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Ámbito político
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Fecha

Focus on: Fisheries Subsidies

15-10-2013

The current reform of the Common Fisheries Policy has put fisheries subsidies in the spotlight in the EU, in particular with regard to EU fisheries funding being reshaped into a new European Maritime and Fisheries Fund. In order to support these important developments, a series of briefing notes produced by Policy Department B provide concrete figures on public funding of the fisheries sector in Europe and worldwide.

The current reform of the Common Fisheries Policy has put fisheries subsidies in the spotlight in the EU, in particular with regard to EU fisheries funding being reshaped into a new European Maritime and Fisheries Fund. In order to support these important developments, a series of briefing notes produced by Policy Department B provide concrete figures on public funding of the fisheries sector in Europe and worldwide.

Global Fisheries Subsidies

09-10-2013

The aim of this briefing note is to provide an analysis of the current state of fisheries subsidies worldwide. We review previous investigations and discussion of subsidies issues, including the debates at the World Trade Organization, give a brief overview of the impact of subsidies on key economic, social and environmental aspects of the fisheries sector, and discuss the updated estimates of global fisheries subsidies presented here. We present the various types of subsidies proposed in the literature ...

The aim of this briefing note is to provide an analysis of the current state of fisheries subsidies worldwide. We review previous investigations and discussion of subsidies issues, including the debates at the World Trade Organization, give a brief overview of the impact of subsidies on key economic, social and environmental aspects of the fisheries sector, and discuss the updated estimates of global fisheries subsidies presented here. We present the various types of subsidies proposed in the literature, and how they are likely to affect our ability to manage fisheries sustainability through time.

Autor externo

U. Rashid SUMAILA, Vicky LAM, Frédéric LE MANACH, Wilf SWARTZ and Daniel PAULY (Fisheries Economics Research Unit & Sea Around Us project, UBC Fisheries Centre, Vancouver, B.C., Canada)

Fuel Subsidies in the EU Fisheries Sector

15-07-2013

This briefing note is intended to provide the European Parliament with an analysis on tax allowances, as provided by the Directive 2003/96/EC, on fuels used by the EU fishing fleet. An estimate of the effects of this directive in terms of forgone revenue by governments of the EU MS is provided. Additionally, the benefits gained by fishers from tax reductions/exemptions are analysed across fleet segments.

This briefing note is intended to provide the European Parliament with an analysis on tax allowances, as provided by the Directive 2003/96/EC, on fuels used by the EU fishing fleet. An estimate of the effects of this directive in terms of forgone revenue by governments of the EU MS is provided. Additionally, the benefits gained by fishers from tax reductions/exemptions are analysed across fleet segments.

Autor externo

Alessandra BORRELLO, Arina MOTOVA, Natacha DENTES DE CARVALHO (Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, Italy)

Workshop on the Proposal for a New Energy Tax Directive (ETD)

05-10-2011

This workshop aims to prepare the upcoming discussion on the European Commission's proposal for a new Energy Tax Directive (ETD; COM(2011)169) and the subsequent report of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON). It will explain background and aims of the proposal as well as possible economic and social impacts and implications for growth and competitiveness. Finally, in order to understand the practicalities of such a tax, the application of energy and CO2 taxes in Sweden are explained ...

This workshop aims to prepare the upcoming discussion on the European Commission's proposal for a new Energy Tax Directive (ETD; COM(2011)169) and the subsequent report of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON). It will explain background and aims of the proposal as well as possible economic and social impacts and implications for growth and competitiveness. Finally, in order to understand the practicalities of such a tax, the application of energy and CO2 taxes in Sweden are explained.

Autor externo

Rolf DIEMER (European Commission, DG TAXUD) ; Nils-Axel BRAATHEN (OECD, Environment Directorate) ; Helge Sigurd NÆSS -SCHMIDT (Copenhagen Economics) and Susanne ÅKERFELDT (Swedish Ministry of Finance, Tax and Customs Dept.)

Taxation in Europe: Recent Developments

01-03-2003

This Study updates three earlier papers in the Economic Affairs Series:  Tax Competition in the European Union (ECON 105, October 1998);  Tax Co-ordination in the European Union (ECON 125, January 2001); and  Tax Co-ordination in the EU: the latest position (ECON 128, March 2002). The text does not repeat material already covered in the previous publications, but analyses recent developments in a number of taxation fields: corporate taxation, the taxation of energy, the continuing negotiations ...

This Study updates three earlier papers in the Economic Affairs Series:  Tax Competition in the European Union (ECON 105, October 1998);  Tax Co-ordination in the European Union (ECON 125, January 2001); and  Tax Co-ordination in the EU: the latest position (ECON 128, March 2002). The text does not repeat material already covered in the previous publications, but analyses recent developments in a number of taxation fields: corporate taxation, the taxation of energy, the continuing negotiations on the 'Monti Package', the taxation of motor vehicles, possible new proposals on the taxation of wine and the wider international context, including the work of OECD to tackled 'tax havens' and EU/US disputes over taxation. In addition, a new section provides a detailed survey of how the main taxes are levied in the thirteen candidate countries, and examines the possible effects of enlargement on taxation in the European Union itself.

The Taxation of Energy

01-02-2003

This Briefing outlines the background to the proposals on the taxation of energy currently under discussion in the European Parliament and in ECOFIN. It recalls earlier debates on the harmonisation of excise duties on mineral oils and on a CO2 tax. It then summarises the Commission's proposals – and the progress made so far – on the overall taxation of energy; on the taxation of diesel fuel; and on the taxation of biofuels.

This Briefing outlines the background to the proposals on the taxation of energy currently under discussion in the European Parliament and in ECOFIN. It recalls earlier debates on the harmonisation of excise duties on mineral oils and on a CO2 tax. It then summarises the Commission's proposals – and the progress made so far – on the overall taxation of energy; on the taxation of diesel fuel; and on the taxation of biofuels.

The Environmental and Health Impact of Aviation

01-03-2001

This report summarises policy options and provides background information relevant to the impact of aviation on the environment and on human health. The report focuses on the impacts judged to be most significant and has been carried out through a combination of literature survey (reviewed literature and available grey literature), interviews with individuals from key European organisations involved in aviation, environment, or aviation medicine, and internet research. The impacts surveyed are aircraft ...

This report summarises policy options and provides background information relevant to the impact of aviation on the environment and on human health. The report focuses on the impacts judged to be most significant and has been carried out through a combination of literature survey (reviewed literature and available grey literature), interviews with individuals from key European organisations involved in aviation, environment, or aviation medicine, and internet research. The impacts surveyed are aircraft noise, aircraft engine emissions (especially their impact on climate), resource use, and human health impacts from cosmic radiation, cabin air quality (pathogens, volatile organic compounds), and deep vein thrombosis. Policy options are identified where appropriate and the background information required to understand the options is provided and notes on broader issues are included. The key issues currently relate to (1) the next round of agreements on aircraft noise ("chapter 4 aircraft"), (2) the steps to be taken to include aviation in the steps to stabilise emissions of carbon dioxide (because of their role in climate change), and (3) concerns about passenger health. Of these, the noise agreements are closest to being finalised, the climate change concerns are important but are further from agreement, and the current consensus is that there is little evidence to justify serious concern over passenger health although airlines could improve their practices. The report includes an extensive list of sources which can be consulted for further information.

Autor externo

Nicolas Cottis (ICF Environnement and Peter Morrell, Cranfield University, UK)

Fiscal Measures in the Transport Sector

01-01-1998

After outlining the theoretical bases of the internalisation of external costs and the Community guidelines on this subject, the working document sets out the measures tgaken or planned on taxes on vehicles, fuel and infrastructures.

After outlining the theoretical bases of the internalisation of external costs and the Community guidelines on this subject, the working document sets out the measures tgaken or planned on taxes on vehicles, fuel and infrastructures.

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