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Ports have always been an important asset to Europe, serving as gateways to the rest of the world and as connection points to rivers across European territory. For centuries, ports and their cities developed hand in hand, the port generating prosperity for the city. This has changed with the industrial revolution, globalisation and the rapid development of containerisation. Most ports moved out of their cities and their mutual relationship began to suffer. Today, this relationship experiences a new ...

State Aids to EU Seaports

Study 15-12-2011

This study examines the application of the EU State Aid rules for infrastructure investments in the seaport sector and compares recent examples of State Aids for the northern and southern EU seaports against the background of various types of port organisation. The findings of the study can be used for future debates on EU port policy in the TRAN Committee.

The market environment for seaborne trade has changed considerably within the last 15 years. Globalisation, offshoring and the unprecedented growth of containerisation have led to changes in maritime transport and logistics chains. The worldwide economic downturn of 2008-2009 has also had an impact on the ports and maritime sectors. Most ports and shipowners have experienced decreasing freight volumes or throughputs. This study aims to explain the impact of these developments on seaports and to formulate ...