5

result(s)

Word(s)
Publication type
Policy area
Author
Keyword
Date

Reducing air pollution - National emission ceilings for air pollutants

20-01-2017

Despite significant progress in recent decades, air pollution levels in the European Union still have adverse impacts on the environment and on health. The European Commission estimates that health-related costs of air pollution in the EU range from 390 to 940 billion euros per year. The proposed directive, which would replace the current National Emission Ceilings Directive, sets binding national reduction objectives for six air pollutants (SO2, NOx, NMVOCs, NH3, PM2.5 and CH4) to be met by 2020 ...

Despite significant progress in recent decades, air pollution levels in the European Union still have adverse impacts on the environment and on health. The European Commission estimates that health-related costs of air pollution in the EU range from 390 to 940 billion euros per year. The proposed directive, which would replace the current National Emission Ceilings Directive, sets binding national reduction objectives for six air pollutants (SO2, NOx, NMVOCs, NH3, PM2.5 and CH4) to be met by 2020 and 2030. It will also implement the Gothenburg Protocol as amended in 2012. The European Commission estimates that implementation costs would range from 2.2 to 3.3 billion euros per year. After completion of the legislative procedure at first reading in the European Parliament and the Council, the presidents of the co-legislators signed the final act on 14 December 2016. Member States are required to transpose the new directive into national law by 1 July 2018. This briefing updates an earlier edition, of 6 October 2016: PE 589.821.

Current State and Future Challenges of Europe’s Waters

02-03-2012

This study explains the current state of Europe’s fresh waters and explores the challenges ahead. First, the state of water availability and quality are linked to climate change, energy, finance and nature protection. Then the current gaps and challenges are identified in terms of water efficiency, land-use, economic instruments, knowledge, governance, global aspects, and climate change.

This study explains the current state of Europe’s fresh waters and explores the challenges ahead. First, the state of water availability and quality are linked to climate change, energy, finance and nature protection. Then the current gaps and challenges are identified in terms of water efficiency, land-use, economic instruments, knowledge, governance, global aspects, and climate change.

External author

Erik Klaassens, Oscar Widerberg, Matthew Smith and Ilse van de Velde (Ecorys, Rotterdam, the Netherlands)

Does Overfishing Promote Algal Blooms ?

15-11-2011

This note provides scientific evidence for a connection between overfishing and the development of algal blooms, and presents several European case-studies supporting this hypothesis. Overfishing has contributed to the increasing problem of algal blooms in Europe. Overexploitation of offshore stocks has changed the structure of many marine ecosystems, which has promoted the accumulation of algal biomass. Today, detrimental effects of overfishing on offshore food webs are spreading to coastal ecosystems ...

This note provides scientific evidence for a connection between overfishing and the development of algal blooms, and presents several European case-studies supporting this hypothesis. Overfishing has contributed to the increasing problem of algal blooms in Europe. Overexploitation of offshore stocks has changed the structure of many marine ecosystems, which has promoted the accumulation of algal biomass. Today, detrimental effects of overfishing on offshore food webs are spreading to coastal ecosystems, causing problems with near shore water quality and habitat loss.

External author

Britas Klemens ERIKSSON (Department of Marine Benthic Ecology and Evolution, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, The Netherlands)

Fisheries in the Black Sea

15-12-2010

This paper is a review of the fisheries sector in the Black Sea region, and presents the main marine resources and the evolution of the Black Sea fisheries, as well as fisheries management and regional cooperation issues. The Black Sea has undergone major environmental changes, and a dramatic resource crisis occurred around 1990. Fisheries have been one of the drivers for these changes, but have also been affected by them. The combined effect of this crisis and the deteriorating economic conditions ...

This paper is a review of the fisheries sector in the Black Sea region, and presents the main marine resources and the evolution of the Black Sea fisheries, as well as fisheries management and regional cooperation issues. The Black Sea has undergone major environmental changes, and a dramatic resource crisis occurred around 1990. Fisheries have been one of the drivers for these changes, but have also been affected by them. The combined effect of this crisis and the deteriorating economic conditions in the former communist states after 1989 reshaped the Black Sea fisheries.

Protection of the Baltic Sea in View of Enlargement

01-02-2002

The Baltic Sea is the largest brackish-water area in the world and amongst the most polluted seas. The state of its marine habitat is a reflection of natural and human factors such as: the limited water exchange with adjacent seas, the formation of salinity and temperature barriers between surface and bottom water, the continuous pressure of pollution and overexploitation from human activities. The Baltic Sea Region has become one of the most dynamic regions in Europe with good perspectives for economic ...

The Baltic Sea is the largest brackish-water area in the world and amongst the most polluted seas. The state of its marine habitat is a reflection of natural and human factors such as: the limited water exchange with adjacent seas, the formation of salinity and temperature barriers between surface and bottom water, the continuous pressure of pollution and overexploitation from human activities. The Baltic Sea Region has become one of the most dynamic regions in Europe with good perspectives for economic development, but as a very sensitive environment it needs special protection. One of the most exciting challenges of the enlargement is ensuring that the environmental protection in the new members will be at least as high as in the old members. As a shared water resource, the Baltic Sea will be one of the first beneficiaries of this challenge. This study attempts to show that co-operation between the Baltic States will have a positive impact on ensuring protection of the environment in the region.

External author

Chiara Scalabrino (former Ramón y Cajal scholar)

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