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In September 2020, the European Commission submitted a proposal on asylum and migration management, to replace the 2013 Dublin Regulation that determines the EU Member State responsible for examining asylum applications. While the proposal 'essentially preserves' the current criteria for determining this responsibility, it would also make changes and additions to the regulation, especially on solidarity and responsibility-sharing for asylum-seekers among Member States. The proposal came after a failed ...

Asylum-seekers and refugees must be treated according to the standards laid down in human rights and refugee law. The 2015 migration crisis revealed wide divergences in the reception conditions in the EU Member States. While some encounter difficulties in ensuring adequate and dignified treatment of applicants, others offer more generous standards of reception. This has led to secondary movements of asylum-seekers and refugees, putting pressure on some Member States. The aim of the proposed recast ...

Common procedure for asylum

Briefing 24-05-2024

As part of the common European asylum system (CEAS), the Asylum Procedures Directive sets out procedures for Member States for granting and withdrawing international protection in accordance with the Qualification Directive. Following the large influx of asylum-seekers to the European Union after 2014, the directive came under criticism for being too complex and for leaving Member States too broad discretion, leading to differences in treatment and outcomes. On 13 July 2016, as part of the reform ...

Qualification Directive

At a Glance 08-04-2024

The 2015 migration crisis in Europe called into question existing EU legislation on asylum, in particular the criteria according to which asylum applicants can qualify for international protection status, as recognised in the Qualification Directive. In July 2016, the Commission put forward a proposal to replace the directive with a regulation, setting uniform standards for the recognition of people in need of protection and for the rights granted to beneficiaries of international protection. The ...

Common procedure for asylum

At a Glance 08-04-2024

The 2020 European Commission proposal for a common asylum procedure regulation seeks to establish a harmonised common EU procedure for asylum, to reduce differences in recognition rates between Member States, discourage secondary movements, and ensure the same procedural guarantees across the EU. Processing asylum claims should be faster, with shorter limits for manifestly unfounded or inadmissible asylum requests made at EU borders. During the April I plenary session, the European Parliament is ...

The 2015 migration crisis in the EU revealed wide divergence in the level of reception conditions provided to asylum-seekers by Member States. In July 2016, the Commission put forward a proposal to replace the current Reception Conditions Directive, to ensure that asylum-seekers can benefit from harmonised and dignified reception standards throughout the EU. Parliament is due to vote its first-reading position on the text, provisionally agreed with the Council in December 2023, during its April I ...

EU resettlement framework

At a Glance 08-04-2024

Many migrants and refugees trying to come to Europe risk their lives by embarking on perilous sea journeys to escape persecution, conflict, instability and poverty. On 13 July 2016, as part of the reform of the Common European Asylum System, the European Commission presented a proposal for a regulation establishing an EU resettlement framework, to provide safe and legal ways into the EU for displaced persons in clear need of international protection. During the April I plenary session, the European ...

In 2020, the European Commission presented a revised proposal for an asylum procedure regulation, which seeks to establish a harmonised common EU procedure. During interinstitutional negotiations, a separate act was agreed for the return border procedure. During the April I plenary session, the European Parliament is due to vote its first-reading position on the December 2023 political agreement reached by the co-legislators.

In 2016, with unprecedented numbers of irregular migrants and asylum-seekers arriving in the EU, the European Commission proposed a package of reforms to the common European asylum system (CEAS). In June 2018, a broad provisional agreement was reached between the European Parliament and the presidency of the Council of the EU on several of the reform proposals. However, the agreement did not get the necessary support from the Member States. The reform stalled owing to persistent disagreements among ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, is based on concrete quantitative and qualitative evidence, existing available data, studies and analysis from various sources and documents from national and international institutions. It makes a legal and policy analysis of the EU and international standards applicable to the reception of applicants for international protection, and provides ...