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The European Parliament after Brexit

De un vistazo 14-01-2020

Once the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU becomes legally effective, 73 EP seats will become vacant. Twenty-seven of these seats will be re-distributed among 14 Member States. The remaining 46 seats would be available for potential EU enlargements and/or for the possible future creation of a transnational constituency.

The allocation of seats in collegiate organs such as parliaments requires a method to translate votes proportionally into whole seats. The 'd'Hondt method' is a mathematical formula used widely in proportional representation systems, although it leads to less proportional results than other systems for seat allocation such as the Hare-Niemeyer and Sainte-Laguë/Schepers methods. Moreover, it tends to increase the advantage for the electoral lists which gain most votes to the detriment of those with ...

Japan: Shinzō Abe wins a new mandate

De un vistazo 25-10-2017

Shinzō Abe won the snap elections he called for the lower house on 22 October 2017. Despite her popularity, Tokyo's governor Yuriko Koike failed to convince the electorate to oust a prime minister in charge since December 2012. The newly created Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan became the main opposition force in the House of Representatives. In coalition with Kōmeitō, Abe's Liberal Democratic Party holds a two-thirds majority enabling it to pass constitutional amendments.

Since his election in 2015, Argentina's centre-right President, Mauricio Macri, has pursued sweeping domestic and foreign policy reforms, although his 'Let's Change' (Cambiemos) coalition of centre-right and centre-left parties holds only a minority of seats in the bicameral Congress. His presidency has marked a major shift from left-wing populism under his predecessors, Néstor Kirchner (2003-2007) and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (2007-2015), to economic neoliberalism. The mid-term vote on 22 ...

El Parlamento Europeo: organización y funcionamiento

Fichas temáticas sobre la EU 01-10-2017

La organización y el funcionamiento del Parlamento Europeo se rigen por su Reglamento. Los órganos políticos, las comisiones, las delegaciones y los grupos políticos guían las actividades del Parlamento.

El Parlamento Europeo: modalidades de elección

Fichas temáticas sobre la EU 01-10-2017

Los procedimientos para la elección del Parlamento Europeo se rigen tanto por la legislación de la Unión, que define normas comunes para todos los Estados miembros, como por disposiciones nacionales específicas que varían de un Estado a otro. Las normas comunes establecen el principio de representación proporcional y ciertas incompatibilidades con el mandato de diputado al Parlamento Europeo. Muchas otras cuestiones importantes, como el sistema electoral específico que se emplea o el número de circunscripciones ...

El Tratado de Niza y la Convención sobre el futuro de Europa

Fichas temáticas sobre la EU 01-04-2017

El Tratado de Niza solo pudo preparar de manera parcial a la Unión Europea para las importantes ampliaciones al este y al sur que tuvieron lugar en 2004 y en 2007. Así pues, a raíz de las cuestiones planteadas en la Declaración de Laeken, la Convención sobre el futuro de Europa se esforzó por crear un nuevo fundamento jurídico para la Unión bajo la forma del Tratado por el que se establece una Constitución para Europa, que no fue ratificado a causa del resultado negativo de los referendos celebrados ...

The European Parliament: historical background

Fichas temáticas sobre la EU 01-04-2017

The origins of the European Parliament lie in the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), which became the common assembly of all the three supranational European communities that existed at the time. The assembly subsequently acquired the name ‘European Parliament’. Over time, the institution, whose members have been directly elected since 1979, has undergone deep change: from an assembly with appointed members to an elected parliament which is recognised as a political ...

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The allocation of seats in collegiate organs such as parliaments requires a method to translate votes proportionally into whole seats. The 'd'Hondt method' is a mathematical formula used widely in proportional representation systems, although it leads to less proportional results than other systems for seat allocation such as the Hare-Niemeyer and Sainte-Laguë/Schepers methods. Moreover, it tends to increase the advantage for the electoral lists gaining most votes to the detriment of those with fewer ...