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Initial coin offerings (ICOs) are a relatively new method of raising capital for early-stage ventures. They allow businesses to raise capital for their projects, by issuing digital tokens in exchange for crypto assets or fiat currencies. They constitute an alternative to more traditional sources of start-up funding such as venture capital (VC) and angel finance. ICOs can potentially offer advantages in comparison with traditional ways of raising capital. At the same time, their opacity and the general ...

Las medidas adoptadas para crear una unión de los mercados de capitales (UMC) deben tener como objetivo mejorar la gama de opciones de financiación ofrecidas a las empresas y a los ciudadanos. La Comisión de Asuntos Económicos y Monetarios del Parlamento Europeo ha aprobado un informe de propia iniciativa sobre el desarrollo de la UMC cuya votación está prevista para el período parcial de sesiones de octubre I. Pide medidas específicas para ayudar a la financiación de las empresas, promover la inversión ...

Investment firms play an important role in capital markets, facilitating savings and investment flows across the EU. However, the current EU rules are seen as fragmented, overly complex, inconsistently applied and often a poor fit for the actual risks taken by the various types of investment firms. The Commission proposed a new regulation on the prudential requirements of investment firms and a new directive on the prudential supervision of investment firms. These proposals update the framework for ...

El número creciente de servicios de FinTech prestados por empresas emergentes de nueva creación, instituciones financieras tradicionales y grandes empresas tecnológicas puede traer nuevos desafíos de competencia al sector. Algunos factores pueden dar lugar a comportamientos contrarios a la competencia, en concreto los efectos de red derivados del uso de plataformas en línea, el acceso a datos de clientes, la normalización, la interoperabilidad y el uso de algoritmos. Combinado con un análisis servicio ...

This paper forms part of a series of five studies on mis-selling of financial products in the EU. The focus of this document is mis-selling of subordinated debt and other junior liabilities and weaknesses of MiFID. This report concludes that the mis-selling, essentially through self-placement, was due to violations of MiFID rules rather than weaknesses of the legislative scheme. The report includes proposals to strengthen the legislation and to provide compensation for retail investors. This document ...

This study forms part of a series of five studies on mis-selling of financial products in the EU. The study reviews the EU legislative and regulatory framework for the marketing, sale and distribution of financial products to assess whether post-crisis EU regulatory reforms have met their objectives and, if not, what are the gaps and weaknesses in the current EU regulatory approach. The EU follows a sectoral approach to regulating the marketing and sale of financial products, which results in segmentation ...

El fondo de capital riesgo europeo (FCRE) y el fondo de emprendimiento social europeo (FESE) son instrumentos de inversión colectivos que fueron armonizados a nivel de la Unión Europea (UE) en julio de 2013 por medio de dos Reglamentos: Reglamento (UE) n.º 345/2013 (FCRE) y Reglamento (UE) n.º 346/2013 (FESE). El Parlamento votará las propuestas de modificación de estos reglamentos durante su pleno de septiembre.

Social enterprises combine social goals with entrepreneurial activity. They represent a business model focused on having a positive social or environmental impact rather than simply making profit for shareholders. Social enterprises make a valuable contribution to the economy and society, operating mainly in local communities and covering areas such as education, healthcare, social services, work integration and environmental protection. They are also an increasingly popular choice for outsourcing ...

This initial appraisal concludes that the Commission's impact assessment is based on sound knowledge and on relevant data relating to the investment funds industry. However, the evidence regarding specifically the two fund frameworks under review - European venture capital funds and European social entrepreneurship funds - is, by the IA's own admission, limited. The IA and the review attached to it do not cover all the points listed in the review clauses of the two regulations, for instance the geographical ...

COSME is a programme of the European Union which supports enterprises (in facilitating access to finance, supporting internationalisation, creating an environment favourable to competitiveness, encouraging entrepreneurship) in order to help them grow and create jobs.