94

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Date

Introduction to the fiscal framework of the EU: The Maastricht Treaty, the Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance, and the Stability and Growth Pact

08-02-2021

Almost 30 years ago, the Maastricht Treaty laid the basis for economic and monetary union (EMU). Its fiscal provisions have been further developed by subsequent primary and secondary legislation – in particular, the Stability and Growth Pact with its preventive and corrective arms, and the Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in EMU. These instruments together constitute the fiscal framework of the European Union. In early 2020, the European Commission launched a review of the EU's economic ...

Almost 30 years ago, the Maastricht Treaty laid the basis for economic and monetary union (EMU). Its fiscal provisions have been further developed by subsequent primary and secondary legislation – in particular, the Stability and Growth Pact with its preventive and corrective arms, and the Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in EMU. These instruments together constitute the fiscal framework of the European Union. In early 2020, the European Commission launched a review of the EU's economic governance, seeking in particular to establish how effective the surveillance provisions have been in achieving their objectives. This paper aims to provide an introduction to the Union's economic governance, starting from a brief overview of the economic literature, and concluding with a look at possible developments that might follow from the review, not least examining the various calls for its amendment that have been put on the table. While the Commission's review has been put to one side while the immediate issues of the coronavirus pandemic are addressed, the economic consequences of the pandemic are themselves changing the context for the review.

Capital markets recovery package: MiFID and EU recovery prospectus

04-02-2021

In July 2020, the European Commission adopted a legislative package on capital markets recovery as part of its overall strategy to tackle the economic impacts of the coronavirus pandemic. The package includes targeted amendments to the Prospectus Regulation and the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive II (MiFID II), aimed at reducing the administrative burdens faced by experienced investors in their business-to-business relationships and at increasing the competitiveness of the EU’s commodity ...

In July 2020, the European Commission adopted a legislative package on capital markets recovery as part of its overall strategy to tackle the economic impacts of the coronavirus pandemic. The package includes targeted amendments to the Prospectus Regulation and the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive II (MiFID II), aimed at reducing the administrative burdens faced by experienced investors in their business-to-business relationships and at increasing the competitiveness of the EU’s commodity derivatives markets. The European Parliament is expected to vote during the February plenary session on the provisional agreements on the two proposals resulting from interinstitutional negotiations.

Economic and Budgetary Outlook for the European Union 2021

28-01-2021

This study, the fifth in an annual series, provides an overview of the economic and budgetary situation in the EU and beyond, and summarises the main economic indicators in the EU and euro area and their two-year trends. It also explains the annual EU budget, provides an overview of its headings for 2021, and sets out the wider budgetary framework – the post-2020 multiannual financial framework (MFF) and the Next Generation EU recovery instrument. This year's special 'economic focus' puts the spotlight ...

This study, the fifth in an annual series, provides an overview of the economic and budgetary situation in the EU and beyond, and summarises the main economic indicators in the EU and euro area and their two-year trends. It also explains the annual EU budget, provides an overview of its headings for 2021, and sets out the wider budgetary framework – the post-2020 multiannual financial framework (MFF) and the Next Generation EU recovery instrument. This year's special 'economic focus' puts the spotlight on EU social and employment policies in the context of the coronavirus outbreak.

Amending securitisation requirements for the impact of coronavirus

15-12-2020

Preserving the ability of banks to continue lending to companies, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, is key when it comes to softening the economic impact of the pandemic and easing recovery. The Commission believes that securitisation can contribute to this. It also considers that in order to increase the potential of securitisation the EU regulatory framework (Regulations (EU) 2017/2402 and (EU) 575/2013) must be updated, to cater for (i) on-balance-sheet synthetic securitisation and ...

Preserving the ability of banks to continue lending to companies, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, is key when it comes to softening the economic impact of the pandemic and easing recovery. The Commission believes that securitisation can contribute to this. It also considers that in order to increase the potential of securitisation the EU regulatory framework (Regulations (EU) 2017/2402 and (EU) 575/2013) must be updated, to cater for (i) on-balance-sheet synthetic securitisation and (ii) the securitisation of non-performing exposures (NPEs). The proposal, which is partly based on two recent documents by the European Banking Authority and on draft standards proposed in July by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, has been examined by the co-legislators, and both the European Central Bank and the European Economic and Social Committee have published opinions. Trilogue negotiations are now under way. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Independent fiscal institutions in the EU: Guardians of sound public finances

08-12-2020

'Independent fiscal institutions', or in some cases 'fiscal institutions', are an integral part of the EU's economic governance framework. This paper provides an introduction to these bodies and their role, the EU legal framework that underpins them, and a summary of the recent discussion around them in the context of the review of the wider economic governance framework in the European Union.

'Independent fiscal institutions', or in some cases 'fiscal institutions', are an integral part of the EU's economic governance framework. This paper provides an introduction to these bodies and their role, the EU legal framework that underpins them, and a summary of the recent discussion around them in the context of the review of the wider economic governance framework in the European Union.

Replacement benchmarks for financial benchmarks in cessation

30-11-2020

The pricing of many financial instruments and contracts depends on the accuracy and integrity of (financial) benchmarks, i.e. indices, by reference to which the amounts payable under such financial instruments or contracts, or the value of certain financial instruments, are determined. The anticipated discontinuation of such a benchmark (LIBOR) after the end of 2021 has created fears that it could lead to disruption in the internal market, given that the Benchmarks Regulation ((EU) 2016/1011) does ...

The pricing of many financial instruments and contracts depends on the accuracy and integrity of (financial) benchmarks, i.e. indices, by reference to which the amounts payable under such financial instruments or contracts, or the value of certain financial instruments, are determined. The anticipated discontinuation of such a benchmark (LIBOR) after the end of 2021 has created fears that it could lead to disruption in the internal market, given that the Benchmarks Regulation ((EU) 2016/1011) does not provide for mechanisms to organise the orderly discontinuation of systemically important benchmarks in the EU. That is why the Commission has proposed to amend the said regulation. The Council adopted its negotiating mandate on 6 October, while the European Parliament's Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee (ECON) adopted its report on 19 November 2020, and also voted to open trilogue negotiations with the Council.

Prospectuses for investors – Simplifying equity-raising during the pandemic

18-11-2020

A prospectus is a legally required document presenting information about a company and the securities that it offers to the public or seeks to admit to trading on a regulated market. The relevant EU legislation consists of a directive, adopted in 2003, amended in 2010, and finally replaced by a regulation in 2017. Drawing up a prospectus entails time and costs, which in the current economic context may deter issuers in distress from seeking to raise new funds, in particular equity. To remedy this ...

A prospectus is a legally required document presenting information about a company and the securities that it offers to the public or seeks to admit to trading on a regulated market. The relevant EU legislation consists of a directive, adopted in 2003, amended in 2010, and finally replaced by a regulation in 2017. Drawing up a prospectus entails time and costs, which in the current economic context may deter issuers in distress from seeking to raise new funds, in particular equity. To remedy this, the Commission proposed to amend Regulation (EU) 2017/1129. These amendments aim at creating a temporary (18 month) regime for a short-form prospectus and to simplify the procedure for issuers (so that they can rapidly raise capital), as well as to release pressure on financial intermediaries. The Council published its negotiating mandate on 16 October 2020. The European Parliament's Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) 'is expected to vote on adoption of its report on 19 November 2020. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

The InvestEU programme: Continuing EFSI in the next MFF

30-10-2020

Since its launch in November 2014, the Investment Plan for Europe (IPE) has had considerable success in mobilising private investment across Europe. Despite its success, investment levels in Europe remain below pre-crisis levels. There is therefore a need to provide for an extended EU investment programme under the new multiannual financial framework (MFF), which caters for multiple objectives in terms of simplification, flexibility, synergies and coherence across relevant EU policies. The InvestEU ...

Since its launch in November 2014, the Investment Plan for Europe (IPE) has had considerable success in mobilising private investment across Europe. Despite its success, investment levels in Europe remain below pre-crisis levels. There is therefore a need to provide for an extended EU investment programme under the new multiannual financial framework (MFF), which caters for multiple objectives in terms of simplification, flexibility, synergies and coherence across relevant EU policies. The InvestEU programme, expected to run from 2021 onwards, has been designed to address this challenge. It will bring diverse EU financial instruments within a single structure, making EU funding for investment projects in Europe simpler and more efficient and flexible. It will build on the success achieved by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI) and consist of the InvestEU Fund, the InvestEU Advisory Hub and the InvestEU Portal. Negotiators for Parliament and Council have reached a partial agreement on the text of the proposal, excluding budgetary figures and other elements which will not be finalised until overall agreement on the new MFF. Parliament is due to vote on that agreement in April 2019.

The Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure: An introduction

28-10-2020

What is the macroeconomic imbalance procedure? What are the elements of its scoreboard? Once those elements are taken into account, how does the procedure evolve in the wider context of the European Semester? This paper attempts to put these elements in context and provides an introduction to the subject, as well as a flavour of the debate driven by academia and European institutions, in view of the general discussion on European economic governance, taking place in 2020 and 2021.

What is the macroeconomic imbalance procedure? What are the elements of its scoreboard? Once those elements are taken into account, how does the procedure evolve in the wider context of the European Semester? This paper attempts to put these elements in context and provides an introduction to the subject, as well as a flavour of the debate driven by academia and European institutions, in view of the general discussion on European economic governance, taking place in 2020 and 2021.

Regulating crowdfunding

02-10-2020

As a step towards Capital Markets Union, the European Commission presented a proposal for a regulation on crowdfunding service providers in March 2018, to facilitate the cross-border offer of such financial services across the EU. It was accompanied by a proposal for a directive, to exempt those providers from the scope of the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID II). The co-legislators reached a political agreement in December 2019, significantly modifying the Commission proposals. ...

As a step towards Capital Markets Union, the European Commission presented a proposal for a regulation on crowdfunding service providers in March 2018, to facilitate the cross-border offer of such financial services across the EU. It was accompanied by a proposal for a directive, to exempt those providers from the scope of the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID II). The co-legislators reached a political agreement in December 2019, significantly modifying the Commission proposals. Parliament is expected to vote on the Council's positions at second reading during its October I plenary session.

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