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Voting and candidacy rights of mobile EU citizens in municipal elections under Directive 94/80/EC

29-10-2021

An estimated 13.3 million European Union (EU) citizens live in an EU Member State that is not their country of origin. Of these, over 11 million are of voting age. Under Council Directives 93/109/EC and 94/80/EC, these 'mobile' Europeans are entitled to participate in European and municipal elections in their country of residence. While Member States have successfully transposed both directives, voter turnout among mobile citizens remains low compared to nationals. In its 2020 citizenship report, ...

An estimated 13.3 million European Union (EU) citizens live in an EU Member State that is not their country of origin. Of these, over 11 million are of voting age. Under Council Directives 93/109/EC and 94/80/EC, these 'mobile' Europeans are entitled to participate in European and municipal elections in their country of residence. While Member States have successfully transposed both directives, voter turnout among mobile citizens remains low compared to nationals. In its 2020 citizenship report, the European Commission announced a strengthening of electoral rights in European and municipal elections. According to the Commission's 2021 work programme (Annex II), amending proposals are envisaged for the fourth quarter of 2021, as part of the 'Transparency and democracy package'. This briefing explores the operation of Council Directive 94/80/EC on the right to vote and to stand as a candidate in municipal elections and discusses obstacles to citizens' effective exercise of their rights. It also analyses the implications of Brexit on local election rights for both United Kingdom (UK) citizens residing in the EU 27 and EU citizens living in the UK. The resulting post-Brexit status quo is a complex patchwork governed by national law and bilateral agreements. A separate briefing examines the implementation of Directive 93/109/EC regarding European elections.

Voting and candidacy rights of mobile EU citizens in European elections under Council Directive 93/109/EC

29-10-2021

Under the arrangements set out in Council Directives 93/109/EC and 94/80/EC, EU nationals who live in a Member State other than their own are entitled to participate in European and municipal elections, respectively, in their country of residence. This concerns an estimated 11 million EU citizens of voting age (post-Brexit data). Even if Member States have successfully transposed both directives, voter turnout among mobile citizens remains low compared to nationals. Similarly, only a fraction of ...

Under the arrangements set out in Council Directives 93/109/EC and 94/80/EC, EU nationals who live in a Member State other than their own are entitled to participate in European and municipal elections, respectively, in their country of residence. This concerns an estimated 11 million EU citizens of voting age (post-Brexit data). Even if Member States have successfully transposed both directives, voter turnout among mobile citizens remains low compared to nationals. Similarly, only a fraction of candidates standing for European elections is made up of non-nationals (slightly over 1 % in the 2019 elections). The European Commission has announced its intention to update both directives; according to its 2021 work programme (Annex II), amending proposals are envisaged for the fourth quarter of 2021, forming part of the 'transparency and democracy package'. This briefing looks into the operation of Council Directive 93/109/EC on the right to vote and stand as candidate in European elections. It discusses obstacles that hinder mobile EU citizens from effectively exercising their electoral rights, such as registration and communication issues, and looks into the problem of double voting. The implementation of Directive 94/80/EC regarding municipal elections is examined in a separate briefing.

PRIIPs: Revised DA/RTS on improved disclosure rules for retail investment products

22-10-2021

This briefing has been prepared to support ECON’s work on scrutiny of the Delegated Regulation amending the RTS laid down in Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/653 on Key Information Documents (KIDs) as foreseen by Regulation (EU) No 1286/2014 on Packaged Retail and Insurance-based Investment Products (PRIIPs Regulation) . The Delegated Regulation was adopted by the Commission on 7 September 2021 together with two quick fix amendments of the PRIIPs Regulation and the Directive 2009/65/EC on ...

This briefing has been prepared to support ECON’s work on scrutiny of the Delegated Regulation amending the RTS laid down in Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/653 on Key Information Documents (KIDs) as foreseen by Regulation (EU) No 1286/2014 on Packaged Retail and Insurance-based Investment Products (PRIIPs Regulation) . The Delegated Regulation was adopted by the Commission on 7 September 2021 together with two quick fix amendments of the PRIIPs Regulation and the Directive 2009/65/EC on Undertakings for Collective Investments in Transferable Securities (UCITS Directive).

Machinery Directive: Revision of Directive 2006/42/EC

17-09-2021

The Machinery Directive establishes a regulatory framework for mechanical engineering industry products. It regulates the harmonisation of essential health and safety requirements for machinery in order to ensure the free movement of machinery products within the internal market on the one hand, and a high level of protection for machinery users on the other. The European Commission's Regulatory Fitness and Performance Programme (REFIT) evaluation of 2018 concluded that the directive has generally ...

The Machinery Directive establishes a regulatory framework for mechanical engineering industry products. It regulates the harmonisation of essential health and safety requirements for machinery in order to ensure the free movement of machinery products within the internal market on the one hand, and a high level of protection for machinery users on the other. The European Commission's Regulatory Fitness and Performance Programme (REFIT) evaluation of 2018 concluded that the directive has generally remained relevant and effective. However, it pointed at certain shortcomings in the enforcement of the directive (mainly related to market surveillance, a Member State responsibility), and found that despite its technology-neutral design, the directive might not sufficiently cover new risks stemming from emerging technologies (in particular robots using artificial intelligence technologies). Furthermore, it identified the potential for administrative simplification. The Commission issued its new proposal for a regulation on machinery products (COM(2021) 202) on 21 April 2021, as part of the 'artificial intelligence package'. In particular, the change of instrument (regulation instead of a directive) aims at ensuring a uniform implementation in the Member States and avoiding the risk of 'gold plating'.

Energy Performance of Buildings Directive 2010/31/EU: Fit for 55 revision - Implementation in action

30-08-2021

This paper has been produced by the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) to assist the ITRE committee in its work on the implementation report on the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) as part of the Fit for 55 package. It aims to provide a succinct overview of publicly available material on the implementation, application and effectiveness to date of the EPBD, drawing input from EU institutions and bodies and from external organisations. It takes a thematic approach with ...

This paper has been produced by the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) to assist the ITRE committee in its work on the implementation report on the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) as part of the Fit for 55 package. It aims to provide a succinct overview of publicly available material on the implementation, application and effectiveness to date of the EPBD, drawing input from EU institutions and bodies and from external organisations. It takes a thematic approach with special focus on Member States' long-term renovation strategies.

Review of the Energy Taxation Directive

18-05-2021

Under the European Green Deal, the EU signed up for the transition to a modern, resource-efficient and competitive economy with no net emissions of greenhouse gases in 2050 and economic growth decoupled from resource use. As a medium target towards the 'net zero' long-term goal, the EU committed to at least 55% GHG emission reductions by 2030. Well-designed energy taxation can play a direct role in steering a successful energy transition. However, as this briefing shows, Council Directive 2003/96 ...

Under the European Green Deal, the EU signed up for the transition to a modern, resource-efficient and competitive economy with no net emissions of greenhouse gases in 2050 and economic growth decoupled from resource use. As a medium target towards the 'net zero' long-term goal, the EU committed to at least 55% GHG emission reductions by 2030. Well-designed energy taxation can play a direct role in steering a successful energy transition. However, as this briefing shows, Council Directive 2003/96/EC restructuring the Community framework for the taxation of energy products and electricity (ETD) and its implementation suffer from significant shortcomings (i.a. highly divergent national tax rates across the EU, a wide range of exemptions and reductions applied by the Member States and a lack of alignment with other EU climate and energy legislation). The Commission therefore plans to review the ETD in the second quarter of 2021.

Taxonomy Regulation: Approved EU Taxonomy Climate Delegated Act under Art. 10(3) and 11(3)of the Taxonomy Regulation

11-05-2021

This briefing has been prepared to support the parliamentary scrutiny of the Delegated Act (DA) on climate change mitigation and climate change adaptation as foreseen by Regulation (EU) No 2020/852 on the establishment of a framework to facilitate sustainable investment (Taxonomy Regulation) . In accordance with the empowerments set out in Articles 10 and 11 of the Taxonomy Regulation, the Commission shall adopt a delegated act establishing screening criteria to determine the conditions under which ...

This briefing has been prepared to support the parliamentary scrutiny of the Delegated Act (DA) on climate change mitigation and climate change adaptation as foreseen by Regulation (EU) No 2020/852 on the establishment of a framework to facilitate sustainable investment (Taxonomy Regulation) . In accordance with the empowerments set out in Articles 10 and 11 of the Taxonomy Regulation, the Commission shall adopt a delegated act establishing screening criteria to determine the conditions under which an economic activity qualifies as contributing substantially to climate change adaptation or mitigation and whether it does not cause significant harm to one or more of the environmental objectives listed under Article 9.

Energy Efficiency Directive

15-03-2021

The Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) was adopted in 2012 to promote energy efficiency across the EU and to help the EU to reach its (at least) 20 % energy efficiency target by 2020. In 2018, the EED was amended as part of the 'Clean energy for all Europeans package'. The amendments included raising the EU energy efficiency target to (at least) 32.5 %, to be achieved by 2030, among other things. The European Commission plans to submit its proposal for the revision of the EED in June 2021, with the ...

The Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) was adopted in 2012 to promote energy efficiency across the EU and to help the EU to reach its (at least) 20 % energy efficiency target by 2020. In 2018, the EED was amended as part of the 'Clean energy for all Europeans package'. The amendments included raising the EU energy efficiency target to (at least) 32.5 %, to be achieved by 2030, among other things. The European Commission plans to submit its proposal for the revision of the EED in June 2021, with the aim of better adjusting the EED to the European Green Deal objectives and an increased climate ambition. Improvements will aim to achieve the objective for Europe to become the first climate-neutral continent, with net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.

Roaming Regulation: EU Digital Single Market policy

15-02-2021

The Roaming Regulation established the ‘Roam-Like-At-Home’ (RLAH) rule that mandated the end of retail roaming charges as of 15 June 2017 in the EU. The Regulation will be in force until 30 June 2022. In 2021, the European Commission would review the Regulation, assessing its effects and the need to prolong it. The analysis of the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC) shows that a regulatory intervention is still necessary to ensure the EU citizens can continue to benefit ...

The Roaming Regulation established the ‘Roam-Like-At-Home’ (RLAH) rule that mandated the end of retail roaming charges as of 15 June 2017 in the EU. The Regulation will be in force until 30 June 2022. In 2021, the European Commission would review the Regulation, assessing its effects and the need to prolong it. The analysis of the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC) shows that a regulatory intervention is still necessary to ensure the EU citizens can continue to benefit of the RLAH rule.

Statistics on agricultural inputs and outputs (SAIO): Updated rules

12-02-2021

In the context of modernising the European agricultural statistics system (EASS), updated rules have been published by the European Commission on statistics for EU farming, including the organic sector, covering both inputs and outputs for crops and animals, pesticides, nutrients, agricultural prices, etc. The new legislative proposal is the outcome of an evaluation process underlying that existing legal and methodological structure of agricultural statistics does not take into account future needs ...

In the context of modernising the European agricultural statistics system (EASS), updated rules have been published by the European Commission on statistics for EU farming, including the organic sector, covering both inputs and outputs for crops and animals, pesticides, nutrients, agricultural prices, etc. The new legislative proposal is the outcome of an evaluation process underlying that existing legal and methodological structure of agricultural statistics does not take into account future needs and does not function in an efficient way.

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29-11-2021
The Mutual Defence Clause (Article 42(7) TEU) in the face of new threats
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29-11-2021
Competitiveness of EU agriculture
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30-11-2021
Eliminating Violence against Women - Inter-parliamentary committee meeting
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