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Lobbying has become an increasingly prominent issue in the European Union (EU) political and institutional debate over the past 20 years, with many comparing Brussels to Washington DC in this regard. The principal reason for this phenomenon is almost certainly the growing role of the EU as a policy-maker. As the EU institutions have expanded their regulatory competence in areas such as environmental law, the single market and consumer protection, and policy proposals have become more complex, they ...

The European Parliament is lobbied by growing numbers of special interests; their activity is greater in Committees dealing with issues on integration & regulation, and procedures under OLP, CNS and INI. Significantly, the density and diversity of accredited interests across committees mirrors patterns observed in registered groups across Commission DGs. Based on a survey of MEPs the report notes variation in the activity of interest groups across the policy cycle while influential groups are considered ...

Street Artists in Europe

Estudio 05-03-2007

The study’s main objective is to analyse the situation of street artists in Europe, taking into account as much as possible all 27 Member countries. The study evaluates the importance of street arts and the characteristics of this artistic sector. The analysis is based on aesthetic and social research, enriched with surveys and interviews on the economic, political and cultural context of street arts, considering the multidisciplinary nature of the art forms, their social and urban involvement as ...

This working document provides a photography of the current state of affairs in EU lobbying, addressing questions such as the number of organisations involved, their main strategies and working methods; this description is based on an analysis of recent academic work on lobbying and special interest representation. Moreover, the paper gives an overview of current rules and practices concerning lobbying in the parliamentary institutions of the Member States, based on research done with the help of ...

L’étude présente de manière concrète la place des ordres professionnels dans la mise en oeuvre du droit communautaire. Elle examine leurs caractéristiques générales, la nature de leurs compétences, les relations qu’elles entretiennent avec leurs membres et leur implication dans la détermination et l’application des règles déontologiques. Elle analyse aussi la jurisprudence de la Court de justice des Communautés européennes.