213

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The EU’s regulatory and supervisory response to addressing non-performing loans

12-02-2021

Building on earlier EGOV papers, this briefing addresses the evolution of non-performing loans (NPLs) over time, the EU regulatory and supervisory approaches to manage NPLs and highlights areas where gaps may still be observed. Renewed interest in asset management companies as a possible instrument to deal with NPLs is discussed in an annex. Concerns around NPLs are growing, as the impact of COVID-19 crisis related responses on banks’ balance sheets begin to be further scrutinised. This briefing ...

Building on earlier EGOV papers, this briefing addresses the evolution of non-performing loans (NPLs) over time, the EU regulatory and supervisory approaches to manage NPLs and highlights areas where gaps may still be observed. Renewed interest in asset management companies as a possible instrument to deal with NPLs is discussed in an annex. Concerns around NPLs are growing, as the impact of COVID-19 crisis related responses on banks’ balance sheets begin to be further scrutinised. This briefing will be updated in light of relevant developments.

The ECB’s Monetary Policy Response to the COVID-19 Crisis

09-02-2021

(Updated 9 February 2021) The coronavirus pandemic is taking a heavy toll on the euro area economy, necessitating a timely and resolute macroeconomic policy response. The ECB's Governing Council acted decisively by taking a series of measures that collectively provide a substantial monetary policy stimulus aimed at safeguarding the effective transmission of monetary policy and preventing a serious deterioration of financial conditions.

(Updated 9 February 2021) The coronavirus pandemic is taking a heavy toll on the euro area economy, necessitating a timely and resolute macroeconomic policy response. The ECB's Governing Council acted decisively by taking a series of measures that collectively provide a substantial monetary policy stimulus aimed at safeguarding the effective transmission of monetary policy and preventing a serious deterioration of financial conditions.

When and how to deactivate the SGP general escape clause?

15-01-2021

The unprecedented level of economic uncertainty requires clarifying the European fiscal rules. To avoid repeating the mistakes of the last crisis, the deactivation of the General Escape Clause should be state-dependent, not time-dependent and should take place only when 1) a reform of the SGP has been agreed upon, 2) the EU has returned to its pre-crisis level in terms of GDP per capita or employment. The state-dependent strategy should also apply at the country level.

The unprecedented level of economic uncertainty requires clarifying the European fiscal rules. To avoid repeating the mistakes of the last crisis, the deactivation of the General Escape Clause should be state-dependent, not time-dependent and should take place only when 1) a reform of the SGP has been agreed upon, 2) the EU has returned to its pre-crisis level in terms of GDP per capita or employment. The state-dependent strategy should also apply at the country level.

External author

Philippe MARTIN, Xavier RAGOT

EU trade policy review

22-12-2020

In June 2020, the European Commission launched an EU trade policy review that will lead to a revised strategy to be adopted early in 2021. The aim is to set a new course for trade policy in a changing global context, aligned with EU priorities and supporting recovery from the coronavirus crisis. Parliament has contributed to the process with a resolution on 26 November 2020, and will continue monitoring implementation of the new policy in 2021.

In June 2020, the European Commission launched an EU trade policy review that will lead to a revised strategy to be adopted early in 2021. The aim is to set a new course for trade policy in a changing global context, aligned with EU priorities and supporting recovery from the coronavirus crisis. Parliament has contributed to the process with a resolution on 26 November 2020, and will continue monitoring implementation of the new policy in 2021.

When and How to Deactivate the SGP General Escape Clause?

11-12-2020

Based on a brief assessment of the current EU fiscal framework, the paper discusses when and how fiscal surveillance should be enacted again, and investigates possible options for reform. The general escape clause should be lifted as soon as epidemiological conditions allow for economic activity to normalise, probably by 2022. We propose a transitory arrangement if the discussion on a broader reform of the fiscal framework remains inconclusive while the general escape clause is in force.

Based on a brief assessment of the current EU fiscal framework, the paper discusses when and how fiscal surveillance should be enacted again, and investigates possible options for reform. The general escape clause should be lifted as soon as epidemiological conditions allow for economic activity to normalise, probably by 2022. We propose a transitory arrangement if the discussion on a broader reform of the fiscal framework remains inconclusive while the general escape clause is in force.

External author

Klaus-Jürgen GERN Stefan KOOTHS Ulrich STOLZENBURG

The European Semester during the Pandemic

03-12-2020

Due to the pandemic, the European Semester for economic policy coordination will look rather different (in both form and substance) to what it was in previous cycles. This document provides an overview on how the various policy instruments comprised in the European Semester have been or are being implemented as part of the EU Recovery Plan, notably the interactions with the proposed Recovery and Resilience Facility.

Due to the pandemic, the European Semester for economic policy coordination will look rather different (in both form and substance) to what it was in previous cycles. This document provides an overview on how the various policy instruments comprised in the European Semester have been or are being implemented as part of the EU Recovery Plan, notably the interactions with the proposed Recovery and Resilience Facility.

When and how to deactivate the SGP general escape clause?

25-11-2020

This paper provides a framework for considering when and how to deactivate the general escape clause of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP). That framework takes into account the goals of the SGP, the desire to avoid pro-cyclical policy influences that might stifle Europe’s economic recovery, and the necessity not to endanger fiscal sustainability in the medium term. The framework also considers the variation in performance across countries and the indicators that might be used to map transitional ...

This paper provides a framework for considering when and how to deactivate the general escape clause of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP). That framework takes into account the goals of the SGP, the desire to avoid pro-cyclical policy influences that might stifle Europe’s economic recovery, and the necessity not to endanger fiscal sustainability in the medium term. The framework also considers the variation in performance across countries and the indicators that might be used to map transitional arrangements.

External author

Erik JONES

Thematic Digest: “The role for the European Semester in the recovery plan”

24-11-2020

At the request of the ECON Committee, four papers were commissioned to external experts on the linkages between the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) and the European Semester (ES), as well as on the role of the European Parliament in the the RRF. In particular, experts were asked to assess whether and how the ES constitutes a suitable governance framework for the recovery measures, notably on: •the identification of the EU priority areas; •the analysis, the adoptions and the monitoring of ...

At the request of the ECON Committee, four papers were commissioned to external experts on the linkages between the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) and the European Semester (ES), as well as on the role of the European Parliament in the the RRF. In particular, experts were asked to assess whether and how the ES constitutes a suitable governance framework for the recovery measures, notably on: •the identification of the EU priority areas; •the analysis, the adoptions and the monitoring of the national recovery plans; and •the performance of the European Parliament (EP) scrutiny and accountability role.

The Euro Area After COVID-19

18-11-2020

The COVID-19 pandemic will leave the euro area economy quite weak. It will be essential that both fiscal and monetary policies remain mobilised to achieve a sustainable recovery. Having indirectly financed a large share of new public debts, the ECB will have to tread a fine line between its price stability mandate and the need to avoid disrupting debt markets. The solution for the ECB is to use its announced strategy review to provide more clarity, both to its objectives and to its procedures. This ...

The COVID-19 pandemic will leave the euro area economy quite weak. It will be essential that both fiscal and monetary policies remain mobilised to achieve a sustainable recovery. Having indirectly financed a large share of new public debts, the ECB will have to tread a fine line between its price stability mandate and the need to avoid disrupting debt markets. The solution for the ECB is to use its announced strategy review to provide more clarity, both to its objectives and to its procedures. This includes adopting average inflation targeting, a formal relationship with member governments and the issuance of its own debt instruments. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 19 November 2020.

External author

Charles Wyplosz

What role for the European Semester in the recovery plan?

09-11-2020

The paper assesses the institutional interactions between the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) and the European Semester, with the view to establish whether and how the Semester can constitute a governance framework for the RRF. It argues that the RRF and the Semester are mutually beneficial: the EU Semester offers important informational and signaling advantages for the preparation of recovery and resilience plans. The RRF, in turn, offers important implementation benefits for the policy advice ...

The paper assesses the institutional interactions between the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) and the European Semester, with the view to establish whether and how the Semester can constitute a governance framework for the RRF. It argues that the RRF and the Semester are mutually beneficial: the EU Semester offers important informational and signaling advantages for the preparation of recovery and resilience plans. The RRF, in turn, offers important implementation benefits for the policy advice issued under the European Semester. Yet, potential synergies are not fully exploited on implementation, ownership, and accountability towards the European Parliament.

External author

Manuela MOSCHELLA

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