7

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EU development cooperation with Latin America

10-04-2017

EU development cooperation with Latin America is mainly conducted through the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) and its different geographical (regional, sub-regional and bilateral) and thematic programmes. Nevertheless, the 2014-2020 programming period has brought about the introduction of a new blending financial instrument for the region, the Latin American Investment Facility (LAIF), which combines EU grants with other resources. It has also seen the transition of most Latin American countries ...

EU development cooperation with Latin America is mainly conducted through the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) and its different geographical (regional, sub-regional and bilateral) and thematic programmes. Nevertheless, the 2014-2020 programming period has brought about the introduction of a new blending financial instrument for the region, the Latin American Investment Facility (LAIF), which combines EU grants with other resources. It has also seen the transition of most Latin American countries away from being eligible for bilateral DCI development aid and towards their inclusion instead in EU bilateral cooperation through the new Partnership Instrument (PI). This poses a series of new challenges but, simultaneously, offers new opportunities by opening cooperation to other areas and sectors. The European Parliament has a strong involvement in the issues concerning development cooperation. Since 2012, it has adopted a number of resolutions on the topic: one defining a new form of development cooperation with Latin America, another calling for increasing the effectiveness of development cooperation, and a third on achieving policy coherence and enhancing the role of local authorities.

United States humanitarian aid policy

17-05-2016

The USA is the biggest state provider of humanitarian assistance in the world. It has a complex governmental structure for the provision of this aid that delivers a vast array of measures, ranging from grants for international and non-governmental relief organisations, to direct food aid, healthcare, help for refugees, and assistance with building disaster resilience. At international level, the US supports reform of the humanitarian system in order to improve the response to crises.

The USA is the biggest state provider of humanitarian assistance in the world. It has a complex governmental structure for the provision of this aid that delivers a vast array of measures, ranging from grants for international and non-governmental relief organisations, to direct food aid, healthcare, help for refugees, and assistance with building disaster resilience. At international level, the US supports reform of the humanitarian system in order to improve the response to crises.

The challenge of coordinating European development policies

13-01-2015

Despite international and European initiatives intended to curb the fragmentation of aid, this phenomenon continues to trouble the effectiveness and impact of development cooperation. While European donors agree in principle on this subject, progress in implementing coordination and the division of labour remain limited. Innovative solutions are required to find a way out of this impasse.

Despite international and European initiatives intended to curb the fragmentation of aid, this phenomenon continues to trouble the effectiveness and impact of development cooperation. While European donors agree in principle on this subject, progress in implementing coordination and the division of labour remain limited. Innovative solutions are required to find a way out of this impasse.

The Peshawar Army Public School Attack: From Nightmare to Greater Darkness?

18-12-2014

Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) terrorists killed at least 130 children, ostensibly in retaliation for a counter-terrorist military campaign that has targeted the war-struck region since June 2014. The TTP has clashed with the Pakistani army since 2002. Since October 2013, the group has declared war against the ‘un-Islamic’ Pakistani state. Operation Zarb-e-Azb – the military campaign in northwest Pakistan, was supposed to compensate for NATO’s drawdown in Afghanistan; yet it has fuelled the war ...

Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) terrorists killed at least 130 children, ostensibly in retaliation for a counter-terrorist military campaign that has targeted the war-struck region since June 2014. The TTP has clashed with the Pakistani army since 2002. Since October 2013, the group has declared war against the ‘un-Islamic’ Pakistani state. Operation Zarb-e-Azb – the military campaign in northwest Pakistan, was supposed to compensate for NATO’s drawdown in Afghanistan; yet it has fuelled the war in Pakistan. Pakistan is crucial for the US’s ‘war on terror’. The EU offers the country preferential trade conditions and substantial direct support. The EU may wish to emphasise the potentially counterproductive effect of Pakistani operations.

The Cost of Non-Europe in Development Policy: Increasing Coordination between EU Donors

15-07-2013

The European Parliament's Committee on Development requested a Cost of Non-Europe (CoNE) Report in the field of development cooperation, to prepare a legislative initiative report on increasing coordination between the EU and the Member States on development aid programmes. This Report builds on expertise provided by the Südwind Institut, the Royal Elcano Institute and Professor Arne Bigsten. It explains that lack of effective coordination of development aid among EU donors -specifically between ...

The European Parliament's Committee on Development requested a Cost of Non-Europe (CoNE) Report in the field of development cooperation, to prepare a legislative initiative report on increasing coordination between the EU and the Member States on development aid programmes. This Report builds on expertise provided by the Südwind Institut, the Royal Elcano Institute and Professor Arne Bigsten. It explains that lack of effective coordination of development aid among EU donors -specifically between the Member States and the European Commission- has significant economic and political costs. Economically, some EUR 800 million could be saved annually on transaction costs if donors concentrated their aid efforts on fewer countries and activities. An extra EUR 8.4 billion of annual savings could potentially be achieved from better cross-country allocation patterns. Politically, better coordination would result in increased impact and greater visibility for the EU development policy on the world stage Annex I – The Cost of Non-Europe in Development Policy. Research paper by the Südwind Institut Annex II - Case study: Morocco. Research paper by Elcano Royal Institute Annex III- Quantifying the economic benefits of increased EU donor coordination. Research paper by Prof. Arne Bigsten (University of Gothenburg)

Strengthening the Link between Relief, Rehabilitation and Development (LRRD) in the EU's Financing Instruments for Development and Humanitarian Aid under the MFF 2014-2020

08-08-2012

Linking Relief, Rehabilitation and Development (LRRD) tries to harmonize short-term relief and long-term development through effective political and financial coordinating mechanisms. Within the current EU legislative framework, LRRD is broadly considered in the Humanitarian Aid Instrument, whereas the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) is characterized by a less systematic commitment to LRRD. The Instrument for Stability was designed as a more flexible instrument that also opens up opportunities ...

Linking Relief, Rehabilitation and Development (LRRD) tries to harmonize short-term relief and long-term development through effective political and financial coordinating mechanisms. Within the current EU legislative framework, LRRD is broadly considered in the Humanitarian Aid Instrument, whereas the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) is characterized by a less systematic commitment to LRRD. The Instrument for Stability was designed as a more flexible instrument that also opens up opportunities for LRRD but it is mainly security driven and has failed to convince practitioners of its LRRD value. The analysis of the actual implementation of the European LRRD concept in different partner countries and crisis situations shows that, despite some progress made in recent years, the funding gap in the grey area between relief and development still exists and the coordination and enhancement of LRRD activities is far from being institutionalised. In the light of the 2014-2020 MFF and the new DCI, the study gives suggestions regarding the legal basis, financing options and general recommendations for the EU’s strategic framework on LRRD. Amongst others, additional resources are needed for LRRD, which should be seen as an approach rather than an option in geographical instruments and respective provisions should be made explicit in Country Strategy Papers.

External author

Pedro Morazán (Südwind Institute, Germany), François Grünewald (Groupe URD), Irene Knoke (Südwind Institute, Germany) and Tobias Schäfer (Südwind Institute, Germany)

Criteria for Differentiation and Methods for Phasing Out EU's Development Cooperation in Light of the Commission's Proposal for a Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) for 2014-2020

16-05-2012

The European Union has expressed its intention to concentrate its development aid resources where they are needed the most. To this purpose, the Commission has proposed to apply national per capita income-based criteria for the identification of countries that may no longer qualify for EU bilateral aid under the Development Cooperation Instrument for the 2014-2020 Multiannual Financial Framework. With the new scenario, the EU aspires to end poverty reduction-focused aid allocations to highly heterogeneous ...

The European Union has expressed its intention to concentrate its development aid resources where they are needed the most. To this purpose, the Commission has proposed to apply national per capita income-based criteria for the identification of countries that may no longer qualify for EU bilateral aid under the Development Cooperation Instrument for the 2014-2020 Multiannual Financial Framework. With the new scenario, the EU aspires to end poverty reduction-focused aid allocations to highly heterogeneous ‘graduated’, middle-income countries that house large amounts of poor people. The present briefing assesses actual and alternative criteria against which the EU could better adapt to the changing global geography of poverty. Furthermore, it explores the prospected impacts that a potential cut of bilateral aid may entail for ‘graduated’ countries and for the Union itself. Given the risk of loosing bilateral aid focal points in developing countries and the non-development nature of the Partnership Instrument, a strategic adaptation period is proposed, during which a more comprehensive and coherent EU global development policy capable to impact the people most in need could be adopted. This should encompass a transition toward a stronger focus on social cohesion, arguably the Achilles’ Heel of most middle-income countries, as they progress on their economic development.

External author

Josep M. COLL (European Studies University Institute - Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain)

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