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In June 2022, the European Commission adopted a new communication on international ocean governance. It reflects the priorities set under the European Green Deal and focuses on key threats, such as climate change, biodiversity loss and pollution. The actions, 61 in total, are grouped under four objectives: strengthening the international ocean governance framework, making ocean sustainability a reality by 2030, ensuring security and safety at sea, and expanding ocean knowledge. As regards the EU's ...

Leaders and government officials from across the world are meeting at the annual climate summit amid warnings that it might soon be too late to take meaningful measures to slow down the global warming that threatens to impoverish life on Earth and is already causing weather anomalies. 'We are on a highway to climate hell with our foot on the accelerator... Humanity has a choice: Cooperate or perish,' United Nations Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, said at the beginning of the meeting in Sharm ...

African countries, which disproportionately suffer from the adverse impacts of climate change, are aiming to strongly voice their position at the 27th Conference of the Parties (COP27, 6-18 November 2022) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which is hosted by one of them, Egypt. African states and the African Union (AU) insist that richer industrial countries, which bear greater responsibility for greenhouse gas emissions, should do more to tackle them. According to the African ...

The United Kingdom (UK) was responsible for 0.9 % of global greenhouse gas emissions in 2019. UK per capita emissions of 6.6 tonnes CO2 equivalent were below EU levels and just above the global average. This is one of a series of EPRS briefings on major economies outside the European Union, looking at their climate policies in the run-up to the COP27 United Nations climate change conference of parties being held in November 2022.

Brazil was responsible for 2.2 % of global greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) in 2019. Its per capita emissions of 5 tonnes CO2 equivalent (tCO2e) were below both EU and world levels. This is one of a series of EPRS briefings on major economies outside the European Union, looking at their climate policies in the run-up to the COP27 United Nations climate change conference of parties being held in November 2022.

The 27th Conference of Parties (COP27) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change will take place in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, from 6 to 18 November 2022. The conference will focus on implementation action, delivery of financing pledges, and options to address loss and damage. The European Parliament is due to vote during the October II session on a motion for a resolution on COP27, tabled by its Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).

This study provides an overview of the status of international climate negotiations and issues at stake at the COP27 climate change conference. It also addresses the current implementation of the Paris Agreement, the stakeholders in the negotiations and the climate policies of key Parties. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).

This briefing follows up on the commitments made by the commissioner in 2019.

On 14 July 2021, the European Commission adopted the 'fit for 55' package with a view to adapting existing EU climate and energy legislation to meet the EU objective of a minimum 55 % reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2030, as required under the European Climate Law. The 'fit for 55' package includes a recast of the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED), aligning its provisions to the -55 % GHG target. The EED is currently designed to meet the existing goal of 32.5 % energy efficiency improvements ...

The aim of the European Green Deal is to make Europe the first climate-neutral continent, by 2050, while maintaining economic growth and prosperity. It is Europe's growth strategy. The transition to a climate-neutral economy with net zero greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) over the course of just 28 years represents an industrial revolution at unprecedented speed, with significant impacts on gross domestic product (GDP), investment, employment, competitiveness, distribution, public finances and monetary ...