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Cyber solidarity act

Briefing 13-02-2024

Russia's war against Ukraine has revealed the extent of our dependency on digital technology and the fragility of the digital space. It has triggered a surge in cyberattacks that have been particularly disruptive when targeting critical infrastructure – such as energy, health or finance – because of the increasing reliance on information technology, rendering this infrastructure all the more vulnerable. Against this backdrop, the Commission has proposed a regulation on a cyber solidarity act that ...

Generative AI and watermarking

Briefing 13-12-2023

Generative artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to transform industries and society by boosting innovation, empowering individuals and increasing productivity. One of the drawbacks of the adoption of this technology, however, is that it is becoming increasingly difficult to differentiate human-generated content from synthetic content generated by AI, potentially enabling illegal and harmful conduct. Policymakers around the globe are therefore pondering how to design and implement watermarking ...

More than 3 years after the entry into application of the Geo-blocking Regulation (GBR) and more than 2 years after the publication of the Commission report on the first short-term review of the GBR, the European Parliament's Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) decided to draft a report to establish the extent to which implementation of the GBR had contributed to the integration of the internal market and thereby to better deals for consumers and more opportunities for ...

The data act

Briefing 15-05-2023

On 23 February 2022, the European Commission unveiled a proposal for an EU regulation – the data act – laying down harmonised rules on fair access to and use of data. The aim is to remove barriers to consumers and businesses' access to data, in a context in which the volume of data generated by humans and machines is increasing exponentially and becoming a critical factor for innovation by businesses (e.g. algorithm training) and by public authorities (e.g. shaping of smart cities). The proposed ...

Directive 2019/1151/EU on the use of digital tools and processes in company law was the first step towards digitalisation in the area of company law. The directive amended EU company law provisions to enable online formation, registration of branches and filing of documents for limited liability companies. Its purpose was to facilitate such processes and make them cost-effective for businesses, including for cross-border activities. The digitalisation of company law is one aspect of EU digital policy ...

El presente estudio, encargado por el Departamento Temático de Derechos de los Ciudadanos y Asuntos Constitucionales del Parlamento Europeo a petición de la Comisión LIBE, examina los riesgos que las redes sociales contemporáneas - haciendo especial hincapié en las plataformas más utilizadas - plantean para la democracia, el Estado de Derecho y los derechos fundamentales. El estudio se centra en la gobernanza de los contenidos en línea, ofrece una evaluación de la legislación vigente de la UE y de ...

Se prevé que el Parlamento Europeo vote durante el segundo período parcial de sesiones de marzo de 2023 el acuerdo político sobre la propuesta de Reglamento relativo a la seguridad general de los productos alcanzado en las negociaciones tripartitas el 28 de noviembre de 2022. Este nuevo Reglamento sustituirá a la actual Directiva relativa a la seguridad general de los productos. Aborda los retos en materia de seguridad de los productos que plantean las tecnologías emergentes, en particular el uso ...

The rise of online sales and marketplaces poses new challenges to product safety, consumer protection, and unfair business practices. At the same time, e-commerce has the potential to facilitate more sustainable production processes and consumption patterns and ensure more circularity. This study provides information on the role of e-commerce in implementing the European Green Deal and makes recommendations for future action. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific ...

The Digital Markets Act (DMA) entered into force on 1 November 2022. The DMA rules apply to large companies – designated as gatekeepers – that provide core platform services such as marketplaces, app stores, online search engines or cloud computing services in the EU. Most of the act's provisions will apply as of 2 May 2023, when the gatekeeper designation procedure will start. That designation follows notification by the respective platforms to the Commission. Operators designated as gatekeepers ...

The Digital Services Act (DSA) entered into force on 16 November 2022. The DSA rules apply to categories of online intermediary services according to their role, size and impact on the online ecosystem. Online intermediary services such as online marketplaces, app stores, collaborative economy platforms, search engines and social media platforms will have to comply with a range of obligations to ensure transparency, accountability and responsibility for their actions. Operators designated as very ...