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Investigación para la Comisión PECH − Impacto del uso de la energía eólica marítima y otras energías renovables marítimas en las pesquerías europeas

12-11-2020

El presente estudio pretende ofrecer una presentación de los impactos generales del desarrollo de las energías renovables en el mar sobre las actividades pesqueras en las cuencas marinas europeas. Además, destaca las vías hacia posibles soluciones de coexistencia para ambos sectores, una descripción de ejemplos de buenas prácticas y lecciones aprendidas, las lagunas de investigación y las recomendaciones políticas.

El presente estudio pretende ofrecer una presentación de los impactos generales del desarrollo de las energías renovables en el mar sobre las actividades pesqueras en las cuencas marinas europeas. Además, destaca las vías hacia posibles soluciones de coexistencia para ambos sectores, una descripción de ejemplos de buenas prácticas y lecciones aprendidas, las lagunas de investigación y las recomendaciones políticas.

Autor externo

Vanessa STELZENMÜLLER, Antje GIMPEL, Jonas LETSCHERT, Casper KRAAN, Ralf DÖRING

Los impactos ambientales del uso de plásticos y microplásticos, los residuos y la contaminación: medidas nacionales y de la UE

22-10-2020

Este estudio, encargado por el Departamento Temático de Derechos de los Ciudadanos y Asuntos Constitucionales del Parlamento Europeo a petición de la Comisión de Peticiones (PETI), se centra en el uso generalizado de plásticos y revisa el consenso creciente respecto a los posibles impactos ecotoxicológicos de estos materiales, en especial de las partículas plásticas más pequeñas, denominadas microplásticos. Se examinan posibles estrategias de mitigación encaminadas a reducir la prevalencia de los ...

Este estudio, encargado por el Departamento Temático de Derechos de los Ciudadanos y Asuntos Constitucionales del Parlamento Europeo a petición de la Comisión de Peticiones (PETI), se centra en el uso generalizado de plásticos y revisa el consenso creciente respecto a los posibles impactos ecotoxicológicos de estos materiales, en especial de las partículas plásticas más pequeñas, denominadas microplásticos. Se examinan posibles estrategias de mitigación encaminadas a reducir la prevalencia de los (micro)plásticos, así como las alternativas emergentes y su idoneidad medioambiental. En los últimos años, debido al impulso generado por una concienciación cada vez mayor respecto a los impactos de los plásticos y por la opinión pública, se han propuesto y ejecutado multitud de normas, reglamentos, leyes y recomendaciones. Estas varían enormemente en las distintas escalas local, nacional, regional e internacional, y no está claro cuáles son los efectos beneficiosos de estas herramientas. En este estudio se evalúan estos instrumentos existentes, se analiza si se basan en datos científicos sólidos, y se examinan los retos previsibles que podrían limitar la pertinencia e idoneidad de las propuestas legislativas presentes y futuras.

Autor externo

João PINTO DA COSTA (lead author), Teresa ROCHA-SANTOS, Armando C. DUARTE, Department of Chemistry and CESAM, University of Aveiro, Portugal

Sustainable consumption: Helping consumers make eco-friendly choices

21-10-2020

Household consumption in the EU has major environmental impacts, which in a number of cases exceed planetary boundaries. Two thirds of consumers in the EU realise that their consumption habits have negative effects on the environment, and the solution that they mention most often is to change consumption habits and production patterns. However, a number of studies have shown a gap between consumers' good intentions and their actual behaviour. This happens because sustainability is not the only thing ...

Household consumption in the EU has major environmental impacts, which in a number of cases exceed planetary boundaries. Two thirds of consumers in the EU realise that their consumption habits have negative effects on the environment, and the solution that they mention most often is to change consumption habits and production patterns. However, a number of studies have shown a gap between consumers' good intentions and their actual behaviour. This happens because sustainability is not the only thing consumers consider when choosing what to buy; they are also influenced by price, availability and convenience, habits, values, social norms and peer pressure, emotional appeal, and the feeling of making a difference. Consumers also use their consumption patterns to communicate who they are to themselves and to others. Studies on the impacts of consumption show that these are influenced mainly by people's income. The European Union has a number of policies that are relevant for consumers' sustainable choices. These include environmental product requirements, information and labelling requirements, rules on product guarantees, climate legislation that attempts to build the price of CO2 emissions into production expenses, and waste legislation that makes it easier to recycle. The European Commission now plans to add a legislative initiative to empower consumers for the green transition. The European Parliament has long been a supporter of making consumption in the EU more sustainable, and has recently called for measures to ensure that consumers are provided with transparent, comparable and harmonised product information, especially when it comes to the durability and reparability of products and their environmental footprint.

Corporate due diligence and corporate accountability

20-10-2020

This study analyses the potential European Added Value of a measure requiring companies to carry out due diligence on social, environmental and governance risks in their own operations and supply chain. There is evidence of human rights violations and environmental negative impacts related to business activities. This measure could increase firm compliance to international principles of responsible business conduct, increase access to remedy for victims, improve legal certainty and create a level ...

This study analyses the potential European Added Value of a measure requiring companies to carry out due diligence on social, environmental and governance risks in their own operations and supply chain. There is evidence of human rights violations and environmental negative impacts related to business activities. This measure could increase firm compliance to international principles of responsible business conduct, increase access to remedy for victims, improve legal certainty and create a level playing field for businesses. This study reviews possible sources of costs and benefits for companies and, based on original analysis, suggests that stronger environmental and social accountability practices could contribute to improving EU firms' performance. From a qualitative analysis, it suggests a potential significant impact in addressing risks of environmental damages and human rights violations in global value chains, thus supporting EU commitment to human rights and environmental protection.

Regulación de las finanzas digitales

30-09-2020

El uso de nuevas tecnologías para posibilitar y mejorar las actividades del sector financiero puede aportar beneficios significativos, como mejoras de eficiencia, reducción de costes, mejora de la gestión de los datos y transparencia. Al mismo tiempo, sin embargo, entraña riesgos en ámbitos como la estabilidad financiera, la delincuencia financiera y la protección de los consumidores. Estos riesgos pueden acrecentarse por la fragmentación del panorama regulador en la UE y por la desigual evolución ...

El uso de nuevas tecnologías para posibilitar y mejorar las actividades del sector financiero puede aportar beneficios significativos, como mejoras de eficiencia, reducción de costes, mejora de la gestión de los datos y transparencia. Al mismo tiempo, sin embargo, entraña riesgos en ámbitos como la estabilidad financiera, la delincuencia financiera y la protección de los consumidores. Estos riesgos pueden acrecentarse por la fragmentación del panorama regulador en la UE y por la desigual evolución mundial en la regulación del sector. Es necesario pues que la UE cree un marco regulador exhaustivo y estable en este ámbito. Se espera que durante el período parcial de sesiones de octubre el Parlamento debata un informe de iniciativa legislativa con recomendaciones destinadas a la Comisión Europea para actuar en este ámbito.

What if fashion were good for the planet?

10-09-2020

Fashion is the second most polluting industry in the world, coming just after oil. Clothing manufacture and consumption have a huge negative impact on both the environment and people. Sustainability is not only about the environment, but is also an economic and social indicator, and the clothing industry is a good example illustrating their interconnections. Are technological innovations alone enough to 'tailor' a green and fair future for fashion?

Fashion is the second most polluting industry in the world, coming just after oil. Clothing manufacture and consumption have a huge negative impact on both the environment and people. Sustainability is not only about the environment, but is also an economic and social indicator, and the clothing industry is a good example illustrating their interconnections. Are technological innovations alone enough to 'tailor' a green and fair future for fashion?

The European Services Sector and the Green Transition

15-04-2020

The aim of this briefing is to answer the following question: How can the services sector contribute to the green transition, specifically in the digital area and taking into account the environmental footprint of the sector as well as its potential to replace environmentally harmful practices?

The aim of this briefing is to answer the following question: How can the services sector contribute to the green transition, specifically in the digital area and taking into account the environmental footprint of the sector as well as its potential to replace environmentally harmful practices?

Autor externo

Patrik STRÖM

EU policies – Delivering for citizens: Transport policy

14-02-2020

Transport is a strategic sector of the EU economy. Essential to ensuring free movement, it enables people and goods to overcome distances, borders and natural barriers, directly affecting the everyday lives of all EU citizens. Maintaining the flow of goods from producers and manufacturers to consumers makes efficient transport systems a backbone of European integration. For the single market to function well in all regions, the EU needs sustainable, efficient and fully interconnected transport networks ...

Transport is a strategic sector of the EU economy. Essential to ensuring free movement, it enables people and goods to overcome distances, borders and natural barriers, directly affecting the everyday lives of all EU citizens. Maintaining the flow of goods from producers and manufacturers to consumers makes efficient transport systems a backbone of European integration. For the single market to function well in all regions, the EU needs sustainable, efficient and fully interconnected transport networks. As the demand for transport services grows, reducing transport emissions and negative impacts on human health and the environment has become one of the main challenges. New technologies, such as digitalisation, and connected and automated mobility, open new possibilities to improve transport safety, security and efficiency, and to reduce emissions, but also transform the employment in the sector in terms of working conditions and required skills. Collaborative economy developments, such as car-sharing and bike-sharing services are changing user behaviour and mobility patterns. EU transport policy needs to help the sector cut emissions drastically by running on less and cleaner energy, utilise modern infrastructure, and reduce its impact on the environment. The new President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, has put transport on a fast track towards becoming decarbonised and digital. This transformation is to be a key part of her European Green Deal and 'making Europe fit for the digital age' priorities. In 2020, the Commission will propose a 'climate law', committing the EU to becoming climate neutral by 2050. The European Council has endorsed this objective and Parliament had already called for ambitious goals and a corresponding long-term EU budget. While concrete steps towards this ambitious goal remain to be defined, it will require a step change to make transport modern, sustainable and decarbonised.

Single-use plastics and fishing gear: Reducing marine litter

17-06-2019

Most of the plastic in our oceans originates from land-based sources. On European beaches, plastics make up 80-85 % of marine litter, which is considered a major threat to marine and coastal biodiversity. Marine litter also costs the European Union economy an estimated €259 million to €695 million per year. In May 2018, the European Commission put forward a legislative proposal seeking to address the issue of marine litter from plastics. The proposal would introduce a series of measures regarding ...

Most of the plastic in our oceans originates from land-based sources. On European beaches, plastics make up 80-85 % of marine litter, which is considered a major threat to marine and coastal biodiversity. Marine litter also costs the European Union economy an estimated €259 million to €695 million per year. In May 2018, the European Commission put forward a legislative proposal seeking to address the issue of marine litter from plastics. The proposal would introduce a series of measures regarding the top 10 single-use plastics found on European beaches, as well as fishing gear, with a view to reducing their impact on the environment and ensuring a functional internal market. After completion of the legislative procedure, the final act was signed by the presidents of the co-legislators (European Parliament and Council) on 5 June 2019, and published in the Official Journal of the European Union on 12 June 2019. Member States have two years (i.e. until 3 July 2021) to transpose the new directive into national law. Fourth edition of a briefing originally drafted by Didier Bourguignon. document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Living in the EU: Climate Change and Energy

30-04-2019

The European Union (EU) has been protecting the environment since the early 1970s, considering economic prosperity and environmental protection interdependent. As energy policies are a competence shared between the EU and its Member States (MS) joint strategic planning is strongly developed. Human activities can have adverse impacts on the environment, and subsequently on our well-being. Therefore, it is vital to monitor how MS perform in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy supply, ...

The European Union (EU) has been protecting the environment since the early 1970s, considering economic prosperity and environmental protection interdependent. As energy policies are a competence shared between the EU and its Member States (MS) joint strategic planning is strongly developed. Human activities can have adverse impacts on the environment, and subsequently on our well-being. Therefore, it is vital to monitor how MS perform in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy supply, considering that alongside the energy model, human behaviour of EU citizens represents the key element to prevent climate change.

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01-03-2021
Decarbonising European industry: hydrogen and other solutions (online event)
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01-03-2021
Exchange of views with HR/VP Josep Borrell
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