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El Parlamento Europeo es el único órgano de la Unión elegido democráticamente. Sin embargo, a diferencia de la mayoría de los parlamentos, no tiene un derecho formal de iniciativa legislativa. Dicha iniciativa recae casi exclusivamente en los órganos ejecutivos de la Unión: la Comisión y, de forma limitada pero creciente, el Consejo Europeo y el Consejo. Este estudio, encargado por el Departamento Temático de Derechos de los Ciudadanos y Asuntos Constitucionales del Parlamento Europeo a petición ...

The European Commission has a near monopoly on legislative initiative in the European Union (EU), with special initiative rights for other institutions applying only in certain specific cases. However, the European Parliament and the Council may invite the Commission to submit legislative proposals. Whilst this 'indirect' initiative right does not create an obligation on the Commission to propose the legislation requested, the Treaty of Lisbon codified the Commission's obligation to provide reasons ...

The ECI enables European citizens to invite the Commission to table a proposal for a legal act. The detailed rules for such initiatives are laid down in a 2011 regulation, whose main stated aim is encouraging citizens' participation in the political life of the European Union (EU). However, since the regulation became applicable in April 2012, numerous actors have raised concerns regarding the instrument's functioning and have called for reform, aiming to simplify the existing procedures and increasing ...

La Iniciativa Ciudadana Europea (ICE) existe desde hace casi siete años y ahora las normas que rigen su funcionamiento son objeto de revisión. Tras las negociaciones interinstitucionales, el Parlamento y el Consejo alcanzaron un acuerdo provisional sobre la propuesta de la Comisión de revisión de la ICE. Ese acuerdo requiere ahora la aprobación formal de los colegisladores, y se prevé que el Parlamento Europeo someta a votación la propuesta en su período parcial de sesiones de marzo I.

The European Citizens' Initiative (ECI) is aimed at bringing the EU closer to its citizens, by enabling them to invite the European Commission to make a proposal for a legal act. Introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon, the ECI should provide every citizen with the right to participate in the democratic life of the Union. However, the ECI in practice has had various procedural hurdles, preventing the fulfilment of the regulation's objectives. The ECI is thus not fulfilling its potential with regard to ...

European Citizens' Initiative (ECI)

De un vistazo 29-01-2018

The European Citizens' Initiative (ECI), introduced in 2009 with the Lisbon Treaty, is a key element of participatory democracy, allowing citizens to play an active role in the EU's democratic life, through addressing a request to the European Commission to make a proposal for a legal act. The procedure and conditions for ECIs are governed by Regulation (EU) No 211/2011, in force since April 2012. In September 2017, the European Commission presented a proposal for its amendment, picking up on a number ...

La iniciativa ciudadana europea

Fichas temáticas sobre la EU 01-10-2017

La iniciativa ciudadana europea es un importante instrumento de democracia participativa de la Unión, gracias al cual un millón de ciudadanos de la Unión que residan en al menos una cuarta parte de los Estados miembros puede instar a la Comisión a presentar una propuesta de acto jurídico para aplicar los Tratados de la Unión. Desde la aplicación del Reglamento (UE) n.º 211/2011, que establece de forma pormenorizada procedimientos y condiciones para la iniciativa ciudadana europea, tres de ellas han ...

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker’s State of the Union address to the European Parliament, and the subsequent debate, on 13 September come in the context of the ongoing broader reflection on the future path of the European Union. This has been intensified by the first-ever withdrawal of a Member State from the Union; although lamented by most, this is often cited as an opportunity to rebuild the Union on stronger grounds. The debate will therefore feed into a larger reflection process ...

European Citizens' Initiative

De un vistazo 10-04-2017

The European Citizens' Initiative (ECI) was introduced in 2009 with the Lisbon Treaty. It is a key element of participatory democracy, allowing citizens to play an active role in the EU's democratic life, by addressing requests to the European Commission for legislative proposals. The procedure and conditions for ECIs are governed by Regulation (EU) No 211/2011, in force since April 2012. This was the subject of a first three-yearly review by the Commission in 2015, leading to a debate on the ECI's ...

La Comisión Europea

Fichas temáticas sobre la EU 01-04-2017

La Comisión es la institución de la Unión que tiene el monopolio de la iniciativa legislativa e importantes poderes ejecutivos en ámbitos como la competencia y el comercio exterior. Es el principal órgano ejecutivo de la Unión Europea y está formada por un colegio de comisarios compuesto por un representante por Estado miembro. Además, preside los comités competentes para la aplicación del Derecho de la UE. Se ha sustituido el antiguo sistema de comitología por nuevos instrumentos jurídicos, a saber ...