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The IA undertakes a quantitative assessment of the economic, social and environmental impacts of strengthening the CO2 targets for cars and vans, using modelling tools with proven track record in supporting EU policy-making. It identifies and quantifies the costs and benefits of the combination of preferred options and qualitatively describes indirect costs and benefits. Despite the related considerable effort, the IA seems to define the problem at a rather aggregated level and does not provide further ...

The EU's effort-sharing legislation covers greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in sectors not included in the EU emissions trading system. A wide range of sources account for these emissions, such as petrol and diesel used for road transport, energy used for heating and cooling in buildings, animal digestion and fertilisers used in agriculture, waste treatment, and small industries. To cut the emissions in these sectors, the EU effort-sharing legislation establishes binding targets and sets up annual ...

Boosting rail freight transport is an essential pillar of the European Union's long-term policy to make transport more sustainable by cutting greenhouse gas emissions and decarbonising the sector. However, rail freight transport has faced numerous barriers in its development, and its growth is held back by its lack of competitiveness with other modes of transport such as road transport. Regulation (EU) 913/2010 was designed to facilitate rail freight transport across the EU rail network, through ...

On 14 July 2021 the European Commission adopted the 'fit for 55' package, a set of legislative proposals to meet the new EU objective of a minimum 55 % reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2030. The fit for 55 package is part of the Commission's European Green Deal, which aims to set the EU firmly on the path towards net zero GHG emissions (climate neutrality) by 2050. The fit for 55 package includes a regulation establishing a new social climate fund (SCF). The aim of the SCF is to help ...

The EU's binding climate and energy legislation for 2030 requires Member States to adopt national energy and climate plans (NECPs) covering the period 2021 to 2030. In October 2020, the European Commission published an assessment for each NECP. Sweden submitted its NECP in January 2020. A high proportion of Swedes (76%) expect national governments to tackle climate change. Sweden accounts for 1.4 % of total EU greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and has reduced its emissions at a slightly faster pace ...

The EU's binding climate and energy legislation for 2030 requires Member States to adopt national energy and climate plans (NECPs) for the 2021-2030 period. In October 2020, the European Commission published an assessment of each NECP. Poland's final NECP is from December 2019. A high proportion of Poles (62 %) expect national governments to tackle climate change. The country generates 10.5 % of the EU's total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Emissions were stable over the 2005-2019 period, with only ...

The EU's binding climate and energy legislation for 2030 requires Member States to adopt national energy and climate plans (NECPs) covering the period 2021 to 2030. In October 2020, the European Commission published an assessment for each NECP. Slovakia's final NECP is from December 2019. A high proportion of Slovaks (63 %) expect national governments to tackle climate change. Slovakia accounts for 1.1 % of the EU's total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and reduced emissions at a similar pace as the ...

The EU's binding climate and energy legislation for 2030 requires Member States to adopt national energy and climate plans (NECPs) covering the period 2021 to 2030. In October 2020, the European Commission published an assessment for each NECP. Hungary submitted its NECP in December 2019. A high proportion of Hungarians (60 %) expect national governments to tackle climate change. Hungary accounts for 1.7 % of total EU greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and has reduced its emissions at a slower pace than ...

The EU binding climate and energy legislation for 2030 requires Member States to adopt national energy and climate plans (NECPs) covering the period 2021 to 2030. In October 2020, the European Commission published an assessment for each NECP. Slovenia submitted its NECP in February 2020. More than half (52 %) of Slovenians expect national governments to tackle climate change. Slovenia accounts for 0.5 % of total EU greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and has reduced its emissions at a slower pace than ...

The EU's binding climate and energy legislation for 2030 requires Member States to adopt national energy and climate plans (NECPs) covering the period 2021 to 2030. In October 2020, the European Commission published an assessment for each NECP. Malta's final NECP is from December 2019. A high proportion of Maltese people (75 %) expect national governments to tackle climate change. Malta, which generates less than 0.1 % of the EU-27's total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, has reduced its emissions ...