rights and Constitutional Affairs. This briefing note presents a reasoned summary of these recommendations in view of the consultation of the EP on the recently published European Commission ...