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This in-depth analysis (IDA) provides a broad overview over the emerging challenges connected with disinformation in the area of health, the way it spreads and the damage it causes. The report further highlights proposed or implemented measures at various levels to address health-related disinformation, accompanied by recommendations aimed at mitigating its impact on the well-being of Europeans.

The new EU fiscal governance framework

In-Depth Analysis 18-07-2024

The Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) is the legal framework (based on primary and secondary EU law) that seeks to ensure sustainable public finances in the interest of the stability of the Economic and Monetary Union. The SGP consists of two main building blocks: the preventive arm and the corrective arm. The revised rules on the preventive and corrective arms entered in force in April 2024. This note provides an overview of the reformed framework. A separate forthcoming document will focus on the ...

The European Parliament Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs organised upon request of the Committee on Civil liberties, Justice and Home Affairs a Workshop on “The EU as a Union of Equality?”, which took place on Tuesday 19 March 2024 from 14.30 to 16.00 pm. The present document collects the transcriptions of the audio-video recordings of the event, which are publicly available on the EP website.

The EU Global Gateway, a €300 billion infrastructure investment strategy launched in December 2021, seeks to build sustainable and secure connections in the digital, energy and transport sectors and boost Europe's competitiveness and supply chain security across the world. What might the strategy look like in future? This paper presents four possible scenarios for the Global Gateway in 2030, based on survey responses from 30 policy experts: 'optimal gateway', 'failed gateway', 'corporate gateway' ...

This paper provides a review/summary of 10 papers prepared by external experts, which examine and recommend initiatives for financing the EU's growth model amidst global challenges. These papers were requested by the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) of the European Parliament. They may feed into the policy debate on how to frame a forthcoming new European competitiveness deal as agreed by the European Council.

The European Sovereignty Fund (EUSF) should invest in Europe’s future by investing indirectly in start-ups and scale-ups via the existing Fund of the European Innovation Council (EIC). This would be concrete step to advance the aims of the recently agreed Strategic Technologies for Europe Platform (STEP). The EUSF could also invest in security of supply by acquiring and managing strategic stockpiles of critical raw materials. This would foster the aim of the Critical Raw Material Act. To succeed ...

Letting large European firms grow

In-Depth Analysis 26-06-2024

The EU has grown less, and has become less productive, than the US in the last twenty years. The differences are small, but a healthy ambition to do better justifies analysing the sources of this difference and how policy can affect them. This paper focuses on the pattern of specialisation of the EU economy and discusses the role of large firms in generating innovation. It documents the large US-EU gap in the ability to scale large firms and grow them into world leaders, and discusses the reasons ...

This briefing outlines the institutional role of the European Parliament in ensuring democratic accountability within the Economic and Monetary Union (Section 1), notably in its three policy pillars - monetary policy (Section 2), economic governance (Section 3), including recovery and resilience facility (Section 4), and banking supervision/resolution (Section 5). It highlights the EP's legal mandates, as well as its practical involvement through dialogues, resolutions, and public hearings.

Achieving Sustainable Development Goals and climate targets in the face of rising debt levels requires financial resources which the current Global Financial Architecture (GFA) is failing to meet. In this context, calls for reforming the GFA have taken both front and centre stage. These calls are not just for raising more finance, but for making the GFA more equitable, just and responsive to crises by addressing longstanding limitations affecting most countries worldwide. This analysis uses desktop ...

The green transition aims at creating a sustainable and carbon-neutral economic system. Key to this transition is the change from fossil fuel based energy production and mobility to carbon emission free technologies. The transition also entails a switch to more sustainable land-use practices, including sustainable agriculture. The EU has committed itself to the green transition and is supporting its partners in their paths to sustainable economies through development cooperation. However, large ...