17

resultado(s)

Palabra(s)
Tipo de publicación
Ámbito político
Autor
Palabra clave
Fecha

The European Year for Development: Sustainable Growth

03-06-2015

Economic growth is a key driver of poverty reduction, but its impact on the poor depends on growth patterns and policies. It is increasingly accepted that economic growth that advances development must be both socially inclusive and ecologically sustainable. Unlike the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are expected to contain a goal on sustainable and inclusive growth. Some have challenged the revived focus on growth, both for ecological reasons and ...

Economic growth is a key driver of poverty reduction, but its impact on the poor depends on growth patterns and policies. It is increasingly accepted that economic growth that advances development must be both socially inclusive and ecologically sustainable. Unlike the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are expected to contain a goal on sustainable and inclusive growth. Some have challenged the revived focus on growth, both for ecological reasons and because they argue that wellbeing is not fully reflected in GDP figures. EU development policy has focused on sustainable and inclusive growth since 2011, with more attention devoted to trade, private sector engagement and promoting a favourable business environment. The European Parliament has recognised the role of growth in achieving development objectives, but insists on the need to include the most deprived and vulnerable, and on combatting inequality.

International cooperation in (Sub-)Arctic Europe

09-02-2015

The dynamics in and the perceived relevance of regional cooperation in the European (Sub-)Arctic reflect current and anticipated future developments in the region. While the Arctic Council mirrors the increasing interest and potential future challenges in the region, other cooperation fora are less likely to face major changes or attract attention any time soon. They nevertheless remain very relevant, not least for engaging with Moscow at a time when ties with Russia are strained.

The dynamics in and the perceived relevance of regional cooperation in the European (Sub-)Arctic reflect current and anticipated future developments in the region. While the Arctic Council mirrors the increasing interest and potential future challenges in the region, other cooperation fora are less likely to face major changes or attract attention any time soon. They nevertheless remain very relevant, not least for engaging with Moscow at a time when ties with Russia are strained.

Shale gas and EU energy security

11-12-2014

While the United States has abundant supplies of cheap gas thanks to the 'shale revolution', the EU remains dependent on gas imports. The Ukrainian crisis has given rise to increasing concerns about the security of the EU's gas supply. At the request of the European Council, the European Commission has analysed the situation, and published a European Energy Security Strategy. Among other elements, the strategy focuses on increasing energy production in the EU and diversifying external supplies. This ...

While the United States has abundant supplies of cheap gas thanks to the 'shale revolution', the EU remains dependent on gas imports. The Ukrainian crisis has given rise to increasing concerns about the security of the EU's gas supply. At the request of the European Council, the European Commission has analysed the situation, and published a European Energy Security Strategy. Among other elements, the strategy focuses on increasing energy production in the EU and diversifying external supplies. This briefing addresses the question whether, and to what extent, shale gas can contri-bute to European energy security. Some European regions have significant shale gas resources, but more exploration is needed to find out whether they can be developed commercially. Most analysts agree that shale gas in Europe will be more expensive than in the US, due to different geology and the need to address public acceptance and environmental impact. Shale gas will not resolve short-term energy security issues as exploration and development will take 5 to 15 years. In any case, the volumes produced will not make Europe self-sufficient in gas, but could help to reduce gas prices. The increased production of shale gas in the US has already reduced global gas prices by reducing US demand for liquefied natural gas (LNG). Future gas exports from the US will contribute further to this trend, but prices for exported gas will be higher than domestic US prices due to the cost of LNG transport. Moreover, many analysts believe that exports of US shale gas will go to Asian markets. Prices in Asia are higher than in Europe, where ample supplies of conventional pipeline gas compete with LNG. Analysts agree that Russia will remain an important gas supplier for the EU.

Indigenous Peoples, Extractive Industries and Human Rights

18-09-2014

The present study examines the human rights impacts of the extractive industries on indigenous peoples worldwide. It finds that there continue to be significant human rights risks associated with mining, oil and gas extraction falling disproportionately on indigenous peoples. It argues that the growing demand for non-renewable resources and the need to explore and exploit resources in ever more invasive ways suggest that such activities are likely to impinge even more on the lands of indigenous communities ...

The present study examines the human rights impacts of the extractive industries on indigenous peoples worldwide. It finds that there continue to be significant human rights risks associated with mining, oil and gas extraction falling disproportionately on indigenous peoples. It argues that the growing demand for non-renewable resources and the need to explore and exploit resources in ever more invasive ways suggest that such activities are likely to impinge even more on the lands of indigenous communities living in countries with important resource reserves. The paper acknowledges the major efforts being made by industry associations to address these issues through voluntary guidelines but finds that, notwithstanding, conflicts and violence persist and that further measures are required to protect the rights and interests of indigenous peoples. The universal acceptance of the 2007 Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples provides impetus to renewed efforts to ensure implementation of the provisions in practice. The paper concludes by recommending, among other things, that the European Union as one of the regions championing the Declaration at the United Nations take the initiative to develop a region-wide framework for extractive industries that sanction companies and provide legal redress in cases where the human rights of indigenous peoples are violated.

Autor externo

Julian BURGER (University of Essex, United Kingdom)

EU and Russian Policies on Energy and Climate Change

18-12-2013

EU-Russian energy relations are characterised by mutual interdependence. Within the EU, however, the level of Member States’ dependence on Russia varies largely according to Member States’ abilities to diversify their energy mix and their imports. This has created a fragmented internal energy market, as demonstrated by the wide range in gas prices among Member States. Energy supply diversification has become a key concern for the entire EU, although energy policies are still largely overseen by Member ...

EU-Russian energy relations are characterised by mutual interdependence. Within the EU, however, the level of Member States’ dependence on Russia varies largely according to Member States’ abilities to diversify their energy mix and their imports. This has created a fragmented internal energy market, as demonstrated by the wide range in gas prices among Member States. Energy supply diversification has become a key concern for the entire EU, although energy policies are still largely overseen by Member States. While Russia is likely to remain Europe’s principal energy supplier in the medium term, the importance of other crude oil and natural gas exporters, including Azerbaijan and Algeria, is likely to grow. The European Commission supports widening the possible range of sources, particularly given its antitrust investigations against Russian companies, which have exacerbated tensions. The EU and Russia are also divided by their environmental policies, stemming from a different environmental sensibility but also from the different availability of fossil fuels. Fighting against climate change, the EU has committed to reduce its overall greenhouse gas emissions by 20 % by 2020. To fulfil this promise, the EU has relied on the EU Emission Trading System, currently the largest international carbon market. Unlike Europe and its ecological considerations, Moscow has long been driven by more economic and geostrategic factors. Despite Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev’s recent willingness to consider limiting carbon emissions and fostering investments in renewable sources, the country’s refusal to adhere to the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol and its environmentally unfriendly Arctic efforts confirm Moscow’s resistance to integrating climate issues in its policies.

China-Iceland Free Trade Agreement

12-09-2013

China signed a free trade agreement (FTA) with Iceland earlier this year. This is China's first FTA with a western European state. Once in force it will waive most tariffs in trade between the two countries. However, the tiny size of Iceland's market and the fact that the agreement does not provide low-tariff entry for China's products onto other European markets raises questions over China's motives. In particular, it is suggested that China is using this FTA to promote its strategic goals, such ...

China signed a free trade agreement (FTA) with Iceland earlier this year. This is China's first FTA with a western European state. Once in force it will waive most tariffs in trade between the two countries. However, the tiny size of Iceland's market and the fact that the agreement does not provide low-tariff entry for China's products onto other European markets raises questions over China's motives. In particular, it is suggested that China is using this FTA to promote its strategic goals, such as obtaining better access to shipping routes through the Arctic or to natural resources extracted in the region.

Proceedings of the Workshop on "Proposal for a Regulation on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (Nagoya Protocol)"

15-04-2013

In the context of the legislative procedure related to the Commission proposal for a Regulation on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (COM(2012) 576), the European Parliament requested the organisation of a workshop to discuss the Commission’s legislative proposal putting special emphasis on the challenges of implementing the Nagoya protocol both at global and EU level, and on future perspectives.

In the context of the legislative procedure related to the Commission proposal for a Regulation on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (COM(2012) 576), the European Parliament requested the organisation of a workshop to discuss the Commission’s legislative proposal putting special emphasis on the challenges of implementing the Nagoya protocol both at global and EU level, and on future perspectives.

Autor externo

Hugo-Maria Schally (DG Environment, European Commission), Pierre du Plessis (Centre for Research Information Action in Africa), Emile Frison (Bioversity International), Axel Braun (European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations), François Meienberg (Berne Declaration), Andreas Drews (ABS Capacity Development Initiative), Cornelia Löhne (Botanic Garden Berlin-Dahlem), Maria Julia Oliva (Union for Ethical Biotrade) and Matthieu Mellul (Collectif pour une alternative à la biopiraterie)

Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization in the Union: Initial Appraisal of the European Commission's Impact Assessment

15-03-2013

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment accompanying its Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their utilization in the Union (COM (2012) 576). Genetic resources are used for research and development purposes in many economic sectors, for example plant and animal breeding, food and beverage ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment accompanying its Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their utilization in the Union (COM (2012) 576). Genetic resources are used for research and development purposes in many economic sectors, for example plant and animal breeding, food and beverage, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.

Substitutionability of Critical Raw Materials

25-09-2012

The European Parliament has adopted a resolution that proposes focusing Research and Development on the substitution of critical raw materials to support sustainable development and encourage growth in the European economy. This study addresses the question of which measures could foster the substitution of critical raw materials in the European Union. The main conclusion of the study is that the substitution of critical raw materials needs consistent and multidisciplinary research and development ...

The European Parliament has adopted a resolution that proposes focusing Research and Development on the substitution of critical raw materials to support sustainable development and encourage growth in the European economy. This study addresses the question of which measures could foster the substitution of critical raw materials in the European Union. The main conclusion of the study is that the substitution of critical raw materials needs consistent and multidisciplinary research and development action as well as further incentives.

Autor externo

Mr. Kimmo Halme, Ramboll Management Consulting; Dr. Kalle A. Piirainen, Ramboll Management Consulting; Dr. Georgios Vekinis, Institute of Materials Science, National Center for Scientific Research Demokritos; Mr. Ernst-Udo Sievers, i.Con Innovation; Mr. Kimmo Viljamaa, Ramboll Management Consulting

Proceedings of the Workshop on "Safety of Offshore Oil and Gas Activities"

16-07-2012

The workshop evaluated the policy options contained in the proposal for a Regulation on safety of offshore oil and gas prospection, exploration and production activities presented by the European Commission. It assessed, inter alia, questions regarding the independence of the regulatory authority, liability for the remediation of environmental damage and the protection of most vulnerable environments.

The workshop evaluated the policy options contained in the proposal for a Regulation on safety of offshore oil and gas prospection, exploration and production activities presented by the European Commission. It assessed, inter alia, questions regarding the independence of the regulatory authority, liability for the remediation of environmental damage and the protection of most vulnerable environments.

Autor externo

Paola Trucco (HINICIO) and Matthias Altmann (LBST)

Próximos actos

20-01-2021
EPRS online policy roundtable with the World Bank: Where next for the global economy
Otro acto -
EPRS
25-01-2021
Public Hearing on "Gender aspects of precarious work"
Audiencia -
FEMM
26-01-2021
Public hearing on Co-management of EU fisheries at local level
Audiencia -
PECH

Socios