56

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Multilateral Investment Court: Overview of the reform proposals and prospects

28-01-2020

The Council of the European Union has authorised the European Commission to represent the EU and its Member States at the intergovernmental talks at the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL), with a view to reforming the existing investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) system. The latter provides a procedural framework for disputes between international investors and hosting states, and relies on arbitration procedures. However, there have been growing concerns among states ...

The Council of the European Union has authorised the European Commission to represent the EU and its Member States at the intergovernmental talks at the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL), with a view to reforming the existing investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) system. The latter provides a procedural framework for disputes between international investors and hosting states, and relies on arbitration procedures. However, there have been growing concerns among states and stakeholders about the system's reliance on arbitrators, given its lack of transparency, issues over the predictability and consistency of their decisions, and the excessive costs involved. UNCITRAL talks aim to address these concerns by reforming the system. The EU and its Member States support the establishment of a multilateral investment court (MIC), composed of a first instance and an appellate tribunal staffed by full-time adjudicators. UNCITRAL talks on ISDS reform started in 2017. In April 2019, the working group finalised the list of concerns regarding the current ISDS system and agreed that it was desirable to work on reforms. The states then tabled reform proposals that provided the framework for the discussions that started in October 2019. The proposals range from introducing binding rules for arbitrators to setting up formal investment courts comprised of first instance and appellate tribunals. All in all, the proposals reflect two distinct approaches. Some states back the creation of tools – such as a code of conduct and/or an advisory body for smaller economies and small and medium-sized enterprises – to complement the current system. Others favour fundamental changes through the creation of a two-court system with appointed members. The latest round of talks took place in January 2020, and another is scheduled for March/April 2020. Although states are eager to reform the ISDS system, the complexity of the issue is likely to require additional sessions before agreement can be reached.

Instrumentos financieros en la política de cohesión

30-09-2019

El uso de instrumentos financieros en la política de cohesión, considerado un método eficiente en materia de recursos para la utilización de los fondos públicos, está cada vez más extendido. Los instrumentos financieros ofrecen apoyo a la inversión en forma de préstamos, garantías, capital y otros mecanismos de reparto del riesgo. En el período de programación 2014-2020, los instrumentos financieros pueden ejecutarse en todos los ámbitos temáticos y fondos que abarca la política de cohesión, y combinarse ...

El uso de instrumentos financieros en la política de cohesión, considerado un método eficiente en materia de recursos para la utilización de los fondos públicos, está cada vez más extendido. Los instrumentos financieros ofrecen apoyo a la inversión en forma de préstamos, garantías, capital y otros mecanismos de reparto del riesgo. En el período de programación 2014-2020, los instrumentos financieros pueden ejecutarse en todos los ámbitos temáticos y fondos que abarca la política de cohesión, y combinarse con subvenciones. Está previsto que los importes asignados se dupliquen con respecto al período anterior. Las conclusiones que hasta ahora se han extraído de la ejecución de los instrumentos financieros revelan que dichos instrumentos ofrecen ventajas y plantean desafíos. Su carácter renovable puede aumentar la eficiencia y la sostenibilidad de los fondos públicos a largo plazo. La exigencia de reembolso puede estimular un mejor rendimiento y una mayor calidad de los proyectos de inversión. Los instrumentos financieros pueden mejorar el acceso a la financiación, al centrarse en proyectos viables desde el punto de vista económico que no han podido obtener financiación suficiente de las fuentes existentes en el mercado. Sin embargo, también pueden entrañar costes y tasas de gestión elevados, así como procedimientos complejos de puesta en marcha. Aunque los instrumentos financieros pueden ser un mecanismo provechoso para optimizar la utilización del presupuesto de cohesión, en algunos casos las subvenciones pueden resultar más eficaces. También es importante tener presente que el propósito fundamental de los instrumentos financieros es apoyar los objetivos de la política de cohesión, y no solo generar rentabilidad financiera. Las nuevas propuestas legislativas sobre el marco de la política de cohesión posterior a 2020 han tenido en cuenta estas consideraciones, y han simplificado el uso de los instrumentos financieros. El presente documento es una edición actualizada de un briefing de 2016.

Investigación para la Comisión REGI - La agenda para la política de cohesión en 2019-2024

14-06-2019

En el presente estudio se examinan cuestiones actuales y nuevas de la política de cohesión para apoyar la agenda de trabajo de la Comisión de Desarrollo Regional del Parlamento Europeo durante su nuevo mandato en 2019-2024. El análisis se centra en cuestiones relativas a las competencias de la comisión y concluye poniendo de relieve cuestiones y temas políticos clave para el debate sobre la política de cohesión en 2021-2027.

En el presente estudio se examinan cuestiones actuales y nuevas de la política de cohesión para apoyar la agenda de trabajo de la Comisión de Desarrollo Regional del Parlamento Europeo durante su nuevo mandato en 2019-2024. El análisis se centra en cuestiones relativas a las competencias de la comisión y concluye poniendo de relieve cuestiones y temas políticos clave para el debate sobre la política de cohesión en 2021-2027.

Autor externo

Carlos Mendez, John Bachtler and Irene McMaster

Proceedings of the Workshop on the Public Procurement Strategy Package

15-05-2018

This report summarises the discussion which took place at the workshop “Public Procurement Strategy Package”. Public procurement is a complex issue with the potential to strongly influence the EU economy. With the aim of discussing the main challenges related to this topic and the recently proposed draft regulation of the European Commission, the workshop was hosted by Mr Carlos Coelho, MEP. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Internal Market ...

This report summarises the discussion which took place at the workshop “Public Procurement Strategy Package”. Public procurement is a complex issue with the potential to strongly influence the EU economy. With the aim of discussing the main challenges related to this topic and the recently proposed draft regulation of the European Commission, the workshop was hosted by Mr Carlos Coelho, MEP. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection.

Foreign Direct Investment in the EU and the Eastern Partnership Countries

05-02-2018

Upon request of the Euronest parliamentary assembly economic committee, investment patterns and policies in the EU and Eastern Partnership countries were compared. The EU is an investment heavyweight, both in terms of attracting as placing foreign direct investment. Many EU Member States protect their investment abroad and some have screening mechanisms for incoming investment. The Eastern Partnership countries are minor investors themselves, but keep attracting a slowly growing level of foreign ...

Upon request of the Euronest parliamentary assembly economic committee, investment patterns and policies in the EU and Eastern Partnership countries were compared. The EU is an investment heavyweight, both in terms of attracting as placing foreign direct investment. Many EU Member States protect their investment abroad and some have screening mechanisms for incoming investment. The Eastern Partnership countries are minor investors themselves, but keep attracting a slowly growing level of foreign direct investment. Investment is supported by the European Investment Bank, the EBRD or the World Bank. Looking at which countries invest in which Eastern Partnership country, it appears that each of them has one main investing country, suggesting a preferred relationship, which would need further research to explain.

The G20 Summit in Hamburg: Key issues

05-07-2017

On 7-8 July 2017, the 12th Summit of Heads of State or Government of the Group of Twenty (G20) will take place in Hamburg, Germany. Besides traditional G20 issues, with an emphasis on financial regulation, the focus is on climate and trade protectionism in light of policies recently adopted by the USA.

On 7-8 July 2017, the 12th Summit of Heads of State or Government of the Group of Twenty (G20) will take place in Hamburg, Germany. Besides traditional G20 issues, with an emphasis on financial regulation, the focus is on climate and trade protectionism in light of policies recently adopted by the USA.

Economic Dialogue with Croatia

22-03-2017

This note presents selected information on the current status of the EU economic governance procedures and related relevant information in view of an Economic Dialogue with Zdravko Maric, Croatia’s Minister for Finance, in the ECON committee of the European Parliament. The invitation for a dialogue is in accordance with the EU economic governance framework.

This note presents selected information on the current status of the EU economic governance procedures and related relevant information in view of an Economic Dialogue with Zdravko Maric, Croatia’s Minister for Finance, in the ECON committee of the European Parliament. The invitation for a dialogue is in accordance with the EU economic governance framework.

World Energy Outlook 2016

19-12-2016

World Energy Outlook 2016 World Energy Outlook (WEO) is an annual study produced by the International Energy Agency (IEA), which models future global trends in energy based on different policy scenarios. The study looks at how production and consumption of different energy sources is evolving, and considers the likely effects of investment decisions, new technologies, government policies and international agreements. The WEO sheds light on the expected energy trajectory of different regions of the ...

World Energy Outlook 2016 World Energy Outlook (WEO) is an annual study produced by the International Energy Agency (IEA), which models future global trends in energy based on different policy scenarios. The study looks at how production and consumption of different energy sources is evolving, and considers the likely effects of investment decisions, new technologies, government policies and international agreements. The WEO sheds light on the expected energy trajectory of different regions of the world.

One Belt, One Road (OBOR): China's regional integration initiative

07-07-2016

In 2013, China launched its 'One Belt, One Road' (OBOR) initiative. OBOR is China’s broadly sketched vision of how it plans to boost regional integration in its wider neighbourhood. The initiative is unprecedented in terms of China's financial engagement and the innovative network-based project design which is intended to contribute to a more inclusive global governance. It contrasts sharply with existing treaty-based integration concepts where the geographical scope, partner countries, strategy, ...

In 2013, China launched its 'One Belt, One Road' (OBOR) initiative. OBOR is China’s broadly sketched vision of how it plans to boost regional integration in its wider neighbourhood. The initiative is unprecedented in terms of China's financial engagement and the innovative network-based project design which is intended to contribute to a more inclusive global governance. It contrasts sharply with existing treaty-based integration concepts where the geographical scope, partner countries, strategy, principles and rules were clearly defined at the outset. China's new development vision has been seen as an alternative to regional trade agreements which do not include it; as a strategy for asserting its leadership role in Asia in response to the US pivot to Asia; as an economic outreach towards Asian countries for resolving territorial and maritime disputes by exporting China’s domestic development policies; as a means of tapping into new sources of growth to check the marked downturn in its economy; as a tool for tackling the socio-economic divide between its inland and coastal provinces; and finally, as a venue for addressing security challenges on its western periphery as well as energy security issues. The response to China's regional integration vision has been mixed. While the idea of enhancing connectivity has drawn considerable interest, given the huge infrastructure gaps across Asia, scepticism regarding China's potential hegemonic ambitions has prevailed notably among regional rivals India and Japan as well as the USA. Whether OBOR will be mutually beneficial for China and the EU will depend on the two sides agreeing on the 'rules of the game', including for joint projects in third countries. Potential synergies between OBOR and the EU connectivity initiatives are being explored under the EU-China Connectivity Platform.

Mongolia ahead of the 2016 legislative elections

28-06-2016

The elections to Mongolia's unicameral State Great Khural scheduled for 29 June 2016 will be held amidst a serious deterioration of the country's macroeconomic indicators caused by domestic and external factors. There is widespread voter scepticism as regards the ability of the national political elites to curb rising unemployment and poverty which affects a third of the population, as well as to eradicate pervasive corruption. The new election arrangements suggest a two-horse race between the ruling ...

The elections to Mongolia's unicameral State Great Khural scheduled for 29 June 2016 will be held amidst a serious deterioration of the country's macroeconomic indicators caused by domestic and external factors. There is widespread voter scepticism as regards the ability of the national political elites to curb rising unemployment and poverty which affects a third of the population, as well as to eradicate pervasive corruption. The new election arrangements suggest a two-horse race between the ruling centre-right Democratic Party and the opposition centre-left Mongolian People's Party. To support Mongolia’s fragile democracy, sandwiched between authoritarian China and Russia, the European Parliament is sending a delegation to observe the elections.

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