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Acuerdo sobre Indicaciones Geográficas UE China

05-11-2020

Durante el período parcial de sesiones de noviembre I, el Parlamento votará sobre la concesión de su aprobación a la celebración del Acuerdo UE China sobre cooperación en materia de indicaciones geográficas y protección de indicaciones geográficas, es decir, de signos distintivos vinculados principalmente a productos agroalimentarios de una determinada calidad, reputación u otras características atribuibles a su origen geográfico específico. El Acuerdo añade un nuevo elemento al marco jurídico de ...

Durante el período parcial de sesiones de noviembre I, el Parlamento votará sobre la concesión de su aprobación a la celebración del Acuerdo UE China sobre cooperación en materia de indicaciones geográficas y protección de indicaciones geográficas, es decir, de signos distintivos vinculados principalmente a productos agroalimentarios de una determinada calidad, reputación u otras características atribuibles a su origen geográfico específico. El Acuerdo añade un nuevo elemento al marco jurídico de las relaciones de la UE con China, que se basa actualmente, en particular, en el Acuerdo de Cooperación Comercial y Económica entre la Comunidad Económica Europea y la República Popular de China, de 1985. Su objetivo es proteger cien indicaciones geográficas de la UE y otras cien de China contra la imitación y la usurpación en los territorios de la otra Parte, así como aplicar el principio de reciprocidad en los vínculos entre la UE y China.

Amazon deforestation and EU-Mercosur deal

29-10-2020

After coming to a political agreement on the trade pillar of the three-pronged EU-Mercosur association agreement in June 2019, the EU and the four founding members of Mercosur (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) reached agreement on the political dialogue and cooperation parts in July 2020. However, as environmental deregulation and deforestation continue unabated in Brazil, opposition to the deal is growing. It is unlikely to be submitted to the European Parliament for consent in its current ...

After coming to a political agreement on the trade pillar of the three-pronged EU-Mercosur association agreement in June 2019, the EU and the four founding members of Mercosur (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) reached agreement on the political dialogue and cooperation parts in July 2020. However, as environmental deregulation and deforestation continue unabated in Brazil, opposition to the deal is growing. It is unlikely to be submitted to the European Parliament for consent in its current form. A study of the trade pillar's provisions concludes that, taking the risk of deforestation into account, the deal's environmental costs are likely to exceed its economic gains. This raises doubts as to whether Brazil's compliance with its climate change commitments can realistically be achieved based on provisions devoid of an effective enforcement mechanism.

Acuerdos internacionales en curso: Modernización del pilar comercial del Acuerdo Global UE-México

02-10-2020

El 21 de abril de 2018 la Unión Europea (UE) y México llegaron a un Acuerdo de principio sobre un pilar comercial modernizado del Acuerdo de asociación económica, concertación política y cooperación entre la UE y México, también conocido como Acuerdo Global, vigente desde 2000. El 28 de abril de 2020 las negociaciones concluyeron formalmente después de que se llegara a un acuerdo sobre el único punto pendiente: el acceso de la UE a los contratos públicos subfederales en México. El pilar comercial ...

El 21 de abril de 2018 la Unión Europea (UE) y México llegaron a un Acuerdo de principio sobre un pilar comercial modernizado del Acuerdo de asociación económica, concertación política y cooperación entre la UE y México, también conocido como Acuerdo Global, vigente desde 2000. El 28 de abril de 2020 las negociaciones concluyeron formalmente después de que se llegara a un acuerdo sobre el único punto pendiente: el acceso de la UE a los contratos públicos subfederales en México. El pilar comercial del Acuerdo Global constituyó el primer acuerdo de liberalización comercial que celebraba la UE con un país latinoamericano. Ha contribuido a aumentar de manera considerable el comercio de servicios y productos para uso industrial entre la UE y México. Sin embargo, se ha quedado obsoleto, ya que ambas partes han celebrado diversos una gran diversidad de acuerdos comerciales preferenciales con disposiciones más recientes que reflejan los nuevos avances en las políticas comerciales y de inversión. La eliminación de las barreras no arancelarias al comercio y una mayor liberalización del comercio de productos agrícolas permitirían a la UE y a México mejorar su ventaja competitiva en los mercados de la otra parte. Tras el control jurídico y la traducción del pilar comercial, este pasará a formar parte de un Acuerdo Global de tres ejes que también contendrá pilares renovados en materia de diálogo político y cooperación y que firmarán el Consejo de la UE y su homólogo mexicano. Seguidamente, el nuevo Acuerdo Global se remitirá al Parlamento Europeo para su aprobación. Segunda edición de un briefing elaborado originalmente por Roderick Harte. Los briefings sobre «Acuerdos internacionales en curso» se actualizan en fases clave a lo largo de todo el proceso, desde los debates iniciales hasta la ratificación.

International Agreements in Progress - EU–China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment: Levelling the playing field with China

11-09-2020

Lack of reciprocity in access to the Chinese market and the absence of a level playing field for EU investors in China have posed major challenges for EU-China investment relations in recent years, with the negotiation of a comprehensive agreement on investment (CAI) being considered by the EU a key instrument to remedy this state of play. The CAI negotiations are aimed at establishing a uniform legal framework for EU-China investment ties by replacing the 25 outdated bilateral investment treaties ...

Lack of reciprocity in access to the Chinese market and the absence of a level playing field for EU investors in China have posed major challenges for EU-China investment relations in recent years, with the negotiation of a comprehensive agreement on investment (CAI) being considered by the EU a key instrument to remedy this state of play. The CAI negotiations are aimed at establishing a uniform legal framework for EU-China investment ties by replacing the 25 outdated bilateral investment treaties (BITs) China and EU Member States concluded prior to the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty in 2009 when the EU gained competence for most investment issues. The CAI is intended to go far beyond traditional investment protection to also cover market access, investment-related sustainable development, and level playing field issues, such as transparency of subsidies, and rules on state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and forced technology transfer. Although leaders at the 2019 EU-China Summit jointly committed to concluding the CAI talks in 2020, lack of engagement at the highest political level on the Chinese side has raised doubts as to whether a breakthrough can be reached in time, with China more focused on navigating the uncertainties of its relations with the United States from January 2021. First edition. The 'International Agreements in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the process, from initial discussions through to ratification.

EU-China geographical indications agreement

02-09-2020

On 6 November 2019, the EU and China concluded negotiations on a standalone agreement on cooperation on, and protection of, geographical indications (GIs), i.e. distinctive signs attached to (mainly) agricultural products that have a given quality, reputation or other characteristics that are attributable to their specific geographic origin. GIs are a type of intellectual property right (IPR) protected at multilateral level under the Agreement on Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights ...

On 6 November 2019, the EU and China concluded negotiations on a standalone agreement on cooperation on, and protection of, geographical indications (GIs), i.e. distinctive signs attached to (mainly) agricultural products that have a given quality, reputation or other characteristics that are attributable to their specific geographic origin. GIs are a type of intellectual property right (IPR) protected at multilateral level under the Agreement on Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), and in the EU under a sui generis GI protection regime. The reciprocal EU-China agreement seeks to protect 100 EU GIs in China and 100 Chinese GIs in the EU against imitation and usurpation. On 20 July 2020, the Council endorsed its signature, and the European Parliament has now to give its consent for the agreement's conclusion. Once in force, the agreement could help boost EU exports of high-quality foodstuffs, wines and spirits to the EU's third-largest destination for agrifood exports, and foster rural development. It would also expand global recognition of the EU's sui generis GI protection regime, a key EU trade policy objective.

Review of EU Enforcement Regulation for trade disputes

20-07-2020

On 12 December 2019, the European Commission adopted a proposal to amend Regulation (EU) No 654/2014 concerning the exercise of the EU's rights for the application and enforcement of international trade rules ('the Enforcement Regulation') of 15 May 2014. The Enforcement Regulation enables the EU to suspend or withdraw concessions or other obligations under international trade agreements in order to respond to breaches by third countries of international trade rules that affect the EU's commercial ...

On 12 December 2019, the European Commission adopted a proposal to amend Regulation (EU) No 654/2014 concerning the exercise of the EU's rights for the application and enforcement of international trade rules ('the Enforcement Regulation') of 15 May 2014. The Enforcement Regulation enables the EU to suspend or withdraw concessions or other obligations under international trade agreements in order to respond to breaches by third countries of international trade rules that affect the EU's commercial interests. The proposed amendments would enable the EU to impose counter-measures in situations where EU trade partners violate international trade rules and block the dispute settlement procedures included in multilateral, regional and bilateral trade agreements, thus preventing the EU from obtaining final binding rulings in its favour. The latter are required under the current EU regulation to enforce international trade rules. As the Council adopted its negotiating position on 8 April 2020 and the Committee on International Trade (INTA) of the European Parliament adopted its negotiating position on 6 July 2020, trilogue negotiations can now be launched as the next step in the legislative process. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

EU-China relations: Taking stock after the 2020 EU-China Summit

30-06-2020

The 22nd EU-China Summit, originally scheduled for March 2020, was postponed owing to the Covid-19 pandemic. While other summits were simply cancelled or postponed indefinitely, the EU and China decided to hold the summit by video-link, on 22 June 2020. This decision testifies to the importance both sides attach to taking their complex relationship forward in difficult times. The 2020 summit offered the opportunity to take stock of progress made on past commitments and to re-calibrate EU-China relations ...

The 22nd EU-China Summit, originally scheduled for March 2020, was postponed owing to the Covid-19 pandemic. While other summits were simply cancelled or postponed indefinitely, the EU and China decided to hold the summit by video-link, on 22 June 2020. This decision testifies to the importance both sides attach to taking their complex relationship forward in difficult times. The 2020 summit offered the opportunity to take stock of progress made on past commitments and to re-calibrate EU-China relations, against the backdrop of the wide-ranging fallout from the coronavirus pandemic, growing United States-China strategic rivalry, rapid geopolitical power shifts and the erosion of multilateralism. Looking at EU-China relations through the lens of the 2019 EU-China strategic outlook, China is seen as being at once a partner for cooperation and negotiation, an economic competitor and a systemic rival. China has been a cooperation and negotiating partner for the EU in several fields where interests have converged. Nonetheless, the different norms and values underlying the EU and Chinese political and economic systems have made cooperation challenging. Shared objectives do not necessarily lead to the same approaches to pursuing them. Economic competition has become fiercer in China, in the EU and in third markets. As the Chinese leadership shows growing assertiveness in disseminating alternative models of governance – at international, regional and bilateral levels, China is also acting as a systemic rival, on an increasing number of issues. The coronavirus pandemic has amplified pre-existing political and economic challenges in EU-China relations. It has exposed the EU's over-reliance on China for the supply of strategic goods and also China's confrontational 'Wolf Warrior diplomacy', which has involved the use of a wide range of tools, including disinformation campaigns, political influence and economic coercion, in an attempt to alter narratives critical of China's management of the crisis. It has also clearly demonstrated the need for a 'more robust' EU policy on China.

Hong Kong: ¿una ley de seguridad impuesta por Pekín?

11-06-2020

El 28 de mayo de 2020, la Asamblea Popular Nacional (APN) de la República Popular China autorizó a su Comité Permanente (CP) a aprobar una ley de seguridad nacional para Hong Kong sin pasar por el Parlamento de la ciudad, el Consejo Legislativo. Esta ley, que seguramente entrará en vigor antes de las elecciones legislativas de Hong Kong previstas para septiembre de 2020, será muy probablemente un punto de inflexión para el «alto grado de autonomía» de la ciudad, y marcará la prematura desaparición ...

El 28 de mayo de 2020, la Asamblea Popular Nacional (APN) de la República Popular China autorizó a su Comité Permanente (CP) a aprobar una ley de seguridad nacional para Hong Kong sin pasar por el Parlamento de la ciudad, el Consejo Legislativo. Esta ley, que seguramente entrará en vigor antes de las elecciones legislativas de Hong Kong previstas para septiembre de 2020, será muy probablemente un punto de inflexión para el «alto grado de autonomía» de la ciudad, y marcará la prematura desaparición del modelo «un país, dos sistemas» que hubiera debido durar cincuenta años a contar desde1997. El Parlamento Europeo tiene previsto debatir sobre una declaración del Alto Representante en el Pleno de junio.

China's democratic neighbours and coronavirus: Protecting populations without lockdowns

06-05-2020

North-east Asian countries have deep and historical economic, human and cultural connections with China, based on their geographical proximity to the latter country, and were the first to be exposed to the coronavirus contagion after its initial outbreak. They were not caught unprepared, having dealt with the SARS and the MERS epidemics in recent times. South Korea and Taiwan, in particular, have successfully showcased a model characterised by minimal restrictions on economic activities and daily ...

North-east Asian countries have deep and historical economic, human and cultural connections with China, based on their geographical proximity to the latter country, and were the first to be exposed to the coronavirus contagion after its initial outbreak. They were not caught unprepared, having dealt with the SARS and the MERS epidemics in recent times. South Korea and Taiwan, in particular, have successfully showcased a model characterised by minimal restrictions on economic activities and daily lives, where safeguarding the health of the people has not had devastating consequences for the health of the economy, as witnessed in other parts of the world. They have also showed that it is possible to effectively manage the coronavirus threat transparently, without authoritarian methods. Their models, illustrating that it is possible to implement a successful – albeit sometimes unnoticed – alternative to a liberal laissez-faire model or to a drastic lockdown, could become precious assets for public diplomacy and soft power tools. Given the high rate of information and communications technology penetration in the region, it has been easier for the authorities to make use of big data and contact-tracing by smartphone in order to prevent the pandemic from spreading, as well as collect information on those infected. However, this approach has raised issues of privacy, especially as the details collected allow the identification of those infected and could possibly expose them to stigmatisation. Despite the coronavirus outbreak, South Korea is a healthy democracy. It successfully held a general election on 15 April 2020, giving substance to the statement made by the European Parliament's President, David Sassoli: 'Democracy cannot be suspended in the face of Covid-19'.

Religion and the EU's external policies: Increasing engagement

12-02-2020

Religion has been emerging as a new dimension in the EU's external policies. This paper provides an overview of the principles, institutional set-up and policies underpinning the EU's approach to religious issues in third countries. Nine case studies meanwhile serve to illustrate the important role played by religion in the foreign policies of a number of different countries worldwide.

Religion has been emerging as a new dimension in the EU's external policies. This paper provides an overview of the principles, institutional set-up and policies underpinning the EU's approach to religious issues in third countries. Nine case studies meanwhile serve to illustrate the important role played by religion in the foreign policies of a number of different countries worldwide.

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