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On 14 July 2021, as part of the 'fit for 55' package, the Commission presented a legislative proposal for a revision of the Regulation setting CO2 emission performance standards for passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (vans). To raise the contribution of the road transport sector to the EU's climate targets, the proposal sets more ambitious 2030 targets for reducing the CO2 emissions of new cars and vans and allows only zero-emission vehicles from 2035. In the European Parliament, the proposal ...

The 27th Conference of the Parties (COP27) in Sharm el‑Sheikh ended, after a 39-hour prolongation, on the morning of 20 November 2022. The conference host Egypt declared this year's conference the 'Implementation COP' – about ensuring countries turn objectives into action. The event's main delivery was an agreement on a 'loss and damage' fund, with only limited progress on the implementation programme to cut emissions faster.

This briefing provides a pre-legislative synthesis of the positions of national, regional and local governmental organisations on the European Commission's forthcoming initiative on carbon removal certification. It forms part of an EPRS series offering a summary of the pre-legislative state of-play and advance consultation on a range of key Commission priorities during its 5-year term in office. It seeks to present the current state of affairs, examine how existing policy is working on the ground ...

Leaders and government officials from across the world are meeting at the annual climate summit amid warnings that it might soon be too late to take meaningful measures to slow down the global warming that threatens to impoverish life on Earth and is already causing weather anomalies. 'We are on a highway to climate hell with our foot on the accelerator... Humanity has a choice: Cooperate or perish,' United Nations Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, said at the beginning of the meeting in Sharm ...

African countries, which disproportionately suffer from the adverse impacts of climate change, are aiming to strongly voice their position at the 27th Conference of the Parties (COP27, 6-18 November 2022) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which is hosted by one of them, Egypt. African states and the African Union (AU) insist that richer industrial countries, which bear greater responsibility for greenhouse gas emissions, should do more to tackle them. According to the African ...

In 2019, India accounted for 7 % of global GHG emissions; its per capita emissions level of 2.48 tonnes CO2 equivalent (tCO2e) was well below the global average and only a third of the EU per capita level. This is one of a series of EPRS briefings on major economies outside the European Union, looking at their climate policies in the run-up to the COP27 United Nations climate change conference of parties being held in November 2022.

The Arab Republic of Egypt was responsible for 0.73 % of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2019. Its per capita emissions of 3.5 tonnes CO2 equivalent were below both EU level and the world average. This is one of a series of EPRS briefings on major economies outside the European Union, looking at their climate policies in the run-up to the COP27 United Nations climate change conference of parties being held in November 2022.

China was responsible for more than a quarter of global greenhouse gas emissions in 2019. China's per-capita emissions of 9 tonnes CO2 equivalent in 2019 were well above EU levels and far above the global average. This is one of a series of EPRS briefings on major economies outside the European Union, looking at their climate policies in the run-up to the COP27 United Nations climate change conference of parties being held in November 2022.

The United Kingdom (UK) was responsible for 0.9 % of global greenhouse gas emissions in 2019. UK per capita emissions of 6.6 tonnes CO2 equivalent were below EU levels and just above the global average. This is one of a series of EPRS briefings on major economies outside the European Union, looking at their climate policies in the run-up to the COP27 United Nations climate change conference of parties being held in November 2022.

The United States (US) was responsible for over 12 % of global emissions in 2019. US per capita emissions of 18 tonnes CO2 equivalent (tCO2e) in 2019 were triple the world average and over double the EU level. This is one of a series of EPRS briefings on major economies outside the European Union, looking at their climate policies in the run-up to the COP27 United Nations climate change conference of parties being held in November 2022.