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This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. It highlights that despite the increasing number of public policies and institutional resources designed to promote women-led business, the entrepreneurship gender gap persists. This study aims to analyse this apparent contradiction, focusing on three main questions: What are the constraints that women face when deciding to become entrepreneurs ...

The European Commission has proposed to mobilise €345 000 for technical assistance to the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF). The European Parliament’s Committee on Budgets backs this proposal, underlining that the EGF can be used to support permanently dismissed workers and the self-employed in the context of the global crisis caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. Parliament is expected to vote on this proposal during the June plenary session.

The coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) is having a major negative impact on employment. As part of the EU’s response to the crisis, the European Commission has proposed the creation of SURE, a temporary instrument to complement national efforts to protect employees and the self-employed from the risk of unemployment and loss of income. Under the scheme, the EU would be able to provide financial support worth up to €100 billion to 'short-time work' schemes and other national measures that have this objective ...

The note identifies future risks to the physical and mental health and safety of workers that are attributable to technology-driven changes in the workplace and looks at possible legislative responses and further action.

This paper presents recent developments in (youth) employment and the implementation of the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) in Slovenia, including a brief overview of trends, policy developments and measures taken or planned in this field. Specific attention is given to the measure First Challenge 2015, which is the only measure supported through the YEI in Slovenia. The paper has been prepared upon request of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs of the European Parliament in view of ...

Youth Employment Initiative

Briefing 14-09-2017

The Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) is the main EU funding programme of the Youth Guarantee (YG) political commitment. It was established to support young people not in education, employment or training (NEETs) in regions with a youth unemployment rate above 25 %. The YEI has been in place for three years and both the initial results and the initial evaluations are positive.

This in-depth analysis, produced by the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit of the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), aims at presenting an overview of the state of implementation of the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI), which was established in 2013. It was drafted following the publication of the European Commission's report on the YEI and the Youth Guarantee, and also takes the findings of the Court of Auditors' special reports on the implementation of both instruments into account. The analysis ...

This study provides an overview of the social and employment situation in the US. The paper has been put together to inform the Delegation of the Employment and Social Affairs Committee in view of their visit to Washington, USA in April 2017. The paper looks at the labour market situation in the USA over the last decade, social protection in the USA, and recent developments in the labor market and social protection.

Young Women's Unemployment in EU

Briefing 15-02-2017

The European Parliament Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality of the European Parliament Legal Affairs requested this briefing paper in the framework of its own-initiative legislative report on Women’s Economic Empowerment in the Private and Public Sectors in the EU.

This briefing provides a discussion of economic, regulatory, labor and social issues related to the sharing economy (collaborative economy). It provides a definition for the collaborative economy, placing it in the context of a range of past and current definitions, and proposing a new term, “crowd-based capitalism,” as a term that unifies changes across different industries. It outlines how this new form of commercial exchange blurs the lines between personal and commercial, elevating the importance ...