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The workshop hosted discussions on the European Parliament and the current external actions instruments, as well as on the role of the European Parliament under the new proposal for a Neighbourhood, development and international cooperation instrument.

Moves towards closer European integration have altered the role of the national parliaments. A number of instruments for cooperation between the European Parliament and the national parliaments have been introduced with a view to guaranteeing effective democratic scrutiny of European legislation at all levels. This trend has been reinforced by provisions introduced by the Lisbon Treaty.

This briefing paper analyses the role of the Eurogroup in European economic governance. It assesses the effectiveness of thematic discussions, proposes improvements to the process, and suggests how the legitimacy of Eurogroup actions and decisions could be strengthened.

A common reproach that has long been levelled at the set-up of European governance has concerned its 'democratic deficit'. In particular, this has encompassed the idea that the European integration process has traditionally strengthened the executive power at the expense of national parliaments, and pointed to the relatively modest powers initially granted to the European Parliament. Strengthening the democratic quality of EU decision-making became a central concern in the 2001 White Paper on European ...

European Economic Governance, the system of multilateral coordination of national policies of European (and euro area) Member States, is a complex framework that has been reformed numerous times. The current system, adopted during the European debt crisis, is criticised on the grounds that it is too complex, opaque and lacks legitimacy. Although the various stakeholders have different views on the content of the reforms, the priorities that need to be given and the timeline of the implementation, ...

The effects of the economic and fiscal crisis and the institutional instruments created to deal with it have led several actors (from governments and EU bodies to scholars) to propose different EU reforms. Several options exist to accommodate future constitutional development which, in some cases, may require Treaty revision. In this case, future constitutional evolution faces the challenge that the very stringent EU revision requirement (i.e. unanimity) poses. Other available options do not seem ...

This study investigates ways to enhance the legitimacy of economic governance in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) without introducing Treaty changes. It suggests changes in the governance framework at both the institutional and economic level. Input-oriented legitimacy can be improved by increasing parliamentary oversight on decisions related to EMU and increasing the accountability of the Eurogroup. Output-oriented legitimacy can be improved by strengthening the ability of EMU to reduce the ...

The Open Method of Coordination

At a Glance 19-10-2014

The EU response to the 2008 economic crisis, which has exposed the weaknesses of the EU economic governance of the time, has resulted in a debate on how to find a balance between intergovernmentalism and supranational actions within the EU framework, bringing into question further use of soft intergovernmental methods, such as the Open Method of Coordination (OMC). In addition to that, with social and education issues increasingly gaining attention in the EU, OMC, one of the governance instruments ...

This note examines the challenges arising in the context of the European Elections of 2014. Drawing on the history of the constitutional evolution of the EU it turns to analyse opportunities and possible risks related to prospect of turning the European elections into personalized contest for the presidency of the European Commission.

The EU's response to the financial and economic crisis has been characterised by the prominent role of the European Council. Moreover, a number of anti-crisis instruments have been adopted outside the EU framework in order to overcome political and legal hurdles and to speed up negotiations. The EP has played a very limited role in the development of agreements adopted outside the EU framework, but it does have some involvement in the implementation of these instruments, although usually merely through ...