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The Lithuanian national audit office, the Valstybes Kontrole, performs three different functions: (1) it audits the state and all public institutions as the country’s supereme audit institution as well as (2) all use of European funds as its audit authority. In addition, (3) it monitors the soundness of the Lithuianian budget from a fiscal point of view, including the country’s compliance with the EU’s Maastricht criteria (independent fiscal institution).

In 2020, there were over 76 million cattle in the European Union (EU) and beef production reached 6.8 million tonnes – output that makes the EU the world's third largest producer, after the United States and Brazil. The sector is diverse in terms of herd size, farm structure and geographical distribution of farms between EU regions. Beef is an important element of most European diets, and it is the third most widely consumed meat in the world. EU beef, together with other EU food products, is known ...

This study provides an overview of the status of international climate negotiations and issues at stake at the COP27 climate change conference. It also addresses the current implementation of the Paris Agreement, the stakeholders in the negotiations and the climate policies of key Parties. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).

The infographic illustrates the economic development in the United States in comparison with the EU economy in the past decade. Besides showing strong economic recovery capacity in both regions, it gives an insight into economic phenomena, such as rising inflation and growing public debt - unfavourable trends that started before 2022, a year marked by war in Europe. It also portrays trade relations between the two blocs, which, despite having suffered during the COVID-19 pandemic, grew to record ...

For the past two weeks, Iran has seen massive protests over the death in police custody of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini, a Kurdish woman arrested for allegedly violating Iran's compulsory veiling laws. Protests have spread to more than 150 cities across Iran, including universities. The government has reacted violently to the protests, leading to at least 75 deaths and over a thousand arrests. Iranians are protesting not just against Amini's death, but also against an increasingly repressive regime that ...

Several Member States and regions are facing population decline, caused by factors such as low fertility rates and net emigration. The emigration of skilled workers, referred to as 'brain drain', undermines the growth potential of the areas concerned. An ageing society also plays a part in depopulation. Depopulated regions are often low-income rural or post-industrial areas, with fewer job opportunities. In the context of its oversight over other EU institutions, the European Parliament has recently ...

Following the fragile November 2020 ceasefire agreement between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, hostilities have recently broken out on Armenian territory. Both countries participate in the EU's Eastern Partnership, and the European Parliament will use its powers of oversight in the revived 'question time' during its October I plenary session, to question the High Representative/Vice-President of the European Commission (HR/VP), Josep Borrell, on the issue.

With a population of almost 236 million, Pakistan is the fifth most populous country in the world. The country has been hit by extreme weather events this year. In March and April 2022, an extreme heat wave hit Pakistan and India. This was followed in June by the heaviest monsoon rains in over a century. The rains left a third of the country under water – an area almost three times the size of Portugal. The damage is significant – over 1 600 people have been killed by the rains, floods and landslides ...

On 5 April 2022, the Commission presented a proposal for a regulation on fluorinated greenhouse gases that would repeal Regulation (EU) No 517/2014. The proposal is amongst the last in the 'fit for 55' package, aiming to align EU climate and energy laws with the EU Climate Law's 2030 target. The proposal aims to further reduce emissions of fluorinated greenhouse gases (F-gases). It would change the existing quota system, gradually reducing the supply of hydrofluorocarbons (HFC) to the EU market to ...

Fluorinated greenhouse gases

Briefing 29-09-2022

The IA defines the problem, its drivers and the need to revise the 2014 regulation rather convincingly. It appears to be well substantiated and based on extensive public and targeted consultations, data and studies, including the IA supporting study and the ex-post evaluation of the regulation, which was carried out in parallel with the impact assessment work as opposed to sequentially. The choice of the preferred option appears sufficiently justified on the basis of the EU's international obligations ...