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Recent migration flows to the EU

De un vistazo 03-06-2021

This infographic aims to present the latest available data on migrant flows to the EU in the year 2020. It covers the detection of illegal crossings on the EU's external borders and numbers of deaths of migrants on those crossings. This Infographic updates and complements previous editions, the most recent of which was issued in April 2020 (PE 649.329).

The Enlargement of the Union

Fichas temáticas sobre la EU 01-09-2017

On 1 July 2013, Croatia became the 28th Member State of the European Union. Croatia’s accession, which followed that of Romania and Bulgaria on 1 January 2007, marked the sixth enlargement. Negotiations are being conducted with Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey. Albania and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia are also candidate countries, while Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo are potential candidate countries.

El Espacio Económico Europeo, Suiza y el Norte

Fichas temáticas sobre la EU 01-09-2017

El Espacio Económico Europeo (EEE) fue creado en 1994 para ampliar las disposiciones de la Unión sobre el mercado interior a los países de la Asociación Europea de Libre Comercio (AELC). Noruega, Islandia y Liechtenstein son partes en el EEE, mientras que Suiza es miembro de la AELC, pero no forma parte del EEE. La Unión y sus socios en el EEE (Noruega e Islandia) también están vinculados por diversas «políticas septentrionales» y foros centrados en el dinámico extremo septentrional de Europa y en ...

Relations between the European Union and Russia remain strained after, late in June, the EU extended its sanctions against the country until 31 January 2018, citing a lack of progress in the implementation of the Minsk agreements aimed at ending the Russian-Ukrainian conflict. Russia's annexation of Crimea and its conflict with Ukraine have challenged the post-Cold War security order in Europe. Russia's other assertive foreign policy moves, such as its role in the Syrian war and steps to extend its ...

The financial storm that swept Iceland in 2008 has had long-lasting effects on the country's domestic political climate. Despite the remarkably speedy economic recovery, the post-crash political crisis has continued to evolve. New, alternative political movements have mushroomed, and the anti-establishment Pirate Party is expecting a big boost in the 29 October snap elections.

EU Arctic policy has evolved significantly in recent years, culminating in the April 2016 Joint Communication from the European Commission and the HRVP for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. The Communication focuses on the environment and climate change, sustainable development, and peaceful international cooperation, with overarching support for scientific research. This coincides with most of the priorities of the EU’s Arctic Member States, Denmark, Finland and Sweden. The Communication does ...

EFTA states have built up a network of 26 preferential trade agreements (PTAs) with 37 partners, compared to more than 120 trade agreements concluded by the EU with more than 45 partners. There are substantial differences between EU and EFTA PTAs in terms of scope and ambition. EFTA agreements still focus on traditional areas of market access, while the post-1990 EU agreements are more elaborate, values-driven, political and comprehensive. As a bloc, the EU has more leverage when it negotiates ...

Enmienda de Doha al Protocolo de Kioto

De un vistazo 29-05-2015

El Parlamento Europeo debe conceder su aprobación a la ratificación por parte de la Unión Europea de dos acuerdos relacionados con el clima: la enmienda de Doha al Protocolo de Kioto y un acuerdo entre la UE e Islandia relativo al cumplimiento conjunto de los compromisos contraídos con arreglo al Protocolo. La enmienda de Doha establece un segundo periodo de compromiso (2013-2020) para el Protocolo de Kioto, un acuerdo internacional para reducir las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero.

Rights-based fisheries management systems alter the incentives for discarding and harvesting selectivity compared to the alternatives. Nations that have adopted individual transferable quotas (ITQs) in their fisheries generally have comparatively low discard rates. This is partly due to the attributes of the ITQ system and partly due to clever methods adopted by these nations in order to reduce discards in their fisheries.

Iceland's application for EU membership, launched in the aftermath of the financial crisis, is today at a turning point. A new government, elected in April 2013, has presented the country’s parliament with a proposal to withdraw the accession application. While the move has triggered protests and petitions against the proposal, the government has also rejected a widely requested referendum on whether to pursue accession. The government’s position reflects two thorny issues in the bilateral relationship ...