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The markets in crypto assets (MiCA) proposal intends to adapt to the latest technological trends in the FinTech sector. The briefing analyses the strengths and weaknesses of the impact assessment (IA) accompanying the MiCA and DLT proposals. The IA is quite technical and difficult to read for a non-expert. The policy options were compared against the criteria of effectiveness, efficiency and coherence, but not against proportionality, which is required by the better regulation guidelines. The preferred ...

According to the Portuguese Constitution adopted in 1976, Portugal is a semi-presidential Republic and a parliamentary democracy. It is a unitary state which also includes two autonomous regions (the Azores and Madeira archipelagos) with their own political and administrative statutes and self-governing institutions (Article 6 of the Constitution). The Constitution of the Third Republic created a single representative body: the Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da República). The Assembly exercises ...

Subsidiarity: Mechanisms for monitoring compliance

Análisis en profundidad 12-07-2018

The principle of subsidiarity requires decisions to be taken at the lowest practical level of government without, however, jeopardising mutually beneficial cooperation at the supranational level. Recent decades have seen efforts to strengthen the subsidiarity principle in EU law, including the introduction of the well-known early warning mechanism (EWM) for national parliaments. At the same time, the principle of subsidiarity remains a contested notion. This has important implications for the regulatory ...

El principio de subsidiariedad

Fichas temáticas sobre la EU 01-10-2017

En el marco de las competencias no exclusivas de la Unión, el principio de subsidiariedad, consagrado en el Tratado de la Unión Europea, define las condiciones en las que la Unión tiene prioridad de acción con respecto a los Estados miembros.

El Parlamento Europeo: relaciones con los Parlamentos nacionales

Fichas temáticas sobre la EU 01-10-2017

El avance de la integración europea ha implicado la modificación del papel de los Parlamentos nacionales. Se han creado diversos instrumentos de cooperación entre el Parlamento Europeo y los Parlamentos nacionales con el objetivo de garantizar un control democrático efectivo de la legislación europea a todos los niveles. Las disposiciones introducidas por el Tratado de Lisboa han reforzado esta tendencia.

El Comité de las Regiones

Fichas temáticas sobre la EU 01-10-2017

El Comité de las Regiones (CdR) se compone de 350 miembros, que representan a las entidades regionales y locales de los 28 Estados miembros de la Unión Europea. Emite dictámenes en los casos de consulta obligatoria contemplados en los Tratados, en los casos de consulta facultativa y por propia iniciativa si lo considera oportuno. Sus miembros no están vinculados por ningún mandato imperativo. Ejercen sus funciones con plena independencia, en interés general de la Unión.

The IA contains a wealth of information, data and research, both internal and external, but some parts of the complex analysis lack clarity and coherence. The extensive quantitative estimations are not always comparable in structure and thus difficult to relate to each other. The potential contribution of the options to the reduction of CO2 emissions and to the REFIT exercise remains vague, as well as their impact on SMEs. The IA concludes that higher revenues, better road quality and considerable ...

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and the Treaty

Fichas temáticas sobre la EU 01-06-2017

Following the entry into force of the Treaty of Rome, Member States’ agricultural policies were replaced by intervention mechanisms at Community level. The foundations of the common agricultural policy (CAP) have remained unchanged since the Treaty of Rome, with the exception of rules relating to the decision-making procedure. The Lisbon Treaty recognised codecision as the ‘ordinary legislative procedure’ for the CAP, in place of the consultation procedure.

The European services e-card

Briefing 05-05-2017

The overall impression is that the IA provides a thorough analysis of the current problems encountered. The IA indicates the likely costs and benefits of the proposed options, which are grouped into four packages. The Commission makes clear that, where possible, quantitative estimations were provided of the impacts of reducing administrative burden and/or regulatory obstacles, but underscores that there are nevertheless many other factors which influence the levels of cross-border trade and investment ...

The Treaty of Lisbon has entrusted national parliaments with the responsibility to monitor the respect of the principle of subsidiarity in new EU legislative proposals adopted in areas of non-exclusive EU competence (so-called Early Warning System). The Commission has been the primary interlocutor of parliaments in this framework, although Parliament also receives and follows-up on national parliaments’ reasoned opinions. Despite positive developments visible both at EU and national level, important ...