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When Jean Monnet first devised what became known as the Schuman Plan, named after French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman, it did not even include a parliamentary assembly. When the Common Assembly was subsequently created for the European Coal and Steel Community, it consisted of delegates from national parliaments who had only limited and ineffective supervisory powers. Despite its humble origins, however, the delegates succeeded in establishing long-term trajectories that were crucial for the Common ...

European Day of Justice 2022

At a Glance 24-10-2022

Every year since 2004, European Day of Justice has been marked on or around 25 October, offering an opportunity to reflect on the importance of justice and the rule of law. European Day of Justice was originally the idea of the Council of Europe.

How the EU Treaties are modified

Briefing 30-08-2022

With the Conference on the Future of Europe now at an end, a new phase has started: that of following up on the more than 320 recommendations it produced. This process is however a complicated one. Legally, ways to implement the Conference's recommendations may require changes to the European Union (EU) Treaties, which is a complex and challenging process. Politically, debating how to implement reforms and deciding to what extent to modify the EU legal system may require intense negotiations. The ...

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee. It analyses the consequences of the judgment of the Polish Constitutional Tribunal for the legal relationship between Poland and the EU, compares it to the case law of other Member States’ highest courts and makes policy recommendations on how to deal with the judgment.

This is the fourth briefing within a series exploring citizens' expectations and recommendations in the context of the Conference on the Future of Europe, and presenting the European Parliament's response. The briefing focuses on citizens' proposals relating to EU common values, especially the rule of law. Citizens have placed EU values, including democracy, the rule of law and the protection of human rights, at the core of a common European identity, and discussed ways to enhance and protect these ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE and AFCO Committees, offers a comprehensive and critical assessment of the European Commission’s Annual Rule of Law Report. It does so in a broad and holistic manner by assessing this new monitoring tool in light of the EU’s Article 2 TEU monitoring and enforcement architecture. Multiple recommendations are offered in order to remedy the serious gaps and ...

Fighting discrimination in sport

Briefing 09-07-2021

Even though the European Union (EU) has built an extensive framework of legislation, instances of racism and homophobia in sport are still rife. Interestingly, Eurostat surveys reveal that the feeling of discrimination is more widespread than actual discrimination. Although there are some variations, discrimination in sport very frequently involves stigmatisation on the basis of external characteristics such as skin colour, body shape and gender. Data from 2017 show that some 3 % of respondents claimed ...

Minister Andrej Šircelj, Minister of Finance of Slovenia, is participating in the ECON Committee in his capacity of President of the ECOFIN Council during the Slovenian Presidency (July-December 2021). In accordance with the Treaty of the Union, “Member States shall regard their economic policies as a matter of common concern and shall coordinate them within the Council”. This briefing provides an overview of the Slovenian Presidency priorities in ECON matters, including the Council’s work relating ...

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, looks into the constitutional and institutional challenges that the European Union faced during the Brexit negotiations, and analyses whether the current wording of Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union was applied in an adequate manner and allowed for an efficient and properly organised withdrawal procedure.