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After the financial crisis, the supervisory framework of the euro area banking sector has been seriously scaled up. This briefing argues, however, that there still is a watchdog role for journalists, as banking supervisors cannot single out banks that take excessive risks or fall short of other obligations. Based on a survey, we find that more than half of the significant banks in the euro area organise press conferences, which could provide a suitable forum for dedicated journalist to ask challenging ...

This study evaluates the European Parliament's accountability instruments in the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) in light of their comparability to existing arrangements in monetary policy. The analysis shows that the Inter-Institutional Agreement with the European Central Bank in banking supervision did not result in a significantly different accountability relationship than the one between the two institutions in monetary policy. The results are based on interviews with Members of the European ...

This study evaluates selected aspects of the Commission's AML/CFT reform package presented on 20 July 2021, focusing on two main topics. First, it analyses the AML Authority direct supervisory powers and their effectiveness. Second, it illustrates how the reform package intends to foster coordination and information sharing among the FIUs. Recommendations are provided in order to remedy the gaps and weaknesses identified. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific ...

This paper discusses the Institutional Protection Schemes of the German Savings Banks Finance Group and the National Association of Cooperative Banks. Both schemes have been recognised as Deposit Guarantee Schemes. Although both schemes never had to pay out to depositors, supervisors have expressed worries about several weaknesses of the IPS of the Savings Banks Finance Group, such as unclear responsibilities of the ‘owners’ and the IPS, complex decision-making processes, risk of insufficient pro-active ...

This briefing paper investigates the practice of close cooperation and examines the banking system performance in Bulgaria and Croatia. The factors that could pose risks to Bulgarian and Croatian banks are identified.

The close cooperation arrangement for Bulgaria and Croatia poses challenges for the ECB that we discuss in terms of existing and emerging risks and vulnerabilities in the two banking sectors. The focus is on three risk areas: money laundering, climate change risk, and geopolitical tensions related to the Russia-Ukraine conflict. The high political and economic uncertainty arising from this conflict requires a reassessment of existing risks (such as credit and sovereign risks) and sources of new risks ...

This paper examines the importance of communication of monetary policy in the light of the complex challenges central banks face post GFC in their role as ‘crisis managers’, confronting financial stability concerns, the economic consequences of the COVID pandemic and the risks arising from climate change and unsustainable activities. Effective central bank communication becomes ever more critical in order to preserve credibility and legitimacy. Such communication is an important component of accountability ...

Anti-money-laundering package

Briefing 20-12-2021

The IA covers four Commission proposals on anti-money laundering and countering financing of terrorism. This legislative package includes major changes designed to strengthen and tackle shortcomings in the current regulatory framework, such as the creation of a new AML authority. This briefing analyses the strengths and weaknesses of the impact assessment accompanying the proposed revisions. The Commission consulted a wide range of stakeholders to support the initiative. The IA clearly defines the ...

This note is prepared in view of an ordinary public hearing with the Chair of the Single Resolution Board (SRB), Elke König, which will take place on 1 December 2021. This briefing addresses the following topics: (i) cooperation with other authorities, (ii) home/host authorities and the issue of internal MREL, (iii) evolution of MREL stock and shortfalls, (iv) contributions to the Single Resolution Fund, and (v) summaries of external papers on the status quo of impediments to resolvability.

Credit servicers directive

At a Glance 13-10-2021

In March 2018, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on credit servicers and credit purchasers as part of its overall strategy to tackle high volumes of non-performing loans (NPLs) accumulated on EU banks’ balance sheets. The proposal aims to foster the development of secondary markets for NPLs by removing undue obstacles to credit servicing and to the transfer of bank loans to third parties across the EU. The European Parliament is expected to vote during the October II plenary ...